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Dinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Dinophysiales
Family Dinophysaceae
Genus Dinophysis

Pictures

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Dinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 1000x, DIC. 30 Apr 2011. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Dinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Callithamnion strictum C.Agardh

Dinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 1000x, DIC
© Karl Bruun

Publication details
Dinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann 1859: 409, pl. 20: fig. 16

Published in: Claparède, É. & Lachmann, J. (1859). Études sur les infusoires et les rhizopodes. Mémoires de l'Institut National Genevois 6: 261-482.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Dinophysis is Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Phalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & Michener

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), almost circular, with length breadth ratio of about 6 to 5 (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Cited as accepted name by Ignatiades (2012). - (11 Jun 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 32) notes this species is toxic and produces the diarrhetic shellfish poison (DSP) toxin Dinophysistoxin-1 (DTX1). Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: North Sea: Glesnesholm, Norway (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 32). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 32).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Kofoid, C.A. & Michener, J.R. (1911). Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross" from October 1904 to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding. XXII. New Genera and species of dinoflagellates. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 54(7): 265-302.

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Edvardsen, B., Shalchian-Tabrizi, K., Jakobsen, K.S., Medlin, L.K., Dahl, E., Brubak & Paasche, E. (2003). Genetic variability and molecular phylogeny of Dinophysis species (Dinophyceae) from Norwegian waters inferred from single cell analyses of rDNA. Journal of Phycology 39: 395-408.

Gómez, F., López-García, P. & Moreira, D. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of dinophysoid dinoflagellates: the systematic position of Oxyphysis oxytoxoides and the Dinophysis hastata group (Dinophysales, Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 393-406.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Handy, S.M., Bachvaroff, T.R., Timme, R.E., Coats, D.W., Kim, S. & Delwiche, C.F. (2009). Phylogeny of four dinophysiacean genera (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales) based on rDNA sequences from single cells and environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1163-1174.

Hastrup Jensen, M. & Daugbjerg, N. (2009). Molecular phylogeny of selected species of the order Dinophysiales (Dinophyceae) - testing the hypothesis of a dinophysioid radiation. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1136-1152.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2148 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=52266

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 November 2018.

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