156,011 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,990 images, 60,295 bibliographic items, 442,406 distributional records.

Alexandrium peruvianum (Balech & Mendiola) Balech & Tangen

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gonyaulacales
Family Ostreopsidaceae
Genus Alexandrium

 

Publication details
Alexandrium peruvianum (Balech & Mendiola) Balech & Tangen 1985: 342

Published in: Balech, E. & Tangen, K. (1985). Morphology and taxonomy of toxic species in the tamarensis group (Dinophyceae): Alexandrium excavatum (Braarud) comb. nov. and Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Paulsen) comb. nov. Sarsia 70(4): 333-343, 5 figs, 1 table.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Alexandrium is Alexandrium minutum Halim.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Paulsen) Balech & Tangen

Basionym
Gonyaulax peruviana E.Balech & B.R.E. de Mendiola

Type information
Type locality: Peru: off Callao (Silva 1996-to date). not indicated: 10-25.iii.1976; (Silva 1996-to date

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Kremp, A., Tahvanainen, P., Litaker, W., Krock, B., Suikkanen, S., Leaw, C.P. & Tomas, C. (2014). Phylogenetic relationships. morphological variation, and toxin patterns in the Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Dinophyceae) complex: implications for species boundaries and identities . Journal of Phycology 50(1): 81-100.

Key references
Bravo, I., Garcés, E., Diogene, J., Fraga, S., Sampedro, N. & Figueroa, R.I. (2006). Resting cysts of the toxigenic dinoflagellate genus Alexandrium in recent sediments from the Western Mediterranean coast, including the first description of cysts of A. kutnerae and A. peruvianum. European Journal of Phycology 41(3): 293-302.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Penna, A., Fraga, S., Masó, M., Giacobbe, M.G., Bravo, I., Garcés, E., Vila, M., Bertozzini, E., Adreoni, F., Lugliè, A. & Vernesi, C. (2008). Phylogenetic relationships among the Mediterranean Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) species based on sequences of 5.8S gene and Internal Transcript Spacers of the rRNA operon. European Journal of Phycology 43(2): 163-178, 25 figs, 3 tables.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 22 May 2003 by Mairead Murphy

Verified by: 17 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1300 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bravo, I., Garcés, E., Diogene, J., Fraga, S., Sampedro, N. & Figueroa, R.I. (2006). Resting cysts of the toxigenic dinoflagellate genus Alexandrium in recent sediments from the Western Mediterranean coast, including the first description of cysts of A. kutnerae and A. peruvianum. European Journal of Phycology 41(3): 293-302.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=60091

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 August 2019.

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