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Nitella hyalina (De Candolle) C.Agardh

Publication details
Nitella hyalina (De Candolle) C.Agardh 1824: 126

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1824). Systema algarum. pp. [i]-xxxvii, [1]-312. Lundae [Lund]: Literis Berlingianis [Berling].
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Nitella is Nitella opaca (C.Agardh ex Bruzelius) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chara hyalina De Candolle

Type information
Type locality: aux environs de Lausanne; du Mans; de Nantes (Silva 1996-to date). Type: Gay; Desportes; Hectot; (Silva 1996-to date Notes: Syntype, Lectotype [small bit in packet per R.D.Wood Sept. 14, 1956; ref. Wood 1965: 660 spec. g]: G, ex herbarium De Candolle. Lac de Grand Lieu [France, Nantes], Hscto, 1805 (Ahmadi et al., 2012: 384).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Tieffallenia Section Decandollea

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), glassy, hyaline, glassy-green.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chara hyalina De Candolle 1815

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chara longifurca Ruprecht 1845
Chara condensata Ruprecht 1845
Chara interrupta Ruprecht 1845
Nitella condensata (Ruprecht) J.H.Wallman 1853
Nitella longifurca (F.J.Ruprecht) Wallman 1853
Nitella hyalina var. oligactis A.Braun 1868
Nitella hyalina f. minor J.Vilhelm 1930
Nitella hyalina var. athanurensis D.Subramanian 1985
Nitella hyalina var. chelliammai D.Subramanian 1985
Nitella hyalina var. puduchattirensis D.Subramanian 1985
Nitella hyalina var. ramulosa Y.J.Ling, L.C.Qui & S.L.Xie 1988

Distributional notes
Thought to be extinct in the British Isles (see Bryant & Stewart, 2002: 609).

Habitat notes
mostly in ponds and lakes, from shoreline downwards to 9 m; neutral to slightly alkaline pH; tolerates drying out (Muller et al., 2017). - (1 Nov 2017) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Common names

(as Nitella hyalina (De Candolle) C.Agardh)
English: Many-branched Stonewort (Stewart & Church 1992).

Description
The plants are up to 20 cm high. The axis is to 700 m in diameter. The species is easy distinguishable from other species by the accessory branchlets which are shorter than the other branchlets. The dactyls are 2-celled. The species is monoecious. The gametangia are often enveloped in mucus. The oogonia are solitary and up to 400 m long. The antheridia are about 400 m in diameter.

Habitat
Nitella hyalina is found in freshwater and slightly brackish water. In Finland it is found in brackish water in the Gulf of Finland. The species is annual. In Finland fructification takes place between July and October, and collected plants are often richly fertile. Ripe, brown oospores are found from September onwards.

Key characteristics
Double row with branchlets

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Detailed conservation status with sources
(as Nitella hyalina (De Candolle) C.Agardh)
Extinct: (Stewart & Church 1992), (Near Threatened: (Langangen 2007)

Key references
Ahmadi, A., Sheidai, A.M., H. Riahi, H. & Van Raam, J.C. (2012). Some Charophytes (Characeae, Charophyta) from central and western of Iran including Chara kohrangiana species nova. Cryptogamie Algologie 33(4): 359-390. [in English]

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2002). Order Charales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 593-612. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Caceras,E.J. & Garcia,A. (1989). Nitella hyalina (DC.)Ag. (Characeae, Charophyta) in Argentina. Nova Hedwigia 48 (3-4): 383-390.

Cirujano, S, Cambra, J., Sánchez Castillo, P.M., Meco, A. & Flor Arnau, N. (2008). Flora ibérica algas continentales. Carófitos (Characeae). pp. [1]-132, 125 figs. Madrid: Real Jardín Botánico.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Hy, F., (1913). Les Characées de France. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 60 (Mémoires 26): 1-47, pls. I-III.

Langangen, A. (2007). Charophytes of the Nordic countries. . Oslo: Saeculum ANS.

Muller, S, D., Rhazi, L. & Soulie-Märsche, I. (2017). Diversity and distribution of Characeae in the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia). Crytogamie Algologie 38(3): 201-251.

Sakayama, H., Hara, Y., Arai, S., Sato, H. & Nozaki, H. (2004). Phylogenetic analyses of Nitella subgenus Tieffallenia (Charales, Charophyceae) using nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences. Phycologia 43: 672-681.

Sakayama, H., Miyaji, K., Nagumo, T., Kato, M., Hara, Y. & Nozaki, H. (2005). Taxonomic reexamination of 17 species of Nitella subgenus Tieffallenia (Charales, Charophyceae) based on internal morphology of the oospore wall and multiple DNA marker sequences. Journal of Phycology 41: 195-211.

Sakayama, H., Nozaki, H., Kasaki, H. & Hara, Y. (2002). Taxonomic re-examination of Nitella from Japan, based on microscopical studies of oospore wall ornamentation and rbcL gene sequences. Phycologia 41: 397-408.

Urbaniak, J. & Blazencic, J. (2012). SEM study of oospore characteristics in endemic and endangered Balkan Charophytes. Cryptogamie Algologie 33(3): 277-288.

Vouilloud, A.A., Cáceres, E.J. & Leonardi, P.I. (2010). Ultrastructure of mature male gametes of Nitella hyaline (Charale, Charophyta). Phycologia 49(5): 508-511.

Watterlot, A. & Prey, T. (2016). Inventaire des Characées sur le territoire picard (Aisne, Oise et Somme): Évaluation patrimoniale. Version No. 2, décembre 2016. pp. [1]-30, Annexe, 31-56 [Maps]. Bailleul: Centre régional de phytosociologie. Conservatoire botanique national de Bailleul.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2635 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Caceras,E.J. & Garcia,A. (1989). Nitella hyalina (DC.)Ag. (Characeae, Charophyta) in Argentina. Nova Hedwigia 48 (3-4): 383-390.
Corillion, R. (1946). Nitella hyalina (DC.) Agardh. Notes sur sa bilogie et sa distribution géographique. : 1-14.
Ray, S. (1998). Study of chromosome morphology from vegetative shoot apices of Nitella hyalina var. hyalina f. hyalina (Charophyceae). Phycologia 37: 64-66, 2 figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 April 2019.

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