153,303 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,952 images, 59,280 bibliographic items, 409,170 distributional records.

Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Peridiniales
Family Peridiniaceae
Genus Peridinium


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Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg
Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK. BF image.. 29 Feb 2008. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk,com).

Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg
Kingston, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x, DIC. 31 May 2008.

Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg
Kingston, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x, DIC. 30 May 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).


Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg Kingston, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x, DIC

Publication details
Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg 1832: 74

Published in: Ehrenberg, C.G. (1832). Über die Entwickelung und Lebensdauer der Infusionsthiere; nebst ferneren Beiträgen zu einer Vergleichung ihrer organischen Systeme. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Physikalische Klasse 1831: 1-154, pls I-IV.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Peridinium.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Vorticella cincta O.F.Müller

Origin of species name
Participle A (Latin), encircled, girdled, enclosed (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Vorticella cincta O.F.Müller 1773

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Peridinium westii var. aureolatum Lemmermann
Peridinium westii Lemmermann 1905
Peridinium meandricum Brehm 1907
Peridinium cinctum var. lemmermannii West 1909
Peridinium tabulatum var. meandrica Lauterborn 1910
Peridinium cinctum var. laesum Lindemann 1918
Peridinium germanicum Lindemann 1918
Peridinium eximium Lindemann 1918
Peridinium cinctum var. regulatum Lindemann 1918
Peridinium cinctum var. irregulatum Lindemann 1918
Peridinium cinctum var. angulatum Lindemann 1918
Peridinium cinctum f. ovoplanum Lindemann 1918
Peridinium tuberosum Meunier 1919
Peridinium rhenanum Lindemann 1919
Peridinium cinctum var. carinatum Steinecke & Lindemann 1923
Peridinium cinctum f. westii (Lemmermann) Lefèvre 1926
Peridinium cinctum f. regulatum (Lindemann) Lefèvre 1932
Peridinium cinctum f. angulatum (Lindemann) Lefèvre 1932
Peridinium cinctum f. tuberosum (Meunier) Lefèvre 1932
Peridinium cinctum f. irregulatum (Lindemann) Lefèvre 1932

Nomenclatural notes
Popovsky & Pfiester (1990: 168) list this species with the authorities Peridinium cinctum Ehrenberg 1938. In the same work (p. 201) the name is also recorded with the authority 'Penard 1891’ as being a synonym of Peridiniopsis penardii (Lemmermann) Bourrelly 1968.

INA notes "Basionym: 'Trichoda cincta O.F. Müller'; err. cit. for Vorticella cincta O.F. Müller 1773." But the combination is still valid as this is merely a "lapsus". - (26 Sep 2014) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Carty, S. (2014). Freshwater dinoflagellates of North America. pp. [i]-viii, [2], [1]-260, 153 figs. Ithaca & London: Comstock Publishing Associates. A division of Cornell University Press.

Dillard, G.E. (2007). Freshwater algae of the southeastern United States Part 8. Chrysophyceae, Xanthophyceae, Cryptophyceae and Dinophyceae. Bibliotheca Phycologica 112: [i-vi], 1-127, 22 pls.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lindberg, K., Moestrup, Ø & Daugbjerg, N. (2005). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates I: Woloszynskia coronata re-examined using light and electron microscopy and partial LSU rDNA sequences, with description of Tovellia gen. nov. and Jadwigia gen. nov. (Tovelliaceae fam. nov.). Phycologia 44: 416-440.

Popovsky, J. & Pfiester, L.A. (1990). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Vol. 6. Dinophyceae (Dinoflagellida). pp. 1-272. Jena & Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.

Schiller, J. (1935). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. X. Band, 3. Abt. 2 Teil. ( Eds), pp. 1-320. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H..

Schilling, A.J. (1913). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 3. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [1]-iv, 1-66. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Sournia, A. (1986). Atlas du phytoplancton marin. Volume I: Cyanophycées, Dictyophycées, Dinophycées, Raphidophycées. pp. [1]-219. Paris: Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 15, quai Anatole France - 75700 Paris.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Thompson, R.H. (1947). Fresh-water dinoflagellates of Maryland. Contributions from the Chesapeake Biological Laboratory 67: 3-24.

Culture Centre for Algae and Protozoa (CCAP) cultures
Strain Number 1140/1 Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg
Go to CCAP Site

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 11792 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Berdach, J.T. (1977). In situ preservation of the transverse flagellum of Peridinium cinctum (Dinophyceae) for scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Phycology 13: 243-251.
Berman, T. & Roth, I.L. (1979). The flagella of Peridinium cinctum fa. westii: in situ fixation and observation by scanning electron microscopy. Phycologia 18: 307-311, 12 figs.
Calado, A.J., Hansen, G. & Moestrup, Ø. (1999). Architecture of the flagellar apparatus and related structures in the type species of Peridinium, P. cinctum (Dinophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 34: 179-191, 57 figs.
Chapman, A.D. & Pfiester, L.A. (1995). Note: The effects of temperature, irradiance, and nitrogen on the encystment and growth of the freshwater dinoflagellates Peridinium cinctum and P. willei in culture (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 31: 355-359, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Dürr, G. (1979). Elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen am Panzer von Dinoflagellaten II. Peridinium cinctum. Archiv für Protistenkunde 122: 88-120.
Dürr, G. (1979). Elektronenmikroskopische untersuchungen am panzer von dinoflagellaten III. Die zyste von Peridinium cinctum. Archiv für Protistenkunde 122: 121-139.
Elgavish, A., Elgavish, G.A., Halmann, M. & Berman, T. (1980). Phosphorus utilization and storage in batch cultures of the dinoflagellate Peridinium cinctum f. westii. Journal of Phycology 16: 626-633, 8 figs, 4 tables.
Elgavish, A., Halmann, M. & Berman, T. (1982). A comparative study of phosphorus utilization and storage in batch culture of Peridinium cinctum, Pediastrum duplex and Cosmarium sp., from Lake Kinneret (Israel). Phycologia 21: 47-54.
Evens, T.J. & Niedz, R.P. (2010). Quantification of nutrient-replete growth rates in five-ion hyperspace for Chlorella vulgaris (Trebouxiophyceae) and Peridinium cinctum (Dinophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 247-257.
Lindström, K. (1984). Effect of temperature, light and pH on growth, photosynthesis and respiration of the dinoflagellate Peridinium cinctum fa. westii in laboratory cultures. Journal of Phycology 20: 212-220, 8 figs, 4 tables.
Messer, G. & Ben-Shaul, Y. (1972). Changes in chloroplast structure during culture growth of Peridinium cinctum Fa. westii (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 11: 291-300, 9 figs, 1 table.
Pfiester, L.A. & Carty, S. (1985). Note: UTEX 1336: Peridinium cinctum or Peridinium volzii (Dinophyceae)?. Journal of Phycology 21: 509-511, 6 figs.
Pfiester, L.A. & Skvarla, J.J. (1980). Comparative ultrastructure of vegetative and sexual thecae of Peridinium limbatum and Peridinium cinctum (Dinophyceae). American Journal of Botany 67: 955-958.
Pfiester, L.A. (1975). Sexual reproduction of Peridinium cinctum f. ovoplanum (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 11: 259-265.
Pollingher, U. & Serruya, C. (1976). Phased division of Peridinium cinctum f. westii (Dinophyceae) and development of the Lake Kinneret (Israel) bloom.. Journal of Phycology 12: 162-170, 6 figs, 3 tables.
Pollingher, U. & Zemel, E. (1981). In situ and experimental evidence of the influence of turbulence on cell division processes of Peridinium cinctum forma westii (Lemm.) Lefèvre. British Phycological Journal 16: 281-287, 4 tables.
Spector, D.L., Pfiester, L.A. & Triemer, R.E. (1981). Ultrastructure of the dinoflagellate Peridinium cinctum f. ovoplanum. II. Light and electron microscopic observations on fertilization. American Journal of Botany 68: 34-43.
Wynne, D. & Berman, T. (1980). Hot water extractable phosphorus-an indicator of nutritional status of Peridinium cinctum (Dinophyceae) from Lake Kinneret (Israel)?. Journal of Phycology 16: 40-46, 3 figs, 4 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 October 2018.

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