153,875 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,014 images, 59,586 bibliographic items, 413,474 distributional records.

Prochlorococcus Chisholm, Frankel, Goericke, Olson, Palenik, Waterbury, West-Johnsrud & Zettler, 1992

Classification:
Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Synechococcophycidae
Order Synechococcales
Family Prochloraceae

Holotype species: Prochlorococcus marinus Chisholm, Frankel, Goericke, Olson, Palenik, Waterbury, West-Johnsrud & Zettler

Original publication and holotype designation: Chisholm, S. W., Frankel, S. L., Goericke, R., Olson, R. J., Palenik, B., Waterbury, J. B., West-Johnsrud, L. & Zettler, E. R. (1992). Prochlorococcus marinus nov. gen. nov. sp.: an oxyphototrophic marine prokaryote containing divinyl chlorophyll a and b. Archives of Microbiology 157: 297-300, 1 fig., 1 table.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Komárek, J., Kastovsky, J., Mares, J. & Johansen, J.R. (2014). Taxonomic classification of cyanoprokaryotes (cyanobacterial genera) 2014, using a polyphasic approach. Preslia 86: 295-335.

Description: The prokaryotic cells are spherical to rod shaped just prior to division, occur singly or in pairs and divide by transverse binary fission. They possess a gram-negative cell wall and have peripheral photosynthetic thylakoids that are closely appressed to one another. Phycobilisomes are absent. They are oxygenic photoautotrophs that possess divinyl chlorophylls a and b as their principal photosynthetic pigments, and lack phycobiliproteins.

Information contributed by: Oriignal description.. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 5 Dec 2018 by M.D. Guiry.

Numbers of names and species: There is only one species or infraspecific name in the database at present, which has been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Thomazeau, S., Houdan-Fourmont, A., Couté, A., Duval, C., Couloux, A., Rousseau, F. & Bernard, C. (2010). The contribution of sub-Saharan African strains to the phylogeny of cyanobacteria: focusing on the Nostacaceae (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 46(3): 564-579.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 16 April 2003 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 05 December 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=46076

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 December 2018.

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