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Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Polysiphonieae
Genus Polysiphonia

Pictures

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Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel
microscope, North of Portugal, Vilachá, 2006. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel
microscope, TS frond showing central axial cell, 8 pericentrals, and cortication; Spain, Galicia, Ría de Betanzos, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel
microscope, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Betanzos, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel
microscope, Spain, Galicia, A Coruña, Lorbé; tetrasporangial stichidia. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel
microscope, Spain, Galicia, A Coruña, Lorbé. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel
Kilkee, Co. Clare, Ireland; mid-shore rock pools. 25 Mar 2005. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel Kilkee, Co. Clare, Ireland; mid-shore rock pools
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel 1827: 349 (as 'brodiaei' )

Published in: Sprengel, K.[P.J.] (1827). Systema vegetabilium Editio decima sexta. Voluminis IV. Pars I. Classis 24. Vol. 4 pp. [i]-iv, [1]-592. Gottingae [Göttingen]: sumtibus Librariae Dieterichianae.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Leptosiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) A.M.Savoie & G.W.Saunders

Basionym
Conferva brodiei Dillwyn

Type information
Lectotype locality: Bantry Bay, (Co. Cork,) Ireland (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 537). Lectotype: Miss Ellen Hutchins; 24.vi.1807; BM-K (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 314). Notes: This type locality was first recorded by Womersley (1979: 497).

Eponomy
Named for James Brodie, Scottish Naturalist; generally misspelled “brodiaei”.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Grammita brodiei (Dillwyn) Bonnemaison 1828
Polyochetum brodiei (Dillwyn) Chevallier 1836
Polyostea brodiei (Dillwyn) Ruprecht 1850

Nomenclatural notes
Originally and generally misspelled as “brodiaei”; see Silva, Basson & Moe (1996: 537). Although Hollenberg (1944: 477) gave Scotland as the type locality, the figures (Dillwyn 1809, pl. 107) accompanying the original description are based on material collected by Miss Ellen Hutchins at Bantry Bay, Co. Cork, Ireland (see Womersley, 1979: 497). See Silva, Basson & Moe (1996) regarding orthography of the specific epithet (Guiry, 1997).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel)
English: Brodie's Siphon Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Cartilaginous, cylindrical, tufted, dark purple-red fronds, to 300 mm long, from small conical basal disc. Branches irregular to pseudodichotomous, densely clothed with short, slender, much-divided branchlets, forming the distinct tufts characteristic of this species. Central siphon of main axes with 6-8 primary pericentral siphons and as many alternating secondary pericentral siphons, surrounded by small corticating cells. Branchlets ecorticate, with fewer pericentral siphons, articulations about as long as broad.

Habitat
On rocks, stones, shells and corallines, mid-intertidal pools to subtidal, especially on exposed shores, generally distributed, common. According to Womersley (2003: 205), this species is usually found in or near harbour areas and may be spreading.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Polysiphonia brodiei (Dillwyn) Sprengel)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Black Sea (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Britain (Newton 1931, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981, Temniskova, Stoyneva & Kirjakov 2008), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Feldmann 1943, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque, Lauret & Riouall 1988, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Verlaque 2001, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954, Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Athanasiadis 1987, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Tsiamis & Panoytidis 2016), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cotton 1913, Guiry 1977, Pybus 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Maggs & Hommersand 1993, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012), Isla de Alborán (Conde & Flores Moya 2000), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Netherlands (Stegenga & Mol 1983, Stegenga et al. 1997), Norway (Jaasund 1965, Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Araújo et al., 2003, Araújo et al. 2009, Bárbara et al. 2012), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Miranda 1931, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Gallardo et al. 1985, Silva & Fernández 1988, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Guillermes, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1994, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Conde et al. 1996, Conde, Altamirano & Flores-Moya 1996, Cremades, Bárbara, Granja & Veiga 1997, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Valenzuela Miranda 2002, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Diaz-Tapia & Bárbara 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Diaz Tapia et al. 2011), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1944), Turkey (Europe) (Cirik, Zeybeck, Aysel & Cirik 1990, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994, Parente), Canary Islands (Viera-Rodriguez et al. 1987, Lawson et al. 1995, Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John et al. 2004), Salvage Islands (Parente et al. 2000, John et al. 2004).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Scagel et al. 1989), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989), California (CA) (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Silva 1979, Scagel et al. 1989, Stewart 1991, Miller 2012), Washington (WA) (Scagel et al. 1989).

South America: Argentina (Boraso & Zaixso 2011, Boraso de Zaixso 2013, Croce et al. 2015).

Africa: Morocco (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Moussa et al. 2018).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Iran (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Kuwait (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Al-Yamani et al. 2014), Qatar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Saudi Arabia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001, Nam & Kang 2012).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Adams 1994, Nelson 1999 , Nelson 2012), South Australia (Womersley 2003), Tasmania (Womersley 2003), Victoria (Womersley 2003).

Source of current name
Savoie, A.M. & Saunders, G.W. (2018 '2019'). A molecular assessment of species diversity and generic boundaries in the red algal tribes Polysiphonieae and Streblocladieae (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) in Canada. European Journal of Phycology 54(1): 1-25.

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Diaz-Tapia, P., Kim, M.S., Secilla, A., Bárbara, I. & Cremades, J. (2013). Taxonomic reassessment of Polysiphonia foetidissima (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) and similar species, including P. schneideri, a newly introduced species in Europe. European Journal of Phycology 48(4): 345-362.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nam, K.W. & Kang, P.J. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 4. Rhodophyta: Ceramiales: Rhodomelaceae: 18 genera including Herposiphonia. pp. [1-6], 1-178, figs 1-102. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Womersley, H.B.S. (2003). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIID Ceramiales - Delesseriaceae, Sarcomeniaceae, Rhodomelaceae. pp. [1]-533. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & State Herbarium of South Australia.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 March 2019 by Wendy Guiry

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Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 July 2019.

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