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Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Noctilucophyceae
Order Noctilucales
Family Noctilucaceae
Genus Noctiluca

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy
Seattle, Washington, USA; Puget Sound, Ferry. 16 Jun 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, Palmer-Maloney, 100x, DIC. 30 May 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Eagle Harbor Marina, Lugol's, 100x, DIC. 22 Mar 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 100x, DIC. 22 Jul 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 100x, DIC. 21 Jul 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy
Left: Stained in Lugol's Iodine showing the striations which emanate from the nucleus. Right: Stained in Rose of Bengal, showing the prominent tentacle characteristic of the species.. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy
Note the root-like tentacle characteristic of the large species.. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy Left: Stained in Lugol's Iodine showing the striations which emanate from the nucleus. Right: Stained in Rose of Bengal, showing the prominent tentacle characteristic of the species.
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy 1921: 407, figs KK: 1-6

Published in: Kofoid, C.A. & Swezy, O. (1921). The free-living unarmored Dinoflagellata. Memoirs of the University of California 5: i-viii, 1-562.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Noctiluca is Noctiluca miliaris Suriray.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Medusa scintillans Macartney

Type information
Type locality: Herne Bay, Kent, England (Macartney 1810: 264). Notes: "I first met with these animals in the month of October 1804, at Herne Bay, a small watering place upon the northern coast of Kent."

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Medusa scintillans Macartney 1810

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Medusa marina Slabber 1771
Noctiluca miliaris Suriray 1816
Mammaria scintillans Ehrenberg 1834
Noctiluca marina Ehrenberg 1834
Noctiluca punctata Busch 1851
Noctiluca omogenea Giglioli 1870
Noctiluca pacifica Giglioli 1870

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 47) notes toxic blooms of this species have been linked to large fish and marine invertebrate kills. This species does not produce a toxin, it is found to accumulate toxic levels of ammonia which is excreted into the surrounding waters. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Escobar-Morales, S. & Hernández-Becerril, D.U. (2015). Free-living marine planktonic unarmoured dinoflagellates from the Gulf of Mexico and the Mexican Pacific. Botanica Marina 58(1): 9-22.

Gárate-Lizárraga, I. (2014). Unarmored dinoflagellates present during a bloom of Ceratoperidinium falcatum in Bahía de La Paz, Gulf of California. Dinoflagelados desnudos presentes durante un florecimiento de Ceratoperidinium falcatum en Bahía de La Paz, Golfo de California. Revista de Biologia Marina y Oceanografia 49: 577-587.

Gómez, F., Moreira, D., López-García, P. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of noctilucoid dinoflagellates (Noctilucales, Dinophyta). Protist 161: 466-478.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Harlow, L.D., Koutoulis, A. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2007). S-adenosylmethionine synthetase genes from eleven marine dinoflagellates. Phycologia 46: 46-53.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216.

Liu, X.-J. & Wong, C.K. (2006). Seasonal and spatial dynamics of Noctiluca scintillans in a semi-enclosed bay in the northeastern part of Hong Kong. Botanica Marina 49: 145-150.

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. (1976). Check-list of British marine algae - third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56: 527-594.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 12051 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Afzelius, B.A. (1963). The nucleus of Noctiluca scintillans. Aspects of nucleocytoplasmic exchanges and the formation of nuclear membrane. Journal of Cell Biology 19: 229-238.
Escalera, L., Pazos, Y., Moroño, A. & Reguera, B. (2007). Noctiluca scintillans may act as a vector of toxigenic microalgae. Harmful Algae 6: 317-320.
Liu, X.-J. & Wong, C.K. (2006). Seasonal and spatial dynamics of Noctiluca scintillans in a semi-enclosed bay in the northeastern part of Hong Kong. Botanica Marina 49: 145-150.
Sriwoon, R., Pholpunthin, P., Lirdwitayaprasit, T., Kishino, M. & Furuya, K. (2008). Population dynamics of green Noctiluca scintillans (Dinophyceae) associated with the monsoon cycle in the upper Gulf of Thailand. Journal of Phycology 44: 605-615.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2018.

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