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Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Polysiphonieae
Genus Polysiphonia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
over Ascophyllum nodosum, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
Red-cyan anaglyph. Intertidal zone, Loch na Keal, Isle of Mull, Scotland.. 15 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk,com).

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
Red-cyan anaglyph. Intertidal zone, Loch na Keal, Isle of Mull, Scotland.. 15 Jul 2012. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk,com).

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; on Fucus. 22 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org).

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
microscope, cystocarps and tetrasporangia on same frond; Spain, Galicia, Ría de Coruña. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
microscope, Cystocarp and tetrasporangia in the same plant, Spain, Galicia, A coruña ría, Oza, 2002. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
middle intertidal on Ascophyllum nodosum, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Coruña, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
Spiddal Pier, Co. Galway, Ireland; epiphytic on Ascophyllum nodosum. 29 Mar 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy
Spiddal Pier, Co. Galway, Ireland; epiphytic on Ascophyllum nodosum. 29 Mar 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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16 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Fucus lendigerus Linnaeus

Vertebrata lanosa (Linnaeus) T.A.Christensen Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; on Fucus
© M.D. Guiry (michael.guiry@algaebase.org)

Publication details
Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy 1931: 226

Published in: Tandy, G. (1931). Notes on phycological nomenclature. J. Bot. 69: 225-227.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Polysiphonia is Polysiphonia urceolata (Lightfoot ex Dillwyn) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Vertebrata lanosa (Linnaeus) T.A.Christensen

Basionym
Fucus lanosus Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: ‘In Oceano Islandico’ (Iceland) Holotype: LINN 1274.23 (

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Usage notes
High antioxidative activity; strong cytotoxity against human cancer cell lines (Zubia et al. 2009). - (24 Mar 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Polysiphonia lanosa (Linnaeus) Tandy)
English: Wrack Siphon Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Cartilaginous, cylindrical, densely tufted, dark brown fronds, to 75 mm long, attached by creeping rhizoids with branches penetrating host plant. Repeatedly pseudodichotomously branched, apices pointed, widely forked. Large central siphon with 12-24 pericentral siphons, ecorticate, articulations shorter than broad.

Habitat
Hemiparasitic on Ascophyllum nodosum, more rarely on Fucus vesiculosus, never directly on rock (appearances can be deceptive) sheltered mid-tidal, generally distributed, usually abundant where Ascophyllum occurs.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Christensen, T. (1967). Two new families and some new names and combinations in the algae. Blumea 15: 91-94.

Key references
Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Vinogradova, K.L. (2011). The order Ceramiales (Rhodophyta) in the flora of the Arctic Ocean. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 96(6): 681-695.

Zuccarello, G.C., Moon, D. & Goff, L.J. (2004). A phylogenetic study of parasitic genera placed in the family Choreocolacaceae (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 40: 937-945, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 August 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10960 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chopin, T., Marquis, P.A. & Belyea, E.P. (1996). Seasonal dynamics of phosphorus and nitrogen contents in the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum (L) Le Jolis, and its associated species Polysiphonia lanosa (L.) Tandy and Pilayella littoralis (L.) Kjellman, from the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Botanica Marina 39: 543-552.
Citharel, J. (1972). Polysiphonia lanosa (L.) Tandy est-il un simple épiphyte?. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D 274: 1904-1906.
Garbary, D.J., Burke, J. & Lining, T. (1991). The Ascophyllum/Polysiphonia/Mycosphaerella symbiosis. II. Aspects of the ecology and distribution of Polysiphonia lanosa in Nova Scotia. Botanica Marina 34: 391-401.
Harlin, M.M. & Craigie, J.S. (1975). The distribution of photosynthate in Ascophyllum nodosum as it relates to epiphytic Polysiphonia lanosa. Journal of Phycology 11: 109-113.
Hodgkin, J.H., Craigie, J.S. & McInnes, A.G. (1966). A novel brominated phenolic derivative from Polysiphonia lanosa. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 5: 279 only.
Kaczmarska, I. & Dowe, L.L. (1997). Reproductive biology of the red algae Polysiphonia lanosa (Ceramiales) in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Marine Biology, Berlin 128: 695-703, 5 figs, 1 table.
Kim, M.S., Lee, I.K. & Guiry, M.D. (2002). Vegetative and reproductive morphology of Polysiphonia lanosa (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) from Ireland. Botanica Marina 45: 293-302.
Lining, T. & Garbary, D.J. (1992). The Ascophyllum / Polysiphonia / Mycosphaerella symbiosis. III. Experimental studies on the interactions between P. lanosa and A. nodosum. Botanica Marina 35: 341-349, 17 figs, 3 tables.
Lobban, C.S. & Baxter, D.M. (1983). Distribution of the red algal epiphyte Polysiphonia lanosa on its brown algal host Ascophyllum nodosum in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Botanica Marina 26: 533-538.
Pearson, G.A. & Evans, L.V. (1989). Polysiphonia lanosa-basiphyte inter-relationships. British Phycological Journal 24: 310-311.
Pearson, G.A. & Evans, L.V. (1990). Settlement and survival of Polysiphonia lanosa (Ceramiales) spores on Ascophyllum nodosum and Fucus vesiculosus (Fucales).. Journal of Phycology 26: 597-603.
Pearson, G.A. & Evans, L.V. (1991). Stimulation of secondary rhizoid production in Polysiphonia lanosa by brown algal tissues and exudates. British Phycological Journal 26: 93-94.
Penot, M. (1974). Ionic exchange between tissue of Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis and Polysiphonia lanosa (L.) Tandy. Zeits. Pflanzenphysiol. 73: 125-131.
Rawlence, D.J. & Taylor, A.R.A. (1970). The rhizoids of Polysiphonia lanosa. Canadian Journal of Botany 48: 607-611.
Rawlence, D.J. & Taylor, A.R.A. (1972). A light and electron microscopic study of rhizoid development in Polysiphonia lanosa (L.) Tandy. Journal of Phycology 8: 15-24.
Rawlence, D.J. (1972). An ultrastructural study of the relationship between rhizoids of Polysiphonia lanosa (L.) Tandy (Rhodophyceae) and tissue of Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis (Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 11: 279-290.
Reed, R.H. (1984). The effects of extreme hyposaline stress upon Polysiphonia lanosa (L.) Tandy from marine and estuarine sites.. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 76(2): 131-144.
Sieburth, J.M. & Tootle, J.L. (1981). Seasonality of microbial fouling on Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Lejol., Fucus vesiculosus L., Polysiphonia lanosa (L.) Tandy and Chondrus crispus Stackh. Journal of Phycology 17: 57-64.
Turner, C.H.C. & Evans, L.V. (1977). Physiological studies on the relationship between Ascophyllumn nodosum and Polysiphonia lanosa. New Phytologist 79: 363-371.
Turner, C.H.C. & Evans, L.V. (1978). Translocation of photoassimilated 14C in the red alga Polysiphonia lanosa. British Phycological Journal 13: 51-55.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 12 December 2018.

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