153,226 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,952 images, 59,248 bibliographic items, 409,098 distributional records.

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithophyllaceae
Subfamily Lithophylloideae
Tribe Lithophylleae
Genus Lithophyllum

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Muigh Inis, Co. Galway; intertidal lagoon. 13 Jul 2018. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 18 Apr 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 03 Apr 2011. M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie). © M.D. Guiry.

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Spanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland; mid-intedtidal pools with the Black Sea Urchin Paracentrotus lividus. 04 Aug 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi
Mediterranean. Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

 

Amphiprora lata Greville

Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi Muigh Inis, Co. Galway; intertidal lagoon
© M.D. Guiry

Publication details
Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi 1837: 388

Published in: Philippi, R.A. (1837). Beweis, dass die Nulliporen Pflanzen sind. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 3: 387-393, figs 2-6, pl. IX.

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Lithophyllum.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion incrustans (Philippi) Foslie 1895
Hyperantherella incrustans (Philippi) Heydrich 1901
Crodelia incrustans (Philippi) Heydrich 1911

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Spongites confluens Kützing 1841
Lithothamnion polymorphum f. confluens (Kützing) Vinassa 1892

Taxonomic notes
Ballantine et al. (2011) consider the northern European (France, Britain, Ireland) records of this species to belong to a different species (L. bathyporum). - (14 Jul 2011) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Rhodoliths in subtidal maerl beds (to 27 m depth); crusts subtidal and epilithic, epizoic on dead or live molluscs, or epiphytic on Laminaria hyperborea; rarely in the lower intertidal on Atlantic coast (Hernandez-Kantun et al., 2015). - (8 Oct 2015) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Thick, dull chalky, yellowish, pink or lavender calcareous crusts forming irregular concretions, to 40 mm thick, margins ridged where crusts meet.

Habitat
On rock, lower intertidal semi-exposed and exposed pools, subtidal to 30 m., south-west coasts to Orkney Islands, common, especially in shallow subtidal. On the W and SW coasts of Ireland, this species is frequently associated with intertidal populations of the purple sea-urchin Paracentrotus lividus, the pink encrustations of the alga contrast beautifully with the purples and greens of the urchins, which frequently dominate exposed shore limestones.

Type information
Type locality: Sicily, Mediterranean (Philippi 1837: 388). Lectotype: on a snail shell. LD 943.10.34 (Woelkerling 1983: 315, figs 15-23). Notes:

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Ballantine, D.L., Athanasiadis, A. & Ruiz, H. (2011). Notes on the benthic marine algae of Puerto Rico. X. Additions to the flora. Botanica Marina 54(3): 293-302.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Bressan, G. & Babbini, L. (2003). Biodiversità marina delle coste Italiane: Corallinales del Mar Mediterraneo: guida all deteminazione. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 10(Suppl. 2): 1-237.

Chamberlain, Y.M. & Irvine, L.M. (1994). Lithophylloideae Setchell. In: Seaweeds of the British Isles...Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 2B. Corallinales, Hildenbrandiales. (Irvine, L.M. & Chamberlain, Y.M. Eds), pp. 58-112. London: HMSO.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Hernandez-Kantun, J.J., Rindi, F., Adey, W.H., Heesch, S., Peña, V., Le Gall, L. & Gabrielson, P.W. (2015). Sequencing type material resolves the identitiy and distribution of the generitype Lithophyllum incrustans, and related European species L. hibernicum and L. bathyporum (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 51(4): 791-807.

Hernández-Kantún, J.J., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Hall-Spencer, J.M., Peña, V., Maggs, C.A. & Rindi, F. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of rhodolith formation in the Corallinales (Rhodophyte). European Journal of Phycology 50(1): 46-61.

Hernández-Kantún, J.J., Riosmena-Rodriguez, R., Hall-Spencer, J.M., Peña, V., Maggs, C.A. & Rindi, F. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of rhodolith formation in the Corallinales (Rhodophyte). European Journal of Phycology 50(1): 46-61.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Sonder, O.G. (1848). [Algae]. In: Plantae Preissianae sive enumeratio plantarum quas in Australasia occidentali et meridionali-occidentali annis 1838-1841 collegit Ludovicus Preiss. (Lehmann, C. Eds) Vol. 2, pp. 161-195. Hamburgi [Hamburg]: sumptibus Meissneri.

Woelkerling, W.J. (1983). A taxonomic reassessment of Lithophyllum (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) based on studies of R.A. Philippi's original collections. British Phycological Journal 18(3): 299-328.

Woelkerling, W.J., Gustavsen, G., Myklebost, H.E., Prestø, T., Såstad, S.M. (2005). The coralline red algal herbarium of Mikael Foslie: revised catalogue with analyses. Gunneria 77: 1-625.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 19854 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bailey, J.C. (1999). Phylogenetic positions of Lithophyllum incrustans and Titanoderma pustulatum (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) based on 18S rRNA gene sequence analyses, with a revised classification of the Lithophylloideae. Phycologia 38: 208-216, 2 figs, 4 tables.
Cabioch, J. (1969). Persistance de stades juvéniles et possibilité d'une néoténie chez Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D 268: 497-500.
Edyvean, R.G.J. & Ford, H. (1984). Population biology of the crustose red alga Lithophyllum incrustans Phil. 2. A comparison of populations from three areas of Britain. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 23: 353-363.
Edyvean, R.G.J. & Ford, H. (1984). Population biology of the crustose red alga Lithophyllum incrustans Phil. 3. The effects of local environmental variables. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 23: 365-374.
Edyvean, R.G.J. & Ford, H. (1986). Spore production by Lithophyllum incrustans (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) in the British Isles. British Phycological Journal 21: 255-261.
Edyvean, R.G.J. & Ford, H. (1987). Growth rates of Lithophyllum incrustans (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) from south west Wales. British Phycological Journal 22: 139-146.
Edyvean, R.G.J. & Moss, B.L. (1984). Conceptacle development in Lithophyllum incrustans Philippi (Rhodophyta, Corallinaceae). Botanica Marina 27: 391-400.
Edyvean, R.G.J., Ford, A.D. & Hardy, F.G. (1983). Population biology and reproduction of Lithophyllum incrustans, (Rhodophyta: Lithophyllaceae) on the north east coast of Britain. British Phycological Journal 18: 202.
Edyvean, R.G.J., Ford, H. & Rands, G. (1985). Reproduction of Lithophyllum incrustans in the British Isles. British Phycological Journal 20: 184.
Ford, H., Hardy, F.G. & Edyvean, R.G.J. (1983). Population biology of the crustose red alga Lithophyllum incrustans Phil. Three populations on the east coast of Britain. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 19: 211-220.
Hernández-Kantún, J., Rindi, F., Adey, W.H., Heesch, S., Peña, V., Le Gall, L. & Gabrielson, P.W. (2015). What is Lithophyllum incrustans (Corallinales, Rhodophyta)? Phylogenetic characterization of the generitype of a species-rich genus based on sequencing the type specimen. Journal of Phycology 51: 791-807.
Hernandez-Kantun, J.J., Rindi, F., Adey, W.H., Heesch, S., Peña, V., Le Gall, L. & Gabrielson, P.W. (2015). Sequencing type material resolves the identitiy and distribution of the generitype Lithophyllum incrustans, and related European species L. hibernicum and L. bathyporum (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 51(4): 791-807.
Heydrich, F. (1911). Lithophyllum incrustans Phil. mit einem Nachtrag über Paraspora fruticulosa (Ktz.) Heydrich. Bibliotheca Botanica 18(75): 1-24, 2 plates.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 October 2018.

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