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Polysiphonia subtilissima Montagne

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Polysiphonieae
Genus Polysiphonia

Pictures

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Polysiphonia subtilissima Montagne
recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Detalle de las ramas y cistocarpo. Foto: Ángel Moreira.

 

Achnanthes lanceolata var. dubia Grunow

Polysiphonia subtilissima Montagne recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Detalle de las ramas y cistocarpo. Foto: Ángel Moreira
©

Publication details
Polysiphonia subtilissima Montagne 1840: 199

Published in: Montagne, C. (1840). Seconde centurie de plantes cellulaires exotiques nouvelles. Décades I et II. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Seconde Série 13: 193-207, pls 5, 6.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), most slender, very delicate, or precise.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Neosiphonia subtilissima (Montagne) M.S.Kim & I.K.Lee 1999

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Polysiphonia subtilissima var. westpointensis Harvey 1853
Polysiphonia angustissima Kützing 1864

Taxonomic notes
?Polysiphonia abscissa Hooker & Harvey 1845a: 266 (Womersley 2003: 178). - (28 Jan 2009) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
This species is included as a "freshwater" alga in Kumano (2002: 324) as it is known in the USA to occur 170 km upstream from the drainage basin mouth and 140 km from tidal influence, and as such is the only Polysiphonia known in a truly freshwater habitat. Harvey (1853: 35) described a var. westpointensis based on plants collected at West Point on the Hudson River, 60 miles from the sea, and collected by Prof. J.W. Bailey (in herb. TCD). It is also known from brackish habitats in Jamaica, the Greater Antilles and in Central America. - (15 Sep 2007) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Habitat
Usually occurs in sheltered bays in shallow water or just intertidal (Womersley 2003: 180).

Type information
Type locality: Cayenne, French Guiana (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 546). Holotype: Herb. Montagne, PC (Womersley 2003: 178). Notes: Isotype in BM.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Dawson, E.Y., Acleto, O.C. & Foldvik, N. (1964). The seaweeds of Peru. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 13: 1-111, 81 pls.

Lam, D.W., Garcia-Fernández, M.E., Aboal, M. & Vis, M.L. (2013). Polysiphonia subtilissima (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) from freshwater habitats in North America and Europe is confirmed as conspecific with marine collections. Phycologia 52(2): 156-160.

Mamoozadeh, N.R. & Freshwater, D.W. (2012). Polysiphonia sensu lato (Ceramiales, Florideophyceae) species of Caribbean Panama including Polysiphonia lobophoralis sp. nov. and Polysiphonia nuda sp. nov.. Botanica Marina 55(4): 317-347.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nam, K.W. & Kang, P.J. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 4. Rhodophyta: Ceramiales: Rhodomelaceae: 18 genera including Herposiphonia. pp. [1-6], 1-178, figs 1-102. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Sheath, R.G. & Cole, K.M. (1990). Batrachospermum heterocorticum sp. nov. and Polysiphonia subtilissima (Rhodophyta) from Florida spring-fed streams. Journal of Phycology 26(3): 563-568.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Womersley, H.B.S. (2003). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIID Ceramiales - Delesseriaceae, Sarcomeniaceae, Rhodomelaceae. pp. [1]-533. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & State Herbarium of South Australia.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2011). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. VII Ceramiales Rhodomelaceae. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-212, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 04 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 05 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5711 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Lam, D.W., Garcia-Fernández, M.E., Aboal, M. & Vis, M.L. (2013). Polysiphonia subtilissima (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) from freshwater habitats in North America and Europe is confirmed as conspecific with marine collections. Phycologia 52(2): 156-160.
Sheath, R.G. & Cole, K.M. (1990). Batrachospermum heterocorticum sp. nov. and Polysiphonia subtilissima (Rhodophyta) from Florida spring-fed streams. Journal of Phycology 26(3): 563-568.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 June 2019.

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