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Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Dumontiaceae
Genus Dumontia


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Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. . 22 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 12 Feb 2012. M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie). © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
Tragove, Galicia, Spain, 2011. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
Leça de Palmeira, Portugal, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
Leça de Palmeira, Portugal, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
Barrañán beach, Spain, 2011. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
Barrañán beach, Spain, 2011. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
Barrañán beach, Spain, 2011. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
New Quay, Co. Clare, Ireland. 25 May 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht
Dumontia cortorta; Spiddal, Co. Galway. 03 Apr 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht Leça de Palmeira, Portugal, 2010
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht 1850: 103

Published in: Ruprecht, F.J. (1850). Algae ochotenses. Die ersten sicheren Nachrichten über die Tange des Ochotskischen Meeres. pp. 1-243, 10 pls. St. Petersburg: Buchdruckerei der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Dumontia is Dumontia incrassata (O.F.Müller) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus contortus S.G.Gmelin

Type information
Type locality: Ad litus Scheuelingense prope Hagam comium e mari reiectum Cel. Pallas (Gmelin 1768: 181). Lectotype: Illustration in Gmelin (pl. 22: fig. 1) (epitype) (Irvine 1983: 14).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), contorted, literally, ‘powerful, vehement, involved’. (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus contortus S.G.Gmelin 1768
Ulva contorta (S.G.Gmelin) De Candolle 1805

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ulva filiformis Hornemann 1773
Ulva incrassata O.F.Müller 1775
Ulva spongiformis O.F.Müller 1778
Dumontia incrassata (O.F.Müller) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Conferva filiformis Hornemann 1813
Ulva compressa var. purpurea C.Agardh 1817
Gastridium filiforme (Hornemann) Lynbye 1819
Gastridium filiforme var. incrassatum (O.F.Müller) Lyngbye 1819
Gastridium filiforme var. flavum Lyngbye 1819
Gastridium filiforme var. rugosum O.F.Müller ex Lyngbye 1819
Gastridium filiforme var. spongiforme (O.F.Müller) Lyngbye 1819
Halymenia filiformis (Hornemann) C.Agardh 1822
Halymenia filiformis var. incrassata (O.F.Müller) C.Agardh 1822
Solenia filiformis (Hornemann) Sprengel 1824
Dumontia filiformis (Hornemann) Greville 1830
Halymenia purpurascens var. crispata Greville 1830
Dumontia filiformis var. crispata (Greville) Greville 1830
Gastridium filiforme var. intestiniformis Liebmann 1845
Dumontia filiformis f. crispata (Greville) Hauck 1883
Dumontia incrassata var. crispata (Greville) Batters 1902

Habitat notes
Intertidal zone (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2009). - (10 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht)
English: Dumont's Tubular Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Soft, pale yellowish to purple fronds, solitary or tufted from discoid base, tubular, cylindrical or compressed, irregularly branched, to 500 mm long, filled with a watery mucilage. Axis and branches tapered at both ends, irregularly swollen, often twisted, to 5 mm or more broad. Basal disc to 20 mm diam., persistent, erect fronds initiated internally.

On rock and pebbles, shallow open pools, upper intertidal to shallow subtidal, common, widely distributed.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Ulva filiformis Hornemann)
Europe: Ireland (Tighe 1803).

(as Dumontia incrassata (O.F.Müller) J.V.Lamouroux)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Taylor 1957, Lee 1980).

Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Greece (Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979), Norway (Jaasund 1965), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Miranda 1931, Pérez-Cirera & Maldonado 1982, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Anadón & Fernández 1986), Sweden (Kylin 1944).

Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Lindstrom 1977), Connecticut (CT) (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), New Jersey (NJ) (Taylor 1957), Nova Scotia (Taylor 1957), Rhode Island (RI) (Taylor 1957).

Asia: Japan (Segawa 1981), Russia (Far East) (Perestenko 1980).

(as Dumontia filiformis (Hornemann) Greville)
Europe: Ireland (Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913), Spain (Miranda 1931), Sweden (Kylin 1907).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Saunders 1901).

Asia: Japan (Okamura 1936), Kurile Islands (Nagai 1941).

(as Dumontia contorta (S.G.Gmelin) Ruprecht)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Malavenda 2018, Malavenda 2018), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen et al. 1999), White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013, Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013, Mikhaylova 2017).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Irvine 1983, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016, Bunker et al. 2017), Denmark (Larsen & Sand-Jensen 2006), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Coppejans & Kling 1995, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Zubia et al. 2009, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Irvine 1983, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker et al. 2017), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997, Stegenga, Kaaremans & Simons 2007), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Araujo et al. 2005, Araújo et al. 2006, Araújo et al. 2009), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Pérez-Cirera 1989, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Bárbara 2002, Valenzuela Miranda 2002, Sánchez, Fernández & Rico 2003, Bárbara et al. 2005, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994 ).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Scagel et al. 1989, Tai, Lindstrom & Saunders 2001), Maine (ME) (Mathieson et al. 2001), New Brunswick (Tai, Lindstrom & Saunders 2001, Bates et al. 2005), New Hampshire (HN) (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), Nova Scotia (Saunders & Lindstrom 2011, Scrosati 2016), United States of America (D'Archino, Nelson & Zuccarello 2010).

Asia: Commander Islands (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 1997), Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), Kamchatka (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2009), Korea (Kang, An & Nam 2018 ), Russia (Kozhenkova 2009), Russia (Far East) (Kloczcova 1996, Perestenko 1994, Selivanova 2002).

(as Dumontia incrassata var. crispata (Greville) Batters)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Klochkova, N.G., Korolyova, T.N. & Kusidi, A.E. (2009). [Atlas of marine algae of Kamchatka and surrounding areas. Vol. 2. Red seaweeds]. pp. 1-301. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: KamchatNIRO Press. [in Russian]

Kloczcova, N.G. (1996). Flora vodoroslei makrofitov Tatarskogo Proliva i osobennosti ee formirovanija [Macrophyte algal flora of Tatars Gulf (Sea of Japan) and peculiarities of its formation]. pp. 1-289. Vladivostock: Dalnauka. [in Russian]

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Mathieson, A.C., Pederson, J.R., Neefus, C.D., Dawes, C.J. & Bray, T.L. (2008). Multiple assessments of introduced seaweeds in the Northwest Atlantic. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65: 730–741.. ICES Journal of Marine Science 65: 730-741, 5 figs.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 11465 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kang, P.J., An, J.W. & Nam, K.W. (2018). New record of Dumontia contorta and D. alaskana (Dumontiaceae, Gigartinales) in Korea. Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 21(7): 1-5.
Klein, B. (1987). The phenology of Dumontia contorta (Rhodophyta) studied by following individual plants in situ at Roscoff, northern Brittany. Botanica Marina 30: 187-194.
Pot, R., Klein, B., Rietema, H. & van den Hoek, C. (1988). A field study on the growth and development of Dumontia contorta. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 42(3-4): 553-562.
Rietema, H. & Breeman, A.M. (1982). The regulation of the life history of Dumontia contorta in comparison to that of several other Dumontiaceae (Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 25: 569-576.
Rietema, H. & Klein, A.W.O. (1981). Environmental control of the life cycle of Dumontia contorta (Rhodophyta) kept in culture. Marine Ecology Progress Series 4: 23-29.
Rietema, H. & van den Hoek, C. (1984). Search for possible latitudinal ecotypes in Dumontia contorta (Rhodophyta). Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 38: 389-399.
Rietema, H. (1982). Effects of photoperiod and temperature on macrothallus initiation in Dumontia contorta (Rhodophyta). Marine Ecology Progress Series 8: 187-196.
Rietema, H. (1984). Development of erect thalli from basal crusts in Dumontia contorta (Gmel.) Rupr. (Rhodophyta, Cryptonemiales). Botanica Marina 27: 29-36.
Wilce, R.T. & Davis, A.N. (1984). Development of Dumontia contorta (Dumontiaceae, Cryptonemiales) compared with that of other higher red algae. Journal of Phycology 20: 336-351.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 April 2019.

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