154,539 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,093 images, 59,764 bibliographic items, 419,538 distributional records.

Laminaria saccharina (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux

Publication details
Laminaria saccharina (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux 1813: 42

Published in: Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1813). Essai sur les genres de la famille des thalassiophytes non articulées. Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 20: 21-47, 115-139, 267-293, pls 7-13.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Laminaria is Laminaria digitata (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C.E.Lane, C.Mayes, Druehl & G.W.Saunders

Fucus saccharinus Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: Atlantic Ocean (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 904).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), sugary (Stearn 1973).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Laminaria saccharina (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux)
Chinese: Hai Dai, Kouanpon, Hai-Houan, Yan Tsai, Chai Tai, Hai Tai, Kunpu (Madlener 1977).

English: Sea belt, Poor man's weather glass (Duddington 1966), Sweet Wrack, Sugar Wrack, Sugar Tang, Oarweed, Tangle, Kelp, Sugar Sea Belt, Sweet Tangle (Madlener 1977), Sugarwrack (Rhoads & Zunic 1978), Zuckertang (Braune 2008).

French: Laminaire sucrée (Boisvert 1984).

Gaeilge: Rufaí, Ribíní (Brennan 1950), Rufa, Láin (Anonymous 1978), Cupóg na gCloch, Lásaí Fruill, Réaban, Madraí, Madraí rua (Anon. 2000).

German: See-Palme (Braune 2008).

Japanese: Karafuto Kombu, Karafuto Tororo Kombu, Kan-Hoa (Madlener 1977).

Portuguese: Rabeiro (Oliveira, 1990).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
sugar kelp {Eng}; broadleaf kelp {Eng}; laminaire saccharine {Fr}; zuckertang {Ger}; sea belts {Eng}; "tangle, sweet"; "kelp, sugar"; "kelp, broadleaf"; "wrack, sugar"; "belts, sea"

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Lane, C.E., Mayes, C., Druehl, L.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2006). A multi-gene molecular investigation of the kelp (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) supports substantial taxonomic re-organization. Journal of Phycology 42: 493-512.

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Druehl, L.D., Collins, J.D., Lane, C.E. & Saunders, G.W. (2005). An evaluation of methods used to assess intergeneric hybridization in kelp using Pacific Laminariales (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41: 250-262.

McHugh, D.J. (2003). A guide to the seaweed industry. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 441: x + 105, 64 figs.

Zinova, A.D. (1953). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-224. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 July 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 16426 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Amat, M.A. & Srivastava, L.M. (1985). Note: Translocation of Iodine in Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 21: 330-333, 4 figs, 1 table.
Axelsson, L., Mercado, J.M. & Figueroa, F.L. (2000). Utilization of HCO3- at high pH by the brown macroalga Laminaria saccharina. European Journal of Phycology 35: 53-59, 4 figs, 2 tables.
Boden, G.T. (1979). The effect of depth on summer growth of Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta, Laminariales). Phycologia 18: 405-408, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Brinkhuis, B. H., Mariani, E. C., Breda, V. A. & Brady-Campbell, M. M. (1984). Cultivation of Laminaria saccharina in the New York Marine Biomass Program. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 11: 266-271.
Brinkhuis, B.H., Breda, V.A., Tobin, S. & Macler, B.A. (1983). New York marine biomass program-culture of Laminaria saccharina. J. World Maricult. Soc. 14: 360-379.
Burrows, E.M. & Pybus, C. (1971). Laminaria saccharina and marine pollution in north-east England. Marine Pollution Bulletin 2: 53-56.
Burrows, E.M. (1961). Experimental ecology with particular reference to the ecology of Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. Recent Advances in Botany : 187-189.
Chapman, A.R.O., Markham, J.W. & Lüning, K. (1978). Effects of nitrate concentration on the growth and physiology of Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta) in culture. Journal of Phycology 14: 195-198, 5 figs, 1 table.
Chung, I.K., Brinkhuis, B.H. & Schidlovsky, G. (1988). Investigations on elemental analysis in Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour.. Korean Journal of Phycology 3(2): 147-163, 15 figs, 4 tables.
Chung, I.K., Ledbetter, M.C. & Brinkhuis, B.H. (1987). Fine structure of Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. The Korean Journal of Phycology 2(2): 147-171, 10 plates.
Conolly, N.J. & Drew, E.A. (1985). Physiology of Laminaria III. Effect of a coastal eutrophication gradient on seasonal patterns of growth and tissue composition in L. digitata Lamour. and L. saccharina (L.) Lamour.. Mar. Ecol. 6: 181-195.
Cremades, J., S. Baamonde, J.M.Salinas & T.C.Fuertes (2007). Nuevo método para el cultivo industrial de Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) en las costas gallegas. : XI Congreso Nacional de Acuicultura:559-562.
Davison, I.R. & Davison, J.O. (1987). The effect of growth temperature on enzyme activities in the brown alga Laminaria saccharina. British Phycological Journal 22: 77-87.
Davison, I.R. (1987). Adaptation of photosynthesis in Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta) to changes in growth temperature. Journal of Phycology 23: 273-283, 9 figs, 2 tables.
Davison, I.R., Jordan, T.L., Fegley, J.C. & Grobe, C.W. (2007). Response of Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta) growth and photosynthesis to simultaneous ultraviolet radiation and nitrogen limitation. Journal of Phycology 43: 636-646.
Druehl, L.D. & Kaneko, T. (1973). On Laminaria saccharina from Hokkaido. Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 86: 323-326.
Dunton, K.H. (1985). Growth of dark-exposed Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. and Laminaria solidungula J. Ag. (Laminariales: Phaeophyta) in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 94: 181-189.
Garbary, D.J. & Clarke, B. (2002). Intraplant variation in nuclear DNA content in Laminaria saccharina and Alaria esculenta (Phaeophyceae). Botanica Marina 45: 211-216.
Gerard, V. A., DuBois, K. & Greene, R. (1987). Growth responses of two Laminaria saccharina populations to envioronmental variation. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 12: 229-232.
Gerard, V.A. & Driscoll, T. (1996). A spectrophotometric assay for Rubisco activity: application to the kelp Laminaria saccharina and implications for radiometric assays. Journal of Phycology 32: 880-884, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Gerard, V.A. & Du Bois, K.R. (1988). Temperature ecotypes near the southern boundary of the kelp Laminaria saccharina. Marine Biology, Berlin 97: 575-580.
Gerard, V.A. (1987). Hydrodynamic streamlining of Laminaria saccharina Lamour. in response to mechanical stress. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 107: 237-244.
Gerard, V.A. (1988). Ecotypic differentiation in light-harvesting traits of the kelp Laminaria saccharina. Marine Biology, Berlin 97: 25-36.
Gerard, V.A. (1990). Ecotypic differentiation in the kelp Laminaria saccharina: phase-specific adaptation in a complex life cycle. Marine Biology 107(3): 519-528.
Gerard, V.A. (1997). The role of nitrogen nutrition in high-temperature tolerance of the kelp, Laminaria saccharina (Chromophyta). Journal of Phycology 33: 800-810, 8 figs, 4 tables.
Grevby, C., Axelsson, L. & Sundqvist, C. (1989). Light-independent plastid differentiation in the brown alga Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 28: 375-384.
Hagen Rødde, R.S. & Larsen, B. (1997). Protoplasts of Laminaria digitata and Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta) - Cultivation and Biosynthesis of Alginate. Botanica Marina 40: 391-395.
Haglund, K., Ramazanov, Z., Mtolera, M. & Pedersén, M. (1992). Role of external carbonic anhydrase in light dependant ankalisation by Fucus serratus L. and Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. (Phaeophyta). Planta 188: 1-6.
Han, T. & Kain (Jones), J.M. (1993). Note: Blue light photoreactivation in ultraviolet-irradiated young sporophytes of Alaria esculenta and Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 29: 79 -81, 3 figs, 1 table.
Hanelt, D., Wiencke, C., Karsten, U. & Nultsch, W. (1997). Photoinhibition and recovery after high light stress in different developmental and life-history stages of Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 33: 387-395, 8 figs, 1 table.
Heesch, S. & Peters, A.F. (1999). Scanning electron microscopy observation of host entry by two brown algae endophytic in Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Phycological Research 47: 1-6.
Henley, W.J. & Dunton, K.H. (1995). A seasonal comparison of carbon, nitrogen, and pigment content in Laminaria solidungula and L. saccharina (Phaeophyta) in the Alaskan Arctic. Journal of Phycology 31: 325-331, 5 figs.
Hsiao, S.I. & Druehl, L.D. (1973). Environmental control of gametogenesis in Laminaria saccharina. II. Correlation of nitrate and phosphate concentrations with gametogenesis and selected metabolites. Canadian Journal of Botany 51: 829-839.
Hsiao, S.I.C. & Druehl, L.D. (1971). Environmental control of gametogenesis in Laminaria saccharina. I. The effects of light and culture media. Canadian Journal of Botany 49: 1503-1508.
Hsiao, S.I.C. & Druehl, L.D. (1973). Environmental control of gametogenesis in Laminaria saccharina. III. The effects of different iodine concentrations, and chloride and iodide ratios. Canadian Journal of Botany 51: 989-997.
Hsiao, S.I.C. & Druehl, L.D. (1973). Environmental control of gametogenesis in Laminaria saccharina. IV. In situ development of gametophytes and young sporophytes. Journal of Phycology 9: 160-164.
Indergaard, M., Skjakbraek, G. & Jensen, A. (1990). Studies on the influence of nutrients on the composition and structure of alginate in Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). BOTAN MARIN 33(3): 277-288.
Indergaard, M., Skjåk-Braek, G. & Jensen, A. (1990). Studies on the influence of nutrients on the composition and structure of alginate in Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Botanica Marina 33: 277-288.
Íñiguez, C., Carmona, R., Lorenzo, M.R., Niell, F.X., Wiencke, C. & Gordillo, F.J.L. (2016). Increased temperature, rather than elevated CO2, modulates the carbon assimilation of the Artic kelps Saccharina latissima and Laminaria solidungula. Marine Biology 163(12): 248-266.
Izquierdo, J.L., Navarro, M.J. & Gallardo, T. (1993). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica. IV. Laminaria ochroleuca Pylaie, L. hyperborea (Gunner) Foslie y L. saccharina (L.) Lamour. (Laminariales, Fucophyceae). Bot. Complutensis 18: 291-304.
Jordan, P., Kloareg, B. & Vilter, H. (1991). Detection of vanadate-dependent bromoperoxidases in protoplasts from the brown algae Laminaria digitata and L. saccharina. Journal of Plant Physiology 137(5): 520-524.
L'Hardy, J.-P. (1962). Observations sur le peuplement épiphyte des lames de Laminaria saccharina (Linné) Lamouroux en Baie de Morlaix (Finistère). Cahiers de Biologie Marine 3: 115-127.
Lee, J.-A. & Brinkhuis, B.H. (1986). Reproductive phenology of Laminaria saccharina (L.)Lamour. (Phaeophyta) at the southern limit of its distribution in the northwestern Atlantic. Journal of Phycology 22: 276-285.
Lee, J.A. & Brinkhuis, B.H. (1988). Seasonal light and temperature effects on development of Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta) gametophytes and juvenile sporophytes. Journal of Phycology 24: 181-191.
Lee, T.F. (1985). Aposporous gametophyte formation in stipe explants from Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta). Botanica Marina 28: 179-185.
Liu, Y.-S., Li, L.-H., Wu, W.-K. & Zhou, Z.-G. (2009). A scar molecular marker specifically related to the female gametophytes of Saccharina (Laminaria) japonica (Phaeophyta) (Note). Journal of Phycology 45(4): 894-897.
Longtin, C.M. & Saunders, G.W. (2015). On the utility of mucilage ducts as a taxonomic character in Laminaria and Saccharina (Phaeophyceae) - the conundrum of S. groenlandica. Phycologia 54(5): 440-450.
Lüning, K. & Dring, M.J. (1972). Reproduction induced by blue light in female gametophytes of Laminaria saccharina. Planta 104: 252-256.
Lüning, K. & Markham, J.W. (1979). Morphogenetic responses of Laminaria saccharina sporophytes to red and blue light. British Phycological Journal 14: 125-126.
Lüning, K. (1975). Crossing experiments in Laminaria saccharina from Helgoland and from the Isle of Man. Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen 27: 108-114.
Lüning, K. (1981). Egg release in gametophytes of Laminaria saccharina: induction by darkness and inhibition by blue light and uv. British Phycolgical Journal 16: 379-393.
Lüning, K. (1988). Photoperiodic control of sorus formation in the brown alga Laminaria saccharina. Marine Ecology Progress Series 45: 137-144.
Makarov, M.V. & Voskoboinikov, G.M. (2001). The influence of Ultraviolet-B radiation on spore release and growth of the kelp Laminaria saccharina. Botanica Marina 44: 89-94.
Markham, J.W., Lüning, K. & Sperling, K.-L. (1979). Automatic culture systems for growing Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyceae) and testing the effects of pollutants. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 9: 153-159.
Meijer, A.J.M. (1984). Literatuurstudie aan Laminaria saccharina. Bureau Waardenburg Bv : 1-107.
Oliveira, L., Walker, D.C. & Bisalputra, T. (1980). Ultrastructural, cytochemical, and enzymatic studies on the adhesive "plaques" of the brown algae Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. and Nereocystis luetkeana (Nert.) Post. et Rupr.. Protoplasma 104: 1-15.
Parke, M. (1948). Studies on Britiish Laminariaceae. 1. Growth in Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour.. Journ. mar. biol. Assoc. U.K. 27: 651-709.
Pedersén, M. (1983). Ultrastructural localization of bromine and iodine in the stipes of Laminaria digitata (Huds.) Lamour., Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. and Laminaria hyperborea (Gunn.) Fosl.. Botanica Marina 26: 113-118.
Pérez-Ruzafa, I., Izquierdo, J.L., Araújo, R., Sousa-Pinto, I., Pereira, L. & Bárbara, I. (2003). Distribution maps of marine algae from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. XVII. Laminaria rodriguezii Bornet and aditions to the distribution maps of L. hyperborea (Gunner.) Foslie, L. ochroleuca Bach. pyl. and L. saccharina (L.) Lamour. (Laminariales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 27: 155-164.
Peteiro, C. & Freire, Ó. (2009). Effect of outplanting time on the commercial cultivation of the kelp Laminaria saccharina at the southern limit in the Atlantic Coast (N.W. Spain). Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 27: 54-60.
Peteiro, C., Salinas, J.M., Freire, Ó. & Fuertes, C. (2006). Cultivation of the autoctonous seaweed Laminaria saccharina off the Galician coast (NW): production and features of the sporophytes for an annual and biennial harvest. Thalassas 22: 45-52.
Peters, A. F. & Schaffelke, B. (1996). Streblonema (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae) infection in the kelp Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) in the western Baltic. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 111-116.
Peters, A.F. & Schaffelke, B. (1996). Streblonema (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae) infection in the kelp Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) in the western Baltic. Hydrobiologia 326/327: 111-116, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Salinas, J.M., Cremades, J., Peteiro, C. & Fuertes, C. (2006). Influencia de las características del hilo de semilla en el cultivo industrial de Undaria pinnatifida y Laminaria saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyta). Boletín del Instituto Español de Oceanografía 22: 65-72.
Schaffelke, B., Peters, A. F. & Reusch, T. B. H. (1996). Factors influencing depth distribution of soft bottom inhabiting Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. in Kiel Bay, Western Baltic. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 117-123.
Schaffelke, B., Peters, A.F. & Reusch, T.B.H. (1996). Factors influencing depth distribution of soft bottom inhabiting Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. in Kiel Bay, Western Baltic. Hydrobiologia 326/327: 117-123, 2 figs, 1 table.
Schatz, S. (1984). Degredation of Laminaria saccharina by saprobic fungi. Mycologia 76: 426-432.
Sjøtun, K. (1993). Seasonal lamina growth in two age groups of Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. in Western Norway. Botanica Marina 36: 433-441, 9 figs, 2 tables.
Wheeler, W.N. & Weidner, M. (1983). Effects of external inorganic nitrogen concentration on metabolism, growth and activities of key carbon and nitrogen assimilatory enzymes of Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyceae) in culture. Journal of Phycology 19: 91-96, 7 figs.
Williams, S.L. & Herbert, S.K. (1989). Transient photosynthetic responses of nitrogen-deprived Petalonia fascia and Laminaria saccharina (Phaeophyta) to ammonium resupply. Journal of Phycology 25: 515-522.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 February 2019.

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