154,895 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,111 images, 59,855 bibliographic items, 429,125 distributional records.

Closterium acutum var. variabile (Lemmermann) Willi Krieger

Publication details
Closterium acutum var. variabile (Lemmermann) Willi Krieger 1935: 262, pl. 13: figs 18-22

Published in: Krieger, W. (1935). Die Desmidiaceen Europas mit Berücksichtigung der aussereuropäischen Arten. Band 13. Abteilung 1, Teil 1, Lieferung 2 of Dr. Rabenhorst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. pp. 225-375, pls 9-36. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgeselschaft M.B.H..
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Closterium is Closterium lunula Ehrenberg & Hemprich ex Ralfs.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Closterium pseudospirotaenium var. variabile Lemmermann

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), acute, pointed; i.e. narrowing gradually and making an angle of less than 90° (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Closterium pseudospirotaenium var. variabile Lemmermann 1896

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Brook, A.J. & Williamson, D.B. (2010). A monograph on some British desmids. Order Zygnematales Suborder Zygonemoidiineae Family Zygnemataceae Subfamily Mesotaenioideae (Saccoderm desmids) and Suborder Closteriineae Family Peniaceae and Family Closteriaceae. Edited by J.H. Price & N.J. Evans. pp. [i-ii], iii-v [1-5], 6-364, 157 pls. London: The Ray Society.

Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Closteriineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 616-636. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Förster, K. (1982). Conjugatophyceae Zygnematales und Desmidiales (excl. Zygnemataceae). In: Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers Systematik und Biologie [Band] 8. Teil 1. Hälfte. pp. [i]-viii, [1]-543. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlangbuchhandlung (Nägele u. Obermiller). [in On shelf with series]

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

John, D.M. & Williamson, D.B. (2009). A practical guide to the desmids of the west of Ireland. pp. [i]-viii, 1-196, 49 pls, 12 col. photogr. 8 line- figs, 1 map, 3 tabs. Galway: Martin Ryan Institute.

Kanetsuna, Y. & Yamagishi, T. (eds) (2018). Desmids of southeast Asia. pp. [1]-xiv, [1]-429, VIII colour photographic pls, 44 test-figs, 94 pls. Dera Dun - 248 001 (India): Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh.

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Prescott, G.W., Croasdale, H.T. & Vinyard, W.C. (1975). A synopsis of North American desmids. Part II. Desmidiaceae: Placodermae. Sect. 1. pp. 1-275, 57 pls. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Ruzicka, J. (1977). Die Desmidiaceen Mitteleuropas. Vol. 1(1) pp. [i-]-vi, [2], [1]-291, [292]], pls 1-44. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Wei Yinxin [Wei, Y.X.] (2003). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis, Tomus VII. Chlorophyta Zygnematales Mesotaeniaceae Demidiales Desmidiaceae Sectio I. pp. 1-267, pls I-LII [1-52]. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 10 December 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1422 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Coesel, P.F.M. (1993). Poor physiological adaptation to alkaline culture conditions in Closterium acutum var. variabile, a planktonic desmid from eutrophic waters. European Journal of Phycology 28: 53-57, 4 figs, 1 table.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 March 2019.

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