152,876 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,939 images, 59,121 bibliographic items, 408,269 distributional records.

Lithothamnium R.A.Philippi, 1837, nom. rejic.

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Corallinaceae
Subfamily Lithophylloideae

Lectotype species:

Currently accepted name for the type species: Lithophyllum byssoides (Lamarck) Foslie

Original publication:Philippi, R.A. (1837). Beweis, dass die Nulliporen Pflanzen sind. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 3: 387-393, figs 2-6, pl. IX.

Type designated in Lemoine, Mme P. [=M.] (1911). Structure anatomique des Mélobésiées. Application à la classification. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco 2(2): 1-213, 14 figs, 3 folded tables, pls I-V.

Precise date of publication1837 (more precise date not determined). The requirements for valid publication are specified in the ICBN (International Code of Botanical Nomenclature).

Taxonomic status: currently regarded as a synonym of Lithophyllum.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Nomenclatural notes
The ICBN rules cited below are those adopted by the Seventeenth International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, July 2005 (McNeill et al. 2006).

In accordance with ICBN Art. 13.3, the name Lithothamnium Philippi is treated as pertaining to a non-fossil taxon because its type is based on a non-fossil specimen. Both fossil and non-fossil species have been assigned to the genus.

The generic name Lithothamnium Philippi is typified (ICBN Art 10.1) by the type of L. byssoides, one of five species originally (Philippi 1837) included in the genus. Philippi (1837) did not choose a type species, and Lemoine (1911: 66) was the first author to designate one of the originally included species as lectotype. As noted by Mason (1953: 323), the earlier choice of L. fasciculatum (Lamarck) Areschoug by Schmitz (1889: 455) is not tenable because that species was not originally included in Lithothamnium by Philippi. Mason (1953: 322, 323), unaware of the earlier designation of Lemoine, chose L. ramulosum Philippi as lectotype and was followed by Woelkerling (1983, 1985, 1988), who also was unaware of the Lemoine designation.

Lithothamnium Philippi(1837) is an earlier homonym of the conserved name Lithothamnion Heydrich (1897) and thus unavailable for use (see Art. 14.10 of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature). Lithothamnion Heydrich (1897) is listed in the Nomina Generica Conservanda (ICBN, Appendix III, A9). Further data relating to the conservation of Lithothamnion Heydrich against Lithothamnium Philippi (listed opposite Lithothamnion Heydrich in Appendix III, A9) are provided in Woelkerling 1983: 193-194, Woelkerling 1985, and Woelkerling 1988: 173. The spelling Lithothamnium should not be used for species belonging to Lithothamnion Heydrich but rather should be changed without alteration to authorship or date in accordance with ICBN Art. 55.3. - (28 Aug 2009) -

Numbers of names and species: There are 3 species names in the database at present, of which 1 has been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Foslie, M. (1900). Revised systematical survey of the Melobesieae. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1900(5): 1-22.

Heydrich, F. (1897). Melobesiae. Berichte der deutsche botanischen Gesellschaft 15: 403-420, pl. XVIII [18].

Lamarck, J.B. de (1801). Systeme des Animaux sans vertebres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'après la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Hist. Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées. Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République.. pp. i-viii, 1-432. Paris: Chez l'Auteur, au Muséum d'Hist[oire] Naturelle; Chez Derteville, Libraire, rue du Battoir n° 16, quartier de l'Odéon..

Lemoine, Mme P. [=M.] (1911). Structure anatomique des Mélobésiées. Application à la classification. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco 2(2): 1-213, 14 figs, 3 folded tables, pls I-V.

Mason, L.R. (1953). The crustaceous coralline algae of the Pacific coast of the United States, Canada and Alaska. University of California Publications in Botany 26: 313-389, Plates 27-46.

Philippi, R.A. (1837). Beweis, dass die Nulliporen Pflanzen sind. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 3: 387-393, figs 2-6, pl. IX.

Schmitz, F. (1889). Systematische Übersicht der bisher bekannten Gattungen der Florideen. Flora oder Allgemeine botanische Zeitung 72: 435-456, pl. XXI.

Woelkerling, W.J. (1983). A taxonomic reassessment of Lithophyllum (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) based on studies of R.A. Philippi's original collections. British Phycological Journal 18(3): 299-328.

Woelkerling, W. J. (1985). Proposal to conserve Lithothamnion against Lithothamnium (Rhodophyta: Corallinaceae). Taxon 34: 302-303.

Woelkerling, W.J. (1988). The Coralline Red Algae: an analysis of the genera and subfamilies of nongeniculate Corallinaceae. pp. i-xi, 1-268, 259 figs, tables numbered by chapter. London & Oxford: British Museum (Natural History) & Oxford University Press.

Woelkerling, W.J. (1998). Lamarck's nullipores. In: Non-geniculate Coralline Red Algae and the Paris Muséum: Systematics and Scientific History. (Woelkerling, W.J. & Lamy, D. Eds), pp. 101-404. Paris: Publications Scientifiques du Muséum/A.D.A.C.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Created: 16 April 2003 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by:

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=45761

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 September 2018.

SITE © 1996 - 2018 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio