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Chondracanthus corymbiferus (Kützing) Guiry

Publication details
Chondracanthus corymbiferus (Kützing) Guiry in Hommersand, Guiry, Fredericq & Leister 1993: 115

Published in: Hommersand, M.H., Guiry, M.D., Fredericq, S. & Leister, G.L. (1993). New perspectives in the taxonomy of the Gigartinaceae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 14: 105-120, 41 figs.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Chondracanthus is Chondracanthus chauvinii (Bory) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Mastocarpus corymbiferus Kützing

Type information
Type locality: In sinu Californica [Monterey, Monterey Co., California, USA; Hughey & Hommersand 2008: 143] (Kützing 1847: 24). Holotype: Dr T. Coulter; 1831-1833; L 941.27.135 (Hughey & Hommersand 2008: 143).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), bearing corymbs.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Mastocarpus corymbiferus Kützing 1847
Gigartina corymbifera (Kützing) J.Agardh 1876

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gigartina binghamiae J.Agardh 1899
Gigartina californica J.Agardh 1899

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Thalli 20-40 cm tall, crisp, yellowish-pink or pink to bluish-red, consisting of one to many blades from a stout discoid holdfast; blades 20-30 cm broad, simple, broadly obovate with a rounded apex or sometimes irregularly split or truncate, generally entire; stipe short, cylindrical, usually simple, lacking bladelets, merging gradually into a prominent coriaceous, cuneate, concavoconvex apophysis 7-19 cm long; fertile blade rounded at the apex, with the fertile portion papillate, 0.4-2.2 mm thick; cortex 6-8 cell layers thick; medullary cells variable in size and shape, 1.5-25 µm in diameter. Cystocarps 0.8-1.2 mm in diameter, usually 2-3 in corymbose papillae on margins and surfaces of the blade; carpospores subspherical, 13-17 µm in diameter. Spermatangial sori superficial, forming indefinite, irregularly anastomosing patches on the thallus surface or borne on thin, crisped triangular-shaped papillae with attenuated tips. Tetrasporangial sori 200-325 µm in diameter, in soral patches circling the base of slightly elevated, irregular to oblong mound shaped papillae; tetrasporangia 31-42 µm in diameter, in chains 6-8 cells long.

Habitat
Exposed and sheltered habitats in the low intertidal.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Hughey, J.R. & Hommersand, M.H. (2008). Morphological and molecular systematic study of Chondracanthus (Gigartinaceae, Rhodophyta) from Pacific North America. Phycologia 47: 124-155.

Schubert, N., Garcia-Mendoza, E. & Pacheco-Ruiz, I. (2006). Carotenoid composition of marine red algae. Journal of Phycology 42: 1208-1216.

Created: 10 February 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 14 September 2015 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1873 times since it was created.

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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=3525

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2018.

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