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Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Foslie) Foslie

Publication details
Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Foslie) Foslie 1900: 19

Published in: Foslie, M. (1900). Revised systematical survey of the Melobesieae. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1900(5): 1-22.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Lithophyllum is Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Lithothamnion orbiculatum Foslie

Type information
Lectotype locality: Kristiansund, Norway (Chamberlain & Irvine 1994: 84). Lectotype: Ekman, ex Herb. Areschoug (S); TRH A6-285 (Woelkerling et al. 2005: 56). Notes: Lectotype locality fide Adey & Lebednik, 1967: 21 and Woelkerling, 1993: 164 (Silva et al. 1996: 249). "Ekman; [Norway]; Kristiansund; [no habitat data]; [no date]; slide 207; ex herb. Aresch. Riksmus. Stockholm [S]; pfa: Foslie 1895a, pl. 22, fig. 10; [Note: Lectotype of Lithothamnion orbiculatum Foslie. Additional data — Chamberlain, Irvine & Waker 1991: 150, and Woelkerling 1993: 164 (who mistakenly lists collector as ‘Eckman’). Box marked ‘største stk. af ekspl. tilbagesendt Riksmus. Stholm [= largest piece of specimen returned to Riksmuseum Stockholm (S)]’. No collection date is on box, but protologue indicates sample was collected in 1855. Collection includes annotation slip from M. Lemoine dated 'iii.1984' that reads: 'the anatomy of this specimen is not like that of "Lpm. orbiculatum” as described by Adey 1966 (Hydrobiologia XXVII). Foslie’s plant is more like Lpm. incrustans Philippi’];" Woelkering et al. (2005: 56)

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), orbicular (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion orbiculatum Foslie 1895
Pseudolithophyllum orbiculatum (Foslie) Me.Lemoine 1929
Crodelia orbiculata (Foslie) Kylin 1956

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Goniolithon subtenellum Foslie 1899
Lithothamnion subtenellum (Foslie) Me.Lemoine 1915

Taxonomic notes
According to Chamberlain and Irvine, 1994, this species is a synonym of Lithophyllum crouaniorum [as crouanii] Foslie.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
Predominantly a species of mid- to higher-shore pools and gullies; found only on hard rocks; purple plants in shady places such as rock overhangs (Chamberlain et al. 1991: 161).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Chamberlain, Y.M., Irvine, L.M. & Walker, R. (1991). A redescription of Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the British Isles and a reassessment of generic delimitation in the Lithophylloideae. British Phycological Journal 26: 149-167, 43 figs, 1 table.

Figueroa, R.I., Garcés, E., Massana, R. & Camp, J. (2008). Description, Host-specificity, and Strain Selectivity of the Dinoflagellate Parasite Parvilucifera sinerae sp. nov. (Perkinzoa). Protist 153: 563-578.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Created: 17 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4776 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chamberlain, Y.M., Irvine, L.M. & Walker, R. (1988). A redescription of Lithophyllum crouanii (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the British Isles with an assessment of its relationship to L. orbiculatum. British Phycological Journal 23: 177-192.
Chamberlain, Y.M., Irvine, L.M. & Walker, R. (1991). A redescription of Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the British Isles and a reassessment of generic delimitation in the Lithophylloideae. British Phycological Journal 26: 149-167, 43 figs, 1 table.
Lemoine, Mme P. [=M.] (1929). Sur la présence de Lithophyllum orbiculatum Fosl. dans la Manche et son attributin au genre Pseudolithophyllum. Revue Algologique 4: 1-6, 2 figs, Plate I.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2018.

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