150,108 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,397 images, 57,741 bibliographic items, 380,802 distributional records.

Stigeoclonium Kützing, 1843, nom. cons.

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Chlorophyceae
Order Chaetophorales
Family Chaetophoraceae

Holotype species: Stigeoclonium tenue (C.Agardh) Kützing

Original publication and holotype designation: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Gender: This genus name is currently treated as neuter.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: John, D.M. (2002). Orders Chaetophorales, Klebshormidiales, Microsporales, Ulotrichales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 433-468. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Description: Plants consisting of variously developed prostrate and erect systems of uniseriate filaments. Erect filaments alternately, oppositely or dichotomously branched. Branches whorled or irregular, with tips pointed, narrowly obtuse or bearing a multicellular hyaline hair. Prostrate filaments form creeping or rhizoidal system, occasionally aggregated into pseudoparenchymatous disc. Cells uninucleate, thick or thin-walled, cylindrical or swollen, each with a single parietal chloroplast and one to several pyrenoids. Asexual reproduction by quadriflagellate zoospores of two sizes, micro- and macrozoospores. Sexual reproduction isogamous, by biflagellate or quadriflagellate gametes. Stigeoclonium common freshwater genus growing on a wide range of different surfaces. Species delimitation now based principally on features of the prostrate system and ones associated with germination of the zoospores. An extremely polymorphic genus most of whose members are best defined after growth in carefully defined culture conditions. Modern culture-based studies have led to recognition of just 3 species and suggestion that most of the 23 or more described in the earlier literature are merely environmentally-induced forms. All species so far investigated ultrastructurally have plasmodesmata and membranes closely appressed to pyrenoids. In a few species phycoplast observed.

Information contributed by: D.M. John. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 19 Oct 2015 by M.D. Guiry.

Common names

(as Stigeoclonium)
Swedish: Skivtofsar (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Numbers of names and species: There are 63 species names in the database at present, of which 49 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Stigeoclonium aestivale (Hazen) Collins C 
Stigeoclonium alkaliense Noda U 
Stigeoclonium amoenum Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium askenasyi Schmidle C 
Stigeoclonium attenuatum (Hazen) Collins C 
Stigeoclonium australense K.Möbius C 
Stigeoclonium biasolettianum (Kützing) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium bifurcatum N.Islam & M.R.Khan C 
Stigeoclonium carolinianum Islam C 
Stigeoclonium condensatum (Hassall) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium curvirostrum Skuja C 
Stigeoclonium elongatum (Hassall) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium falklandicum (Kützing) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium farctum Berthold C 
Stigeoclonium fasciculare Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium fastigatum (Ralfs) Kützing S 
Stigeoclonium flagelliferum Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium geraldii A.K.Islam C 
Stigeoclonium glomeratum (Hazen) Collins S 
Stigeoclonium gracile (West & G.S.West) Tiffany C 
Stigeoclonium gracile (Kützing) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium helveticum Vischer C 
Stigeoclonium huberi Heering C 
Stigeoclonium indicum P.Sarma & Kargupta C 
Stigeoclonium irregulare Kützing S 
Stigeoclonium islamii Sarma C 
Stigeoclonium longearticulatum (Hansgirg) Heering S 
Stigeoclonium longipilum Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium lubricum (Dillwyn) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium najadeanum Skvortzov S 
Stigeoclonium nanum (Dillwyn) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium nelsonii Prescott C 
Stigeoclonium nudiusculum (Kützing) Rabenhorst C 
Stigeoclonium ovisporum Y.X.Wei C 
Stigeoclonium pachydermum Prescott C 
Stigeoclonium paihiae Islam S 
Stigeoclonium pascheri (Vischer) E.R.Cox & Bold S 
Stigeoclonium penicillatum A.K.Islam C 
Stigeoclonium plumosum Kützing S 
Stigeoclonium polymorphum (Franke) Heering C 
Stigeoclonium polyrhizum Jao S 
Stigeoclonium prolixum C.-C.Jao C 
Stigeoclonium prostratum F.E.Fritsch C 
Stigeoclonium protensum (Dillwyn) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium pusillum (Lyngbye) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium pygmaeum Hansgirg S 
Stigeoclonium sarmae N.Islam & M.R.Khan C 
Stigeoclonium segarae A.K.Islam C 
Stigeoclonium setigerum Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium simplex Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium simplicissimum Reinsch S 
Stigeoclonium spicatum Schmidle S 
Stigeoclonium stagnale Noda U 
Stigeoclonium stagnatile (Hazen) Collins C 
Stigeoclonium subsecundum (Kützing) Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium subspinosum Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium subuligerum Kützing C 
Stigeoclonium tenue (C.Agardh) Kützing C - type
Stigeoclonium terrestre Iwanoff S 
Stigeoclonium thermale A.Braun C 
Stigeoclonium tibeticum Y.-X.Wei & H.J.Hu C 
Stigeoclonium uniforme (C.Agardh) Rabenhorst C 
Stigeoclonium variabile Nägeli C 

References
Caisová, L., Marin, B., Sausen, N., Proschold, T. & Melkonian, M. (2011). Polyphyly of Chaetophora and Stigeoclonium within the Chaetophorales (Chlorophyceae), revealed by sequence comparisons of nuclear-encoded SSU rRNA genes. Journal of Phycology 47(1): 164-177.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 October 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=if69f2c9cba55d3e9

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 13 December 2017.

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