156,011 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,990 images, 60,295 bibliographic items, 442,406 distributional records.

Gracilaria foliifera (Forsskål) Børgesen

Publication details
Gracilaria foliifera (Forsskål) Børgesen 1932: 7

Published in: Børgesen, F. (1932). A revision of Forsskål's algae mentioned in Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica and found in his herbarium in the Botanical Museum of the University of Copenhagen. Dansk Botanisk Arkiv 8(2): 1-14, 4 figs, 1 plate.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus foliifer Forsskål

Type information
Type locality: Mokha, Yemen (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 168). Notes: Lectotype: C (Børgesen, 1932, fig. 1; Guiry & Freamhainn, 1985).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), leaf-bearing.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chondrus multipartitus var. foliifer (Forsskål) Greville
Fucus foliifer Forsskål 1775

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus aeruginosus var. lichenoides Turner 1811
Fucus aeruginosus var. nudiusculus Turner 1811
Sphaerococcus multipartitus var. lichenoides (Turner) C.Agardh 1822

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996: 169), the name Gracilaria corticata has been misapplied to this species by Børgesen (1933b: 124 (at least in part)); the name Gracilaria corticatavar. ramalinoides has been misapplied to this name by Børgesen (1933b: 124-125 (at least in part)) and Børgesen (1935: 56 (at least in part)); the name Gracilaria multipartita has been misapplied to this species by G. Murray (1887: 27) and Jadin (1935: 165)

Distributional notes
According to Guiry & Freamhainn (1985), records from the N. Atlantic and Mediterranean refer to G. multipartita (q.v.) and not to this Indian Ocean species. Edotor's note: Gracilaria foliifera, reported by Nguyen (1972) from Vietnam, is not listed in the text (Nyugen H. Dinh, 1992); perhaps the author meant to indicate that the specimen represented G. textorii instead (Abbott, 1992).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Børgesen, F. (1932). A revision of Forsskål's algae mentioned in Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica and found in his herbarium in the Botanical Museum of the University of Copenhagen. Dansk Botanisk Arkiv 8(2): 1-14, 4 figs, 1 plate.

Key references
Guiry, M.D. & Freamhainn, M.T. (1986). Biosystematics of Gracilaria foliifera (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Nordic Journal of Botany 5: 629-637.

Hayee-Memon, A. & Shameel, M. (1996). A taxonomic study of some red algae commonly growing on the coast of Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences 5(2): 113-137.

Nguyen H. Dinh (1992). Vietnamese species of Gracilaria and Gracilariopsis. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.3, pp. 207-210. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Norris, J.N. (1985). Gracilaria and Polycavernosa from the Caribbean and Florida: key and list of the species of economic potential. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.T-CSGCP-011, pp. 101-113. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College Program.

Pareek, M., Mishra, A. & Jha, B. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of Gracilaria species inferred from molecular markers belonging to three different genomes. Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1322-1328.

Created: 18 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 February 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4448 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chang, C.F. & Xia, B.M. (1964). A comparative study of Gracilaria foliifera (Forssk.) Boergs., and Gracilaria textorii (Suring.) De Toni. Acta Botanica Sinica 12(2): 201-209, 1 plate.
DeBoer, J.A. (1978). Effects of nitrogen enrichment on growth rate and phycocolloid content in Gracilaria foliifera and Neoagardhiella baileyi (Florideophyceae). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 9: 263-271.
Friedlander, M. & Dawes, C.J. (1984). Studies on spore release and sporeling growth from carpospores of Gracilaria foliifera (Forsskål) Børgesen var. angustissima (Harvey) Taylor. I. Growth responses. Aquatic Botany 19: 221-232.
Friedlander, M. & Dawes, C.J. (1984). Studies on spore release and sporeling growth from carpospores of Gracilaria foliifera (Forsskål) Børgesen var. angustissima (Harvey) Taylor. II. Photosynthetic and respiratory responses. Aquatic Botany 19: 233-241.
Guiry, M.D. & Freamhainn, M.T. (1986). Biosystematics of Gracilaria foliifera (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Nordic Journal of Botany 5: 629-637.
Guiry, M.D. & Ottway, B. (1981). Maricultural studies on Gracilaria foliifera, an agar-producing seaweed. Proceedings of the Economic and Medicinal Plants Research Association Symposium 3: 85-95.
Hayee-Memon, A., Shameel, M., Ahmad, M., Ahmad, V.U. & Usmanghani, K. (1991). Phycochemical studies on Gracilaria foliifera (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina 34: 107-111.
Kim, C.S. & Humm, H.J. (1965). The red alga, Gracilaria foliifera, with special reference to the cell wall polysaccharides. Bulletin of Marine Science 15: 1036-1050.
Lapointe, B.E. & Ryther, J.H. (1979). The effects of nitrogen and seawater flow rate on the growth and biochemical composition of Gracilaria foliifera v. angustissima in mass outdoor cultures. Botanica Marina 22: 529-537.
Matsuhashi, T. & Hayashi, K. (1972). Rheological behavior of agar gel processed from Gracilaria foliifera in Florida. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 7: 464-468.
McLachlan, J. & Edelstein, T. (1977). Life-history and culture of Gracilaria foliifera (Rhodophyta) from south Devon. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 57: 577-586.
McLachlan, J., van der Meer, J.P. & Bird, N.L. (1977). Chromosome numbers of Gracilaria foliifera and Gracilaria sp. (Rhodophyta) and attempted hybridizations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 57: 1137-1141.
Min-Thein, U. & Aung Myint, U. (1982). Pond culture of Gracilaria spp. (G. edulis, G. verrucosa, G. crassa, G. foliifera) at Setse. Technical Reports. pp. 1-7, 7 pp..
Ottway, B. (1979). Gracilaria foliifera an alga new to Ireland. Irish Naturalists' Journal 19: 327.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 August 2019.

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