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Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Dictyotophycidae
Order Sphacelariales
Family Stypocaulaceae
Genus Stypocaulon

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, lower intertidal, North of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, North of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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26 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Fucus fimbriatus S.G.Gmelin

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland
© M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843: 293, pl. 18: fig. II

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Stypocaulon.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Halopteris scoparia (Linnaeus) Sauvageau

Basionym
Conferva scoparia Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "in mari Europaeo" (Athanasiadis 1996: 202). Type: OXF

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), in the form of a broom; fastigiate (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sphacelaria scoparioides Lyngbye 1819
Sphacelaria spinulosa Lyngbye 1819
Sphacelaria scoparia var. aestivalis J.Agardh 1842
Sphacelaria scoparia var. hiemalis J.Agardh 1842
Sphacelaria scoparia f. aestivalis (J.Agardh) Areschoug 1850
Sphacelaria scoparia f. hiemalis (J.Agardh) Areschoug 1850
Stypocaulon scoparium var. scoparioides (Lyngbye) Holmes & Batters 1891
Stypocaulon scoparium f. spinulosum (Lyngbye) Reinke 1892
Halopteris spinulosa (Lyngbye) Sauvageau 1904
Halopteris spinulosa var. patentissima Sauvageau 1904
Stypocaulon scoparium f. petentissimum (Sauvageau) Lund 1950
Halopteris scoparia var. scoparioides (Lyngbye) Prud'homme van Reine 1978

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Sphacelaria scoparia var. disticha (Lyngb.) Lenorm., Sphacelaria scoparia var. glomerata (Kütz.) Grunow and Sphacelaria scoparia var. virgata (Kütz.) Grunow as synonyms of this species.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing)
English: Sea Flax Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Swedish: Taggtofs (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Kawai, H. (2010). A revised classification of the Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) inferred from a psbC and rbcL based phylogeny. European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 308-326.

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Sánchez, I. & Fernández, C. (2005). Impact of the invasive seaweed Sargassum muticum (Phaeophyta) on an intertidal macroalgal assemblage. Journal of Phycology 41: 923-930.

Sánchez, I., Fernández, C. & Arrontes, J. (2005). Long-term changes in the structure of intertidal assemblages following invasion by Sargassum muticum (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 942-949.

Serio, D., Alongi, G., Catra, M., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (2006). Changes in the benthic algal flora of Linosa Island (Straits of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea). Botanica Marina 49: 135-144.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae e Xanthophyceae). Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-234, pls 1-51. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Zinova, A.D. (1953). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-224. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 17754 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Novaczek, I., Breeman, A.M. & van den Hoek, C. (1989). Thermal tolerance of Stypocaulon scoparium (Phaeophyta, Sphacelariales) from eastern and western shores of the North Atlantic Ocean. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 43: 183-193.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 October 2018.

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