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Sphaerococcus bracteatus (S.G.Gmelin) C.Agardh

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Sphaerococcaceae
Genus Sphaerococcus

Pictures

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Sphaerococcus bracteatus (S.G.Gmelin) C.Agardh
Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Sphaerococcus bracteatus (S.G.Gmelin) C.Agardh
South Africa. Robert Anderson. © Robert Anderson (Robert.Anderson@uct.ac.za).

 

Liagora coarctata Zanardini

Gigartina bracteata (S.G.Gmelin) Setchell & N.L.Gardner Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula, South Africa
© M.D. Guiry

Publication details
Sphaerococcus bracteatus (S.G.Gmelin) C.Agardh 1817: XVI

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1817). Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae, adjecta dispositione universali algarum. pp. [i]-xl, [1]-135. Lundae [Lund]: Ex officina Berlingiana.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Sphaerococcus is Sphaerococcus coronopifolius Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Gigartina bracteata (S.G.Gmelin) Setchell & N.L.Gardner

Basionym
Fucus bracteatus S.G.Gmelin

Type information
Type locality: "Mare indicum"* (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 903). Notes: *Silva et al. (1996: 903) note: Seba's (1758) illustrations, included in the protologue of Fucus bracteatus, were considered to constitute the type of F. bracteatus by Setchell & Gardner. Seba's material probably came from the Cape of Good Hope on the Atlantic Ocean. Gigartina bracteata is restricted to the cold waters of western Cape Province, South Africa. Rumphius (1750: 186) is also cited in the protologue. His alga (from Amboina on the Banda Sea, an outlier of the Pacific Ocean) was referred by G. Mertens (1863: 43) to Mastocarpus klenzeanus K├╝tzing, a taxonomic synonym of Sarcodia montagneana (J. Hooker & Harvey J. Agardh. There is no indication that Gmelin had original collections at hand, so that the provenance "Mare indicum" shoud be considered erroneous. According to Parkinson (1981: 19), Gmelin's species is based primarily on the Rumphius plant and not on those of Seba (1750).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), bearing bracts.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Created: 21 May 2018 by Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

Verified by: 21 May 2018 by Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=168541

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 December 2018.

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