153,615 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,981 images, 59,407 bibliographic items, 412,628 distributional records.

Peridinium Ehrenberg, 1830

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Peridiniales
Family Peridiniaceae

Holotype species: Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg

Original publication:Ehrenberg, C.G. (1830). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Organisation der Infusorien und ihrer geographischen Verbreitung, besonders in Sibirien. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1830: 1-88, pls I-VIII.
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Type designated in Fromentel, É. de (1874). Études sur les microzoaires, ou infusoires proprement dits: comprenant de nouvelles recherches sur leur organisation, leur classification et la description des espèces nouvelles ou peu connues / par E. de Fromentel ; planches et notes descriptives des espèces par J. Jobard-Muteau. pp. i-vii, 1-364. Paris: G. Masson, Éditeur.
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Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Moestrup, Ø. & Calado, A.J. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Volume 6: Dinophyceae. pp. [i]-xii, [1]-560, 421 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Numbers of names and species: There are 620 species names in the database at present, as well as 393 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 50 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

References
Lefèvre, M. (1932). Monographie des espèces d'eau douce du genre Peridinium. Archives de Botanique, Mémoires 2(5): 1-210, 6 pls.

Kiselev, I.A. & Cvetkov, N.W. (1935). Zur Morphologie und Ökologie von Peridinium baicalense n. sp.. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 53((B)): 518-524.

Schiller, J. (1937). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. X. Band, 3. Abt. 2. Teil. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds), pp. 321-590, i-vii. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Huber-Pestalozzi, G. (1950). Das Phytoplankton des Süsswassers. Systematik und Biologie. 3. Teil. Cryptophyceen. Chloromonadinen. Peridineen. In: Die Binnengewässer...Band 16, 3. Teil. (Thienemann, A. Eds), pp. i-ix, 1-310. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Erwin Nägele).

Bourrelly, P. (1968). Notes sur les Péridiniens d'eau douce. Protistologica 4: 5-14.

Bourrelly, P. (1970). Les algues d'eau douce. Initiation à la systématique. Tome III: Les Algues bleues et rouges. Les Eugléniens, Peridiniens et Cryptomonadines. pp. 1-512, 5 figs, 138 plates. Paris: Boubée & Cie.

Matvienko, A.M. & Litvinenko, R.M. (1977). Pirofitovi vodorosti - Pyrrophyta. In: Vyznachnyk prisnovodnykh vodorostej Ukrajns'koj RSR. [Vyp.] III. Chastyna 2. ( Eds), pp. 386. Kyjv: Naukova Dumka.

Carty, S. (2003). Dinoflagellates. In: Freshwater Algae of North America, Ecology and Classification. (Wehr, J.D. & Sheath, R.G. Eds), pp. 685-714. San Diego: Academic Press.

Popovsky, J. & Pfiester, L.A. (1990). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Vol. 6. Dinophyceae (Dinoflagellida). pp. 1-272. Jena & Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.

Ki, J.-S., Park, M.-H. & Han, M.-S. (2011). Discriminative power of nuclear rDNA sequences for the DNA taxonomy of the dinoflagellate genus Peridinium (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 426-435.

Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 22 October 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43636

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2018.

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