Caulerpa distichophylla Sonder
Caulerpa taxifolia var. distichophylla (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Procaccini Charaki, off the east coast of Rhodes at 15 m depth
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Caulerpa distichophylla Sonder 1845: 50
Published in: Sonder, G. (1845). Nova algarum genera et species, quas in itinere ad oras occidentales Novae Hollandiae, collegit L. Priess, Ph. Dr. Botanische Zeitung 3: 49-57.
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Caulerpa taxifolia var. distichophylla (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Procaccini
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
According to Turan et al. (2011: 380), C. distichophylla closely resembles C. taxifolia. They note that molecular data have corroborated the morphological similarities and suggest that C. distichophylla is a brittle form of C. taxifolia (Fama et al., 2002; Stam et al., 2006). - (1 Nov 2012) - Wendy Guiry
This is a marine species.
Type locality: Western Australia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 818). Holotype: Preiss; MEL 503814 (Womersley 1984: 258). Notes: According to Womersley (1984:258) the type locality is probably near Fremantle.
Source of current name
Jongma, D.N., Campo, D., Dattolo, E., D'Esposito, D., Duchi, A., Grewe, P., Huisman, J., Verlaque, M., Yokes, M.B. & Procaccini, G. (2013). Identity and origin of a slender Caulerpa taxifolia strain introduced into the Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 56(1): 27-39.
Famá, P., Wysor, B., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2002). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. Journal of Phycology 38: 1040-1050.
Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.
Turan, G., Tekogul, H., Cirik, S. & Meinesz, A. (2011). First record of the invasive green seaweed Caulerpa taxifolia (Bryopsidales) on the coast of turkey. Cryptogamie Algologie 32(4): 379-382.
Created: 16 November 1999 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 18 April 2013 by Wendy Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2257 times since it was created.
Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)
Musco, L., Andaloro, F., Mikac, B., Mirto, S., Vega Fernandez, T., & Badalamenti, F, (2014). Concern about the spread of the invader seaweed Caulerpa taxifolia var. distichophylla (Chlorophyta: Caulerpales) towards the West Mediterranean. Mediterranean Marine Science 15(3): 532-538.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=21303
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 June 2019.