156,052 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,990 images, 60,316 bibliographic items, 443,172 distributional records.

Alexandrium affine (H.Inoue & Y.Fukuyo) Balech

Publication details
Alexandrium affine (H.Inoue & Y.Fukuyo) Balech in D.M.Anderson, A.W.White, & D.G.Baden 1995: 55

Published in: Anderson, D.M., White, A.M. & Baden, G. (1985). Toxic dinoflagellates. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Toxic Dinoflagellates, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada, June 8-12, 1985. pp. i-xv, 1-561, figs. & tables numbered by article. New York, Amsterdam, Oxford: Elsevier.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Alexandrium is Alexandrium minutum Halim.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Protogonyaulax affinis H.Inoue & Y.Fukuyo

Origin of species name
Adjective B (Latin), neighbouring, allied to, akin to (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Protogonyaulax affinis H.Inoue & Y.Fukuyo 1985

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Alexandrium fukuyoi Balech 1985

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Band-Schmidt, C.J., Lilly, E.L. & Anderson, D.M. (2003). Identification of Alexandrium affine and A. margalefii (Dinophyceae) using DNA sequencing and LSU and rDNA-based RFLP-PCR assays. Phycologia 42: 261-268.

Jeong, H.J., Kim, H.R., Kim, K.L., Kim, K.Y., Park, K.H., Kim, S.T., Yoo, Y.D., Song, J.Y., Kim, J.S., Seong, K.A., Yih, W.H., Pae, S.J., Lee, C.H., Huh, M.D. & Lee, S.H. (2002). NaOCl produced by electrolysis of natural seawater as a potential method to control marine red-tide dinoflagellates. Phycologia 41: 643-656.

Kim, K.-Y., Yoshida, M. & Kim, C.-H. (2005). Molecular phylogeny of three hitherto unreported Alexandrium species: Alexandrium hiranoi, Alexandrium leei and Alexandrium satoanum (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) inferred from the 18S and 26S rDNA sequence data. Phycologia 44: 361-368.

Kim, S. (2006). Patterns in host range for two strains of Amoebophyra (Dinophyta) infecting thecate dinoflagellates: Amoebophyra spp. ex Alexandrium affine and ex Gonyaulax polygramma (Note). Journal of Phycology 42: 1170-1173.

Kim, S., Park, M.G., Yih, W. & Coats, D.W. (2004). Infection of the bloom-forming, thecate dinoflagellates Alexandrium affine and Gonyaulax spinifera by two strains of Amoebophrya (Dinophyta). Journal of Phycology 40: 815-822, 3 figs.

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Lindberg, K., Moestrup, Ø & Daugbjerg, N. (2005). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates I: Woloszynskia coronata re-examined using light and electron microscopy and partial LSU rDNA sequences, with description of Tovellia gen. nov. and Jadwigia gen. nov. (Tovelliaceae fam. nov.). Phycologia 44: 416-440.

Liu, L. & Hastings, J.W. (2006). Novel and rapidly diverging intergenic sequences between tandem repeats of the luciferase genes in seven dinoflagellate species. Journal of Phycology 42: 96-103.

Penna, A., Fraga, S., Masó, M., Giacobbe, M.G., Bravo, I., Garcés, E., Vila, M., Bertozzini, E., Adreoni, F., Lugliè, A. & Vernesi, C. (2008). Phylogenetic relationships among the Mediterranean Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) species based on sequences of 5.8S gene and Internal Transcript Spacers of the rRNA operon. European Journal of Phycology 43(2): 163-178, 25 figs, 3 tables.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 April 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2623 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Asai, R., Nakanishi, K., Nakamura, C., Ikebukuro, K., Miyake, I. & Karube, I. (2003). A polymerase chain reaction-based ribosomal DNA detection technique using a surface plasmon resonance detector for a red tide causing microalga, Alexandrium affine. Phycological Research 51(2): 118-125.
Band-Schmidt, C.J., Lechuga-Devéze, C.H., Kulis, D.M. & Anderson, D.M. (2003). Culture studies of Alexandrium affine (Dinophyceae), a non-toxic cyst forming dinoflagellate from Bahía Concepción, Gulf of California. Botanica Marina 46: 44-54.
Band-Schmidt, C.J., Lilly, E.L. & Anderson, D.M. (2003). Identification of Alexandrium affine and A. margalefii (Dinophyceae) using DNA sequencing and LSU and rDNA-based RFLP-PCR assays. Phycologia 42: 261-268.
Kim, S. (2006). Patterns in host range for two strains of Amoebophyra (Dinophyta) infecting thecate dinoflagellates: Amoebophyra spp. ex Alexandrium affine and ex Gonyaulax polygramma (Note). Journal of Phycology 42: 1170-1173.
Kim, S., Park, M.G., Yih, W. & Coats, D.W. (2004). Infection of the bloom-forming, thecate dinoflagellates Alexandrium affine and Gonyaulax spinifera by two strains of Amoebophrya (Dinophyta). Journal of Phycology 40: 815-822, 3 figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 August 2019.

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