Alexandrium tamiyavanichii Balech
Alexandrium tamiyavanichii Balech 1994: 217, figs 1-6
Original publication: Balech, E. (1994). Three new species of the genus Alexandrium (Dinoflagellata). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 113(2): 216-220, 15 figs.
Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Named for Professor Suthichai Tamiyavanich, researcher on red tide and toxic dinoflagellates in Thailand.
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
This is a marine species.
This is an armoured, marine, planktonic dinoflaggellate. It is a producer of strong PSP toxins in the Gulf of Thailand. Faust & Gulledge (2002: 20) note that this species produces potent paralytic shellfish poison (PSP); gonyautoxins and saxitoxin. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species.
Menezes et al. (2010: 1242) detected seven paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins in the A. tamiyavanichii isolate (A1PSA) from northeast Brazil, with STX being the most important toxin for the overall cell toxicity. - (11 Feb 2011) - Wendy Guiry
Distribution by country
Type locality: Ang Sila, Tahiland (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 20). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 20).
Detailed distribution with sources
(as Alexandrium tamiyavanichii Balech)
South America: Brazil (Menezes et al. 2010).
Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Chang et al. 2012).
Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.
Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. Acta Botanica Croatica 64: 129-212.
Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.
Kim, K.-Y., Yoshida, M. & Kim, C.-H. (2005). Molecular phylogeny of three hitherto unreported Alexandrium species: Alexandrium hiranoi, Alexandrium leei and Alexandrium satoanum (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) inferred from the 18S and 26S rDNA sequence data. Phycologia 44: 361-368.
Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.
Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.
SAG Cultures may be viewed at http://sagdb.uni-goettingen.de/showstrains.php?genus=Alexandrium&species=tamiyavanichii
Cultures from the Scandinavian Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Copenhagen (SCCAP) and Protozoa may be viewed at http://www.sccap.dk/search/algaebase.asp?Genus=Alexandrium&Species=tamiyavanichii
Created: 21 January 2003 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 21 May 2013 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 911 times since it was created.
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)
Lim, P.-T., Leaw, C.-P., Usup, G., Kobiyama, A., Koike, K. & Ogata, T. (2006). Effects of light and temperature on growth, nitrate uptake, and toxin production of two tropical dinoflagellates: Alexandrium tamiyavanichii and Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 42: 786-799.
Nagai, S., Itakura, S., Matsuyama, Y. & Kotani, Y. (2003). Encystment under laboratory conditions of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamiyavanichii (Dinophyceae) isolated from the Seto Inland Sea, Japan. Phycologia 42: 646-653.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=58001
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2013. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 May 2013.
Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:43088