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Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae
Genus Caulerpa

Pictures

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Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh
Okha, Devbhoomi Dwarka district, Gujarat state, India. 11 Jul 2019. Haresh Kalasariya (hareshahir22@gmail.com). © Haresh Kalasariya.

Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh

Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh
Marmion, Western Australia.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

 

Ascophyllum mackayi (Turner) Holmes & Batters

Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh Tanzania
© Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se)

Publication details
Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh 1817: xxii

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1817). Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae, adjecta dispositione universali algarum. pp. [i]-xl, [1]-135. Lundae [Lund]: Ex officina Berlingiana.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa is Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus scalpelliformis R.Brown ex Turner

Type information
Type locality: southern coast of Australia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 838). Type: R. Brown; BM (Womersley 1984: 258).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus scalpelliformis R.Brown ex Turner 1809
Corradoria scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) Trevisan 1849

Nomenclatural notes
Børgesen (1940) cites this species as Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R. Brown) Web. v. Bosse.

Taxonomic notes
Belton et al. (2014: 46) postulate that C. scalpelliformis is represented by multiple genetic species. - (15 Jul 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Distributional notes
This species was apparently introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 255) via the Suez Canal, which opened in 1869, being first confirmed from Israel in 1929. It is now found on the Levantine coast, Turkey, and Egypt. - (6 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh)
Europe: Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1981, John et al. 2004, Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

Caribbean Islands: Barbados (Taylor 1969), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1969).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Oliveira Filho 1977, Falcão & Menezes de Széchy 2005, Moura 2010), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Angola (John et al. 2004), Gambia (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004, John et al. 2004), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritius (Børgesen 1940, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), São Tomé & Príncipe (Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Rodrigues Island (De Clerck et al. 2004).

South-west Asia: Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Athiperumalsami et al. 2010, Suryanarayanan et al. 2010, Gupta 2012, Rao & Gupta 2015), Israel (Nemlich & Danin 1964, Einav 2007, Galil 2007 , Einav & Israel 2008, Ukabi et al. 2014), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013, Bitar et al. 2017 ), Levant states (Gallardo et al. 1993), Oman (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Wynne 2018), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008), Yemen (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Singapore (Pham et al. 2011), Vietnam (Tien 2007, Nguyen et al. 2013).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Famà, Wysor, Kooistra & Zuccarello 2002 ), New South Wales (Womersley 1984, Millar & Kraft 1994, Huisman 2000), South Australia (Womersley 1984, Huisman 2000), Tasmania (Womersley 1984, Huisman 2000, Scott 2017), Victoria (Womersley 1984, Huisman 2000, Kevekordes et al 2006, Shepherd et al. 2009), Western Australia (Womersley 1984, Huisman & Walker 1990, Huisman 2000).

Key references
Belton, G.S., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Huisman, J.M., Draisma, S.G.A. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2014). Resolving phenotypic plasticity and species designation in the morphology challenging Caulerpa racemosa-peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 50(1): 32-54.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Falcão, C. & Menezes de Széchy, M.T. (2005). Changes in shallow phytobenthic assemblages in southeastern Brazil, following the replacement of Sargassum vulgare (Phaeophyta) by Caulerpa scalpelliformis (Chlorophyta). Botanica Marina 48: 208-217.

Famá, P., Wysor, B., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2002). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. Journal of Phycology 38: 1040-1050.

Kevekordes, K., Holland, D., Haubner, N., Jenkins, S., Koss, R., Roberts, S., Raven, J.A., Scrimgeour, C.M., Shelly, K., Stojkovic, S. & Beardall, J. (2006). Inorganic carbon acquisition by eight species of Caulerpa (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta). Phycologia 45: 442-449.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Ukabi, S., Shemesh, E., Dubinsky, Z, Hershkovits, G. & Israel, A. (2014). Molecular authentication of Caulerpa (Chlorophyta) species along the eastern (Israeli) Mediterranean shores. Botanica Marina 57(1): 67-71.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 12 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 February 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6985 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Falcão, C. & Menezes de Széchy, M.T. (2005). Changes in shallow phytobenthic assemblages in southeastern Brazil, following the replacement of Sargassum vulgare (Phaeophyta) by Caulerpa scalpelliformis (Chlorophyta). Botanica Marina 48: 208-217.
Kajimura, M. (1968). On fruiting season of Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R. Br) Ag. var. denticulata (Decsn.) Weber van Bosse in the Oki Islands, Shimane Prefecture. Bulletin of the Japanese Society for Phycology 14: 38-43.
Kajimura, M. (1969). On ecology of Caulerpa scalpelliformis var. denticulata in the Oki Islands. Mem. Fac, Liter. Sci., Shimane Univ. Nat. Sci. 2: 81-98.
Kajimura, M. (1977). On dioecious and isogamous reproduction of Caulerpa scalpelliformis (R. Br.) Ag. var. denticulata (Decsn.) Weber van Bosse from the Oki Islands, Shimane Prefecture. Bulletin of the Japanese Society for Phycology 25: 27-33.
Kajimura, M. 1970 (1970). On swarmer production and discharge in (R. Br.) AG. var. denticulata (Decsn.) Weber Van Bosse from the Oki Islands, Shimane Prefecture. Japanese Society of Phycology 18(1): 8-11.
Kajimura, M. 1984 (1984). On ecology of Caulerpa scalpelliformis var. denticulata in the Oki Islands II. : .

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 July 2019.

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