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Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault

Classification:
Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Nostocophycidae
Order Nostocales
Family Aphanizomenonaceae
Genus Aphanizomenon

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Barton-under-Needwood Quarry, South Staffordshire, UK.. 27 Aug 2014. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com).

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Nevada, USA: 1000x, DIC. 20 Jun 2013. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Pitsford Water, Northampton, UK. BF image.. 05 Sep 2008. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Showing heterocyst. BF image.. 05 Sep 2008. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; golf course, 100x DIC. 05 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x, DIC. 05 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x, DIC. 05 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x, PC. 03 Jul 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Bremerton, Washington, USA; Kitsap Lake, 400x, DIC. 07 Feb 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x DIC. 03 Jul 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; golf course, 1000x, PC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault 1886: 241 (as 'Flos-aquae' )

Published in: Bornet, É. & Flahault, C. (1886 '1888'). Revision des Nostocacées hétérocystées contenues dans les principaux herbiers de France (quatrième et dernier fragment). Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Septième Série 7: 177-262.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Aphanizomenon.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Byssus flos-aquae Linnaeus 1753
Conferva flosaquae (Linnaeus) Roth 1806
Oscillatoria flosaquae (Linnaeus) C.Agardh 1812
Nostoc flosaquae (Linnaeus) Lyngbye 1819
Nostoc papyraceum S.F.Gray 1821
Sphaerozyga flosaquae (Linnaeus) Corda 1836
Limnochlide flosaquae (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843
Micraloa flosaquae (Linnaeus) Trevisan 1845
Trichormus flosaquae (Linnaeus) Ralfs 1850
Aphanizomenon cyaneum Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault 1888
Aphanizomenon holtsaticum Richter 1891
Aphanizomenon americanum E.G.Reinhard 1896

Nomenclatural notes
Leghari et al. (2005: 204) cite the authority as (Lemm.) Ralfs. - (28 May 2007) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Nostoc flosaquae (Linnaeus) Lyngbye)
Europe: Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

(as Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (Whitton et al. 2003, Dean & Sigee 2006, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Czech Republic (Hasler, Handák & Handákova 2007, Gadea et al. 2013, Gadea et al. 2013), Denmark (Nielsen 2002), France (O'Brien et al 2006, Willame et al 2006, Anon. 2017), Germany (Mauch & Schmedtje 2003, Täuscher 2011, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016), Greece (Gkelis et al. 2016), Hungary (Horváth et al. 2013), Ireland (Adams 1908), Lithuania (Vitenaite 2001), Netherlands (O'Brien et al 2006, Veen et al. 2015), Poland (Kokocinski et al. 2010), Portugal (Leao et al. 2009), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Russia (Europe) (Stenina & Patova 2007, Patova 2014, Komulaynen 2018), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Alvarez-Cobelas & Gallardo 1988, Aboal 1996, Aboal & Puig 2005, Carrasco et al. 2007, Pérez, Maidana & Comas 2009), Sweden (Skuja 1948, Karlsson-Elfgren & Brunberg 2004), Turkey (Europe) (Aysel 2005, Ersanli & Gönülol 2006), Ukraine (Berezovskaya 2019).

North America: Arkansas (AR) (Smith 2010), Great Lakes (Prescott 1962), Minnesota (MN) (Hill 1972), Northwest Territories (Sheath & Steinman 1982), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995), Tennessee (TN) (Johansen et al. 2007).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012), Iraq (Maulood et al. 2013), Israel (Vinogradova et al. 2000, Barinova & Tavassi 2009, Barinova, Tavassi & Glassman 2009), Pakistan (Leghari et al. 2005).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006, Wu et al. 2010, Wang et al. 2013), Japan (Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977), Russia (Bessudova et al. 2014 ), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2015, Barinova & Niyatbekov 2018), Turkey (Asia) (Varol & Sen 2014).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Broady & Merican 2012), Queensland (Day et al. 1995, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010).

Key references
Dean, A.P. & Sigee, D.C. (2006). Molecular heterogeneity in Aphanizomenon flos-aquae and Anabaena flos-aquae (Cyanophyta): a synchrotron-based Fourier-transform infrared study of lake micropopulations. European Journal of Phycology 41: 201-212.

Desikachary, T.V. (1959). Cyanophyta. pp. [i]-x, [1]-686, pls 1-139. New Delhi: Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Karlsson-Elfgren, I. & Brunberg, A.-K. (2004). The importance of shallow sediments in the recruitment of Anabaena and Aphanizomenon (Cyanophyceae). Journal of Phycology 40: 831-836, 2 figs.

Komárek, J. (2013). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Cyanoprokaryota: 3rd part: heterocystous genera. Vol. 19 pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-1130. Heidelberg: Springer Spektrum.

Leghari, M.K., Qureshi, R.M., Mashiatullah, A., Yaqoob, N. & Javed, T. (2005). Harmful algal species from various freshwater localities of Pakistan. Int. J. Phycol. Phycochem. 1(2): 199-206.

O'Brien, H.E., Miadlikowska, J. & Lutzoni, F. (2006). Assessing host specialization in symbiotic cyanobacteria associated with four closely related species of the lichen fungus Peltigera. European Journal of Phycology 40: 363-378.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Thomazeau, S., Houdan-Fourmont, A., Couté, A., Duval, C., Couloux, A., Rousseau, F. & Bernard, C. (2010). The contribution of sub-Saharan African strains to the phylogeny of cyanobacteria: focusing on the Nostacaceae (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 46(3): 564-579.

Whitton, B.A. (2011). Cyanobacteria (Cyanophyta). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 31-158. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Willame, R., Boutte, C., Grubisic, S., Wilmotte, A., Komarek, J. & Hoffmann, L. (2006). Morphological and molecular characterization of planktonic cyanobacteria from Belgium and Luxembourg. Journal of Phycology 42: 1312-1332.

Wu, Z., Shi, J., Lin, S. & Li, R. (2010). Unraveling molecular diversity and phylogeny of Aphanizomenon (Nostocales, Cyanobacteria) strains isolated from China . Journal of Phycology 46(5): 1048-1058.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 November 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 12299 times since it was created.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 August 2019.

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