152,348 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,729 images, 58,839 bibliographic items, 390,213 distributional records.

Plocamium violaceum Farlow

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Plocamiales
Family Plocamiaceae
Genus Plocamium


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Plocamium violaceum Farlow
Northern California. 09 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Plocamium violaceum Farlow
Panama. In situ bushy feather-like clusters. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Plocamium violaceum Farlow
Panama. Habit showing flattened repeatedly alternate branching pattern. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Plocamium violaceum Farlow
Panama. Two rows of tetrasporangia developing in ultimate branchlet. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Plocamium violaceum Farlow
Panama. Branch apex showing series of 3–4 unilaterally incurved; lowermost unbranched branch. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).


Prasiola antarctica Kützing

Plocamium violaceum Farlow Panama. Two rows of tetrasporangia developing in ultimate branchlet

Publication details
Plocamium violaceum Farlow 1877: 240, no fig.

Published in: Farlow, W.G. (1877). On some algae new to the United States. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 12: 235-245.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Plocamium is Plocamium vulgare J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), violet, refers to the blue-red colours nearer blue (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Plocamium tenue Kylin 1925

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Syntype localities: Santa Cruz and San Diego, California, U.S.A (Farlow 1877: 240). Notes: Santa Cruz chosen as lectotype locality by Smith (1944: 265).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Plocamium violaceum Farlow)
North America: Alaska (Scagel et al. 1989), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989, Saunders & Lehmkuhl 2005), California (Silva 1979, Scagel et al. 1989, Stewart 1991, Miller 2012, Augyte & Shaughnessy 2014 ), Oregon (Hansen 1997), Washington (Scagel et al. 1989).

Central America: Panama (Fernández-García et al. 2011).

South America: Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

(as Plocamium tenue Kylin)
North America: Alaska (Lindstrom 1977).

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Created: 14 April 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 25 August 2008 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2026 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Crews, P., Campbell, L. & Heron, E. (1977). Different chemical types of Plocamium violaceum (Rhodophyta) from the Montery Bay region, California. Journal of Phycology 13: 297-301, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=J74f762d69247911c

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 July 2018.

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