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Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithothamniaceae
Tribe Lithothamnieae
Genus Lithothamnion

Pictures

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Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

 

Campylaephora crassa (Okamura) Nakamura

Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck Mediterranean
© Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it)

Publication details
Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck 1878: 289, pl. 3: figs 1-4

Published in: Hauck, F. (1878). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Adriatischen Algen. X. Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift 28: 288-295, 1 plate.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Lithothamnion is Lithothamnion muelleri Lenormand ex Rosanoff.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), crisped, curled, or closely (finely) waved.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithophyllum crispatum (Hauck) Hauck 1883
Archaeolithothamnion crispatum (Hauck) Foslie 1898
Lithothamnion philippi f. crispatum (Hauck) Foslie 1904

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion superpositum Foslie 1900
Lithothamnion brasilense f. heteromorphum Foslie 1900
Lithothamnion fruticulosum f. confine Foslie 1904
Lithothamnion indicum Foslie 1907
Lithothamnion heteromorphum (Foslie) Foslie 1907
Mesophyllum superpositum (Foslie) W.H.Adey 1970

Taxonomic notes
Wilks & Woelkerling (1995: 561) note that all plants in the holotype collection are sterile, and thus the status and disposition of the taxon are uncertain. Basso et al. (2011) re-describe Lithothamnion crispatum, based on the discovery of empty tetra/bisporangial conceptacles in the lectotype material as well as on additional material collected from the Mediterranean Sea. - (30 Mar 2011) - Wendy Guiry

Distributional notes
According to Wilks & Woelkerling (1995: 561), the southern Australian record is based on a single collection of Heydrich (1901b: 540) that Foslie (1901b) later described as Lithothamnion engelhartii f. pseudocrispata. - (27 Mar 2009) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Basso et al. (2011) re-describe Lithothamnion crispatum, based on the discovery of empty tetra/bisporangial conceptacles in the lectotype material as well as on additional material collected from the Mediterranean Sea.

Type information
Type locality: Rovigno, Adriatic Sea (Woelkerling 1998: 338). Lectotype: L 943.7-75 (Woelkerling & Verheij 1995: 44). Notes: Isolectotypes: PC, Thuret-Bornet Herbarium (box collection, filed under Lithothamnion crispatum; TRH, two unnumbered collections one of which includes slide 56 (both collections filed in TRH drawer B-16). Collected by F. Hauck (Wilks & Woelkerling 1995: 560). Basso et al. (2011: 145) note that this was originally described from material collected in the northern Adriatic Sea at 25 m depth (Hauck 1878) and that there are illustrations of the type material in Cabioch & Mendoza 1998: 218, figs 28-29.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Lithothamnion crispatum Hauck)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Babbini & Bressan 1997), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Babbini & Bressan 1997), Croatia (Basso et al. 2011 ), France (Babbini & Bressan 1997, Anon. 2017), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Babbini & Bressan 1997), Italy (Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Basso et al. 2011), Spain (Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo et al. 1985), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Oliveira Costa et al. 2014, Jesionek et al. 2016, de Carvalho et al. 2017).

Africa: Algeria (Babbini & Bressan 1997), Libya (Babbini & Bressan 1997), Mauritania (John et al. 2004), Sudan (Papenfuss 1968, Osman & Mohammed 2016).

South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008), Yemen (Basso et al. 2011).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Nelson 2012, Nelson et al. 2014), Victoria (Basso et al. 2011).

(as Lithophyllum crispatum (Hauck) Hauck)
Europe: Turkey (Europe) (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993).

(as Lithothamnion superpositum Foslie)
South America: Brazil (Basso et al. 2011 ).

Africa: South Africa (Basso et al. 2011 ).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Basso et al. 2011 ).

(as Lithothamnion brasilense f. heteromorphum Foslie)
South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930).

(as Lithothamnion indicum Foslie)
Central America: Islas Revillagigedo (Taylor 1945), Panama (Taylor 1945, Fernández-García et al. 2011).

Africa: Djibouti (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritania (John et al. 2004), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005 ).

Indian Ocean Islands: Amirante Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Cargados Carajos (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Saya de Malha Bank (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Asia: Korea (Lee 2008).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012).

Australia and New Zealand: Victoria (Wilks & Woelkerling 1995, Womersley 1996).

(as Lithothamnion heteromorphum (Foslie) Foslie)
Central America: Costa Rica (Fernández-García et al. 2011).

South America: Brazil (Oliveira Filho 1977, Silva 1996-to date).

(as Mesophyllum superpositum (Foslie) W.H.Adey)
Africa: South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Jesionek, M.B., Bahia, R.G., Hernández-Kantún, J., Adey, W.H., Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y., Longo, L.L. & Amado-Filho, G.M. (2016). A taxonomic account of non-geniculate coralline algae (Corallinophycidae, Rhodophyta) from shallow reefs of the Abrolhos Bank, Brazil. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 31(4): 317-340.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Wilks, K.M. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1995). An account of southern Australian species of Lithothamnion (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Australian Systematic Botany 8: 549-583, 12 figs, 2 tables.

Woelkerling, W.J. (1998). Type collections of non-geniculate corallines housed at the Laboratoire de Cryptogamie (PC). In: Non-geniculate coralline red algae and the Paris Muséum: systematics and scientific history. (Woelkerling, W.J. Eds), pp. 279-404. Paris: Muséum National d'Histoire naturelle / ADAC.

Woelkerling, W.J., Gustavsen, G., Myklebost, H.E., Prestø, T., Såstad, S.M. (2005). The coralline red algal herbarium of Mikael Foslie: revised catalogue with analyses. Gunneria 77: 1-625.

Created: 15 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2992 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)


Basso, D., Rodondi, G. & Bressan, G. (2011). A re-description of Lithothamnion crispatum and the status of Lithothamnion superpositum (Rhodophyta, Corallinales). Phycologia 50(2): 144-155.
de Carvalho, R.T., Salgado, L.T., Filho, G.M.A., Leal, R.N., Werckmann, J., Rossi, A.L., Campos, A.P.C., Karez, C.S. & Farina, M. (2017). Biomineralization of calcium carbonate in the cell wall of Lithothamnion crispatum (Hapalidiales, Rhodophyta): correlation between the organic matrix and the mineral phase. Journal of Phycology 53(3): 642-651.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 May 2019.

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