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Closterium lunula Ehrenberg & Hemprich ex Ralfs

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Conjugatophyceae (Zygnematophyceae)
Order Desmidiales
Family Closteriaceae
Genus Closterium


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Closterium lunula Ehrenberg & Hemprich ex Ralfs
Washington state, USA: Alpine lake, 400x, DIC. 07 Dec 2012. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Closterium lunula Ehrenberg & Hemprich ex Ralfs
Kelly Hall Tarn, Cumbria, UK. 10 Oct 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Closterium lunula Ehrenberg & Hemprich ex Ralfs
Detail of apex. Kelly Hall Tarn, Cumbria, UK. 10 Oct 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).


Schizosiphon fucicola Kützing

Washington state, USA: Alpine lake, 400x, DIC 07 Dec 2012. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Publication details
Closterium lunula Ehrenberg & Hemprich ex Ralfs 1848: 163, pl. XXVII [27]: fig. 1

Published in: Ralfs, J. (1848). The British Desmidieae. pp. [i]-xxii, [i], [1]-226, pls I-XXXV. London: Reeve, Benham & Reeve.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Closterium.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), diminutive of luna, moon (Brown 1956).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Echinella radiosa Acharius
Closterium affine F.Gay
Closterium lunula var. coloratum G.A.Klebs 1879
Closterium lunula f. minus West & G.S.West 1904
Closterium lunula f. coloratum (G.A.Klebs) Kossinskaja 1951

Taxonomic notes
Combination also proposed by Leiblein in Flora [Quito]. 10:259. 1827. - (29 Jul 2015) - Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Type information
Syntype localities: Various in Britain, Germany, France, U.S.A. and Mexico

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Echinella radiosa Acharius)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Closterium affine F.Gay)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

(as Closterium lunula Ehrenberg & Hemprich ex Ralfs)
Arctic: Ellesmere Island (Croasdale 1973 ).

Europe: Austria (Lenzenweger 1996), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Britain (Brook & Johnson 2002, Whitton et al. 2003, Brook & Williamson 2010, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), Czech Republic (Stastny 2010, Petra Mazalová, Jana ), France (Kouwets 1999, Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova et al. 2011), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016, Paul, Stastny & Doege 2017), Ireland (John, Williamson & Guiry 2011), Italy (Abdelahad et al. 2003, Abdelahad et al. 2003), Latvia (Skuja 1928), Netherlands (Coesel 1983, Veen et al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Russia (Europe) (Stenina & Patova 2007), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Slovenia (Vrhovsek et al. 2006), Spain (Aboal & Llimona 1984a, Aboal & Llimona 1984b, Aboal 1991, Aboal 1996), Sweden (Skuja 1948), Turkey (Europe) (Sahín 2005, Aysel 2005).

North America: Alaska (Saunders 1901), Arkansas (Akin & Meyer 1996, Smith 2010), North Carolina (Fucikova et al. 2008), Northwest Territories (Sheath & Steinman 1982), Québec (Irénée-Marie 1939, Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995), Tennessee (Johansen et al. 2007).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985), Brazil (Araújo et al. 2010, Freitas & Loverde-Oliveira 2013).

Africa: Ghana (Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Sudan (Reinhold 1937), Zaire (Golama Swana Kaketa 1996).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Ahmed et al. 2008), India (Gupta 2012, Das & Keshri 2016), Iran (Afsharzadeh et al. 2003), Iraq (Maulood et al. 2013, Maulood et al. 2013, Maulood et al. 2013).

Asia: Japan (Hinode 1959), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2016, Barinova & Niyatbekov 2018), Turkey (Asia) (Varol & Sen 2014).

Australia and New Zealand: New South Wales (Day et al. 1995), New Zealand (Broady et al. 2012), Tasmania (Day et al. 1995), Victoria (Day et al. 1995).

(as Closterium lunula var. coloratum G.A.Klebs)
Europe: Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016, Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

North America: Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995).

(as Closterium lunula f. minus West & G.S.West)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

North America: Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995).

South-west Asia: India (Das & Keshri 2016).

(as Closterium lunula f. coloratum (G.A.Klebs) Kossinskaja)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

Key references
Brook, A.J. & Williamson, D.B. (2010). A monograph on some British desmids. Order Zygnematales Suborder Zygonemoidiineae Family Zygnemataceae Subfamily Mesotaenioideae (Saccoderm desmids) and Suborder Closteriineae Family Peniaceae and Family Closteriaceae. Edited by J.H. Price & N.J. Evans. pp. [i-ii], iii-v [1-5], 6-364, 157 pls. London: The Ray Society.

Brook, A.J., Williamson, D.B. & John, D.M. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Suborder Closteriineae. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 616-636. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coesel, P.F.M. & Meesters, K.[J.] (2007). Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidaceae of the European Lowlands. pp. [1]-351, 20 text-figs, 123 pls. Zeist: KNNV Publishing.

Croasdale, H.T. & Flint, E.A. (1986). Flora of New Zealand. Freshwater algae, Chlorophyta, Desmids. Vol. 1 pp. i-xii, 1-133, 27 pls. Wellington: V.R. Ward, Government Printer.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

Kouwets, F.A.C. (1999). A check-list of desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnemaphyceae) of France. Patrimoines Natureles 41: 1-148.

Martello, G.V (2006). Alcune desmidiee della zona di Caldenave e della Val d'Inferno - Massiccio montuoso dei Lagorai (Trento). Informatore Botanico Italiano 38(2): 513-536.

Martello, G.V. (2004). Le Desmidiée (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) dei "Sette Laghi"nel massiccio montuoso dei Lagorai: ecologia e distribuzione in relazione all'acidita delle acque. Natura Vicentina 8: 5-32.

Nitzsch (1816). Beitrag zur Infusorien-Kunde oder Naturbeschreibung der Zerkarien und Bazillarien. Neu Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Halle, Dritter Band, Heft I : 1-128.

Petlovany, O.A. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Desmidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-448. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Prescott, G.W., Croasdale, H.T. & Vinyard, W.C. (1975). A synopsis of North American desmids. Part II. Desmidiaceae: Placodermae. Sect. 1. pp. 1-275, 57 pls. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Ruzicka, J. (1977). Die Desmidiaceen Mitteleuropas. Vol. 1(1) pp. [i-]-vi, [2], [1]-291, [292]], pls 1-44. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Wei Yinxin [Wei, Y.X.] (2003). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis, Tomus VII. Chlorophyta Zygnematales Mesotaeniaceae Demidiales Desmidiaceae Sectio I. pp. 1-267, pls I-LII [1-52]. Beijing: Science Press.

West, W. & West, G.S. (1904). A monograph of the British Desmidiaceae. I. pp. [i]-xxxvi, [1]-224, pl. 1-32. London: The Ray Society.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 21 December 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7140 times since it was created.

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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Brook, A.J. & Williamson, D.B. (1985). Needle-like inclusions in the terminal vacuoles of Closterium lunula (Müll.) Nitzsch. Microscopy. Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club 35: 226-233.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 June 2018.

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