154,895 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,111 images, 59,855 bibliographic items, 429,125 distributional records.

Alexandrium pseudogonyaulax (Biecheler) Horiguchi ex K.Yuki & Y.Fukuyo

Publication details
Alexandrium pseudogonyaulax (Biecheler) Horiguchi ex K.Yuki & Y.Fukuyo 1992: 398

Published in: Yuki, K. & Fukuyo, Y. (1992). Alexandrium satoanum sp. nov. (Dinophyceae) from Matoya Bay, central Japan. Journal of Phycology 28: 395-399, 12 figs.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Alexandrium is Alexandrium minutum Halim.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Goniodoma pseudogonyaulax Biecheler

Type information
Type locality: Mediterranean Sea: Thau lagoon, France (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 17). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 17).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Goniodoma pseudogonyaulax Biecheler 1952
Triadinium pseudogonyaulax (Biecheleler) J.D.Dodge 1981

Usage notes
An armoured, marine, planktonic dinoflagellate. It is a toxic species found in coastal regions and brackish environments. Faust & Gulledge (2002: 17) note that this species produces a unique phycotoxin, goniodomin A (GA), it has an antifungal effect. The toxin goniodomin targets the liver and thymus. Please consult original reference for further details.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bravo, I., Garcés, E., Diogene, J., Fraga, S., Sampedro, N. & Figueroa, R.I. (2006). Resting cysts of the toxigenic dinoflagellate genus Alexandrium in recent sediments from the Western Mediterranean coast, including the first description of cysts of A. kutnerae and A. peruvianum. European Journal of Phycology 41(3): 293-302.

Ellegaard, M., Daugbjerg, N., Rochon, A., Lewis, J. & Harding, I. (2003). Morphological and LSU rDNA sequence variation wihin the Gonyaulax spinifer-Spiniferites group (Dinophyceae) and proposal of G. elongata comb. nov. and G. membranacea comb. nov. Phycologia 42(2): 151-164, 54 figs, 4 tables.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Gómez, F. (2008). Phytoplankton invasions: comments on the validity of categorizing the non-indigenous dinoflagellates and diatoms in European Seas. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56: 620-628.

Kim, K.-Y., Yoshida, M. & Kim, C.-H. (2005). Molecular phylogeny of three hitherto unreported Alexandrium species: Alexandrium hiranoi, Alexandrium leei and Alexandrium satoanum (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) inferred from the 18S and 26S rDNA sequence data. Phycologia 44: 361-368.

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Penna, A., Fraga, S., Masó, M., Giacobbe, M.G., Bravo, I., Garcés, E., Vila, M., Bertozzini, E., Adreoni, F., Lugliè, A. & Vernesi, C. (2008). Phylogenetic relationships among the Mediterranean Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) species based on sequences of 5.8S gene and Internal Transcript Spacers of the rRNA operon. European Journal of Phycology 43(2): 163-178, 25 figs, 3 tables.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Tomas, C.R., Eds (1996). Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. pp. 1-858. San Diego: Academic Press Inc.

Zmerli Triki, H., Laabir, M. & Kefi Daly-Yahia, O. (2015). Life history, excystment features, and growth characteristics of the Mediterranean harmful dinoflagellate, Alexandrium pseudogonyaulax. Journal of Phycology 51(5): 980-989.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 April 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1643 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Montresor, M. (1995). The life history of Alexandrium pseudogonyaulax (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae). Phycologia 34: 444-448, 16 figs.
Zmerli Triki, H., Laabir, M. & Kefi Daly-Yahia, O. (2015). Life history, excystment features, and growth characteristics of the Mediterranean harmful dinoflagellate, Alexandrium pseudogonyaulax. Journal of Phycology 51(5): 980-989.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 March 2019.

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