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Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault

Classification:
Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Nostocophycidae
Order Nostocales
Family Rivulariaceae
Genus Calothrix

Pictures

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Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault
Tanzania. Eurico Oliveira. © Eurico Oliveira (euricodo@usp.br).

Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault
From Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler & M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon. Purchase information. Diane Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault
From Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler & M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon. Purchase information. Diane Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault
From Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler & M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon. Purchase information. Diane Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault
From Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler & M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon. Purchase information. Diane Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault
From Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler & M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon. Purchase information. Diane Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

 

Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault From Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler & M.D. Hanisak (2008) Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon. Purchase information
© Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu)

Publication details
Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault 1886: 359

Published in: Bornet, É. & Flahault, C. (1886). Revision des Nostocacées hétérocystées contenues dans les principaux herbiers de France. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Septième série 3: 323-381.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Calothrix is Calothrix confervicola C.Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Scytonematopsis crustacea (Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault) Koválik & Komárek

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Leibleinia rupestris Nägeli 1849
Lyngbya rupestris (Nägeli) P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1892

Nomenclatural notes
Thuret in Bornet & Thuret 1876; 13-16, pl. IV: figs 1-6 (INA, Silva et al., 1996: 72). - (30 Jul 2015) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Lectotype locality: Tangier, Morocco (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 72). Notes: Syntype localities: Cherbourg and Tanger (Thuret in Bornet & Thuret, 1876). The lectotype locality was first chosen by Drouet (1973: 175, 176) (Silva et al., 1996)

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Calothrix crustacea Thuret ex Bornet & Flahault)
Europe: Balearic Islands (Rodríguez y Femenías 1889, Navarro & Bellón 1945), Britain (Whitton et al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Lyle 1920), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), France (Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912), Italy (Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003, Furnari et al. 2003), Portugal (Bárbara et al. 2006, Araújo et al. 2009), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012), Spain (Sauvageau 1897, Miranda 1931, Seoane-Camba 1965, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Alvarez-Cobelas & Gallardo 1988, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Cremades, Bárbara, Granja & Veiga 1997, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Valenzuela Miranda 2002, Valenzuela Miranda 2005, Bárbara et al. 2005, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, De la Rosa Álamos 2016), Turkey (Europe) (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Frémy & Børgesen 1936, Viera-Rodriguez et al. 1987, Gil-Rodriguez, Afonso-Carrillo & Wildpret de la Torre 1987, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun et al. 2002, Herrera-López et al 2003, Aldanondo-Aristizábal, Domínguez-Alvarez & Gil-Rodríguez 2003, Haroun et al. 2003, Domínguez-Alvarez et al. 2005, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Gough Island (Chamberlain 1965), Madeira (Haroun et al. 2002), Salvage Islands (Parente et al. 2000).

North America: Florida (FL) (Taylor 1928, Dawes 1974, Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Isla Guadalupe (Setchell & Gardner 1930), Virginia (VA) (Humm 1979).

South America: Brazil (Oliveira Filho 1977, Werner 2010), Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Benin (Lawson & John 1987), Cameroon (Lawson & John 1987), Djibouti (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Egypt (Papenfuss 1968), Equatorial Guinea (Lawson & John 1987), Gambia (Lawson & John 1987), Ghana (Lawson & John 1987, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sierra Leone (Lawson & John 1987), Somalia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005), Togo (Lawson & John 1987).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Diego Garcia Atoll (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), St Paul Island (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Bahrain (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Bangladesh (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Siddiqui et al. 2009), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Gupta 2012), Israel (Papenfuss 1968), Kuwait (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Saudi Arabia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Mohamed & Al-Shehri 2015), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008 ).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Xia 2017), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), New Zealand (Chapman 1956, Broady & Merican 2012), Queensland (Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Guam (Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Marshall Islands (Dawson 1957), Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970).

Source of current name
Komárek, J. (2013). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Cyanoprokaryota: 3rd part: heterocystous genera. Vol. 19 pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-1130. Heidelberg: Springer Spektrum.

Key references
Bornet, É. & Thuret, G. (1876). Notes algologiques recueil d'observations sur les algues. Fasc. 1. pp. i-xx, 1-70, pls I-XXV. Paris: G. Masson.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Whitton, B.A. (2011). Cyanobacteria (Cyanophyta). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 31-158. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2017). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus I Cyanophyta. pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-176, pls I-IV. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 08 August 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 September 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3922 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Watanabe, M.M. & Kurogi, M. (1975). Taxonomic reexamination of the two species of blue-green algae, Calothrix scopulorum and C. crustacea. Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 88: 111-125.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 July 2019.

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