155,542 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 21,916 images, 60,163 bibliographic items, 438,693 distributional records.

Skeletonema costatum (Greville) Cleve

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Mediophyceae
Subclass Thalassiosirophycidae
Order Thalassiosirales
Family Skeletonemataceae
Genus Skeletonema

Pictures

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Skeletonema costatum (Greville) Cleve
Kingston, Washington, USA; Ferry terminal outside the breakwater, 1000x, DIC. 11 Feb 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Skeletonema costatum (Greville) Cleve
Spring conditions showing ladder-like structure caused by cells joining at the tips of a ring of processes from the valve.. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Fucus repens Lightfoot

Skeletonema costatum (Greville) Cleve Kingston, Washington, USA; Ferry terminal outside the breakwater, 1000x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Skeletonema costatum (Greville) Cleve 1873: 7

Published in: Cleve, P.T. (1873). Examination of diatoms found on the surface of the Sea of Java. Bihang till Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1(11): 1-13, 3 pls.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Skeletonema.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Melosira costata Greville

Type information
Type locality: Hong Kong Bay (Zingone et al. 2005: 143). Holotype: Fig. 4, B, D, F and G (epitype) NHM (Greville collection) Slide BM 4501 (Zingone et al. 2005: 143). Notes: Lectotype: MF coordinates 26/31 in slide BM 4501. NHM =BM.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), ribbed, having one or more primary veins or ridges (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Melosira costata Greville 1866

Usage notes
Harmful species

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Emended by Zingone & Sarno (2005: 143).

Type information
Type locality: Hong Kong Bay (Zingone et al. 2005: 143). Holotype: Fig. 4, B, D, F, and G (epitype) BM Slide BM 4501 (Zingone et al. 2005: 143). Notes: Holotype: Slide BM 4501, Greville collection in the NHM. Lectotype: MF coordinates 26/31 in slide BM 4501.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Gu, H., Zhang, X., Sun, J. & Luo.Z. (2012). Diversity and seasonal occurrence of Skeletonema (Bacillariophyta) species in Xiamen Harbour and surrounding seas, China. Cryptogamie Algologie 33(3): 245-263.

Guo Yujie [Kuo, Y.C., Guo, Y.C.] (2003). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum. Tomus V. Bacillariophyta No. I. Centricae. pp. [1]-493. Beijing: Science Press.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Hevia-Orube, J., Orive, E. David, H., Laza-Martinez, A. & Seone, S. (2016). Skeletonema species in a temperate estuary: a morphological, molecular and physiological approach. Diatom Research 31(3): 185-197.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Zingone, A., Percopo, I., Sims, P.A. & Sarno, D. (2005). Diversity in the genus Skeletonema (Bacillariophyceae): I. A reexamination of they type material of S. costatum with the description of S. grevillei sp. nov.. Journal of Phycology 41: 140-150.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 November 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 27482 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Cabello-Pasini, A., Smith, G.J. & Alberte, R.S. (2000). Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase from the Marine Diatom Skeletonema costatum and the Phaeophyte Laminaria setchellii. I. Isolation and Biochemical Characterization. Botanica Marina 43: 559-568.
Cabello-Pasini, A., Swift, H., Smith, G.J. & Alberte, R.S. (2001). Phosphoenolypyruvate carboxykinase from the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum and the Phaeophyte Laminaria setchellii. ll. Immunological characterization and subcellular localization. Botanica Marina 44: 199-207.
Castellvi, J. (1969). Long polar fibres of Skeletonema costatum (Grev.) Cleve. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 6: 85-88.
Chen, G-F., Wang, G-C, Zhang, B-Y. & Fan, X-L. (2007). Morphological and phylogenetic analysis of Skeletonema costatum-like diatoms (Bacillariophyta) from the China Sea. European Journal of Phycology 42(2): 163-175, 36 Figs, 4 tables.
Cloutier-Mantha, L. & Harrison, P.J. (1980). Effects of sublethal concentrations of mercuric chloride on ammonium limited Skeletonema costatum. Marine Biology, Berlin 56: 219-231.
Cosper, E. (1982). Effects of variations in light intensity on the efficiency of growth of Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae) in a cyclostat. Journal of Phycology 18: 360-368, 6 figs, 1 table.
Davis, C.O. (1976). Continuous culture of marine diatoms under silicate limitation. II. Effect of light intensity on growth and nutrient uptake of Skeletonema costatum. Journal of Phycology 12: 291-300, 8 figs, 6 tables.
Davis, C.O., Harrison, P.J. & Dugdale, R.C. (1973). Continuous culture of marine diatoms under silicate limitation I. Synchronized life cycle of Skeletonema costatum. Journal of Phycology 9: 175-180, 5 figs, 3 tables.
Droop, M.R. (1962). On cultivating Skeletonema costatum: some problems. Deut. Bot. Ges., N. F. 1: 77-82.
Eppley, R.W., Rogers, J.N., McCarthy, J.J. & Sournia, A. (1971). Light/dark periodicity in nitrogen assimilation of the marine phytoplankters Skeletonema costatum and Coccolithus huxleyi in N-limited chemostat culture. Journal of Phycology 7: 150-154, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Falkowski, P.G. & Rivkin, R.B. (1976). The role of glutamine sythetase in the incorporation of ammonium in Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 12: 448-450, 1 fig, 1 table.
Falkowski, P.G. (1975). Nitrate uptake in marine phytoplankton: (nitrate, chloride)-activated adenosine triphosphatase from Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 11: 323-326, 3 figs, 1 table.
Gallagher, J.C. (1980). Population genetics of Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae) in Narragansett Bay. Journal of Phycology 16: 464-474, 3 figs, 5 tables.
Gallagher, J.C. (1982). Physiological variation and electrophoretic banding patterns of genetically different seasonal populations of Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 18: 148-162, 9 figs, 6 tables.
Gallagher, J.C. (1983). Note: Cell enlargement in Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 19: 539-542, 2 figs.
Gao, G., Gao, K. & Giordano, M. (2009). Responses to solar UV radiation of the diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophceae) grown at different Zn2+ concentrations. Journal of Phycology 45: 119-129.
Granum, E. & Myklestad, S.M. (1999). Effects of NH4+ assimilation on dark carbon fixation and ß-1,3-glucan metabolism in the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 35: 1191-1199.
Granum, E. & Myklestad, S.M. (2001). Mobilization of ß-1,3 glucan and biosynthesis of amino acids induced by NH4+ addition to N-limited cells of the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillarionphyceae). Journal of Phycology 37: 772-782.
Guiheneuf, F., Mimouni, V., Ulmann, L. & Tremblin, G. (2008). Environmental factors affecting growth and omega 3 fatty acid composition in Skeletonema costatum. The influences of irradiance and carbon source. Diatom Research 23(1): 93-103.
Joint, I.R., Pomroy, A.J., Robinson, G.A., Morris, R.J. & McCartney, M.J. (1987). Morphological changes in Skeletonema costatum (Bacilariophyceae) during a spring bloom in a marine ecosystem enclosure. British Phycological Journal 22: 119-124.
Kogure, K., Simidu, U. & Taga, N. (1979). Effect of Skeletonema costatum (Grev.) Cleve on the growth of marine bacteria. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 36: 201-215.
Lawrenz, E. & Richardson, T.L. (2017). Differential effects of changes in spectral irradiance on photoacclimation, primary productivity and growth in Rhodomonas salina (Cryptophyceae) and Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae) in simulated blackwater environments. Journal of Phycology 53(6): 1241-1254.
Li, G. & Gao, K. (2014). Effects of solar UV radiation on photosynthetic performance of the diatom Skeletonema costatum grown under nitrate limited condition. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 29(1): 27-34.
Medlin, L.K., Elwood, H.J., Stickel, S. & Sogin, M.L. (1991). Morphological and genetic variaton within the diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyta): evidence for a new species, Skeletonema pseudocostatum. Journal of Phycology 27: 514-524, 18 figs, 5 tables.
Medlin, L.K., Elwood, H.J., Stickel, S.K. & Sogin, M.L. (1989). rRNA sequences in the diatom Skeletonema costatum. British Phycological Journal 24: 310.
Mooney, H.M., Cooney, J.J., Baisden, C.M. & Patching, J.W. (1995). Fatty acids of Dunaliella tertiolecta and Skeletonema costatum grown in the presence of Phenyltin compounds. Botanica Marina 38: 423-429, 3 figs, 1 table.
Morel, M.M.L., Rueter, J.G. & Morel, F.M.M. (1978). Copper toxicity toSkeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 14: 43-48, 6 figs, 3 tables.
Murphy, L.S. (1978). Biochemical taxonomy of marine phytoplankton by electrophoresis of enzymes. II. Loss of heterozygosity in clonal cultures of the centric diatoms Skeletonema costatum and Thalassiosira pseudonana. Journal of Phycology 14: 247-250, 4 tables.
Ou, L., Huang, B., Hong, H., Qi, Y. & Lu, S. (2010). Comparative alkaline phosphatase characteristics of the algal bloom dinoflagellates Prorocentrum donghaiense and Alexandrium catanella, and the diatom Skeletonema costatum. Journal of Phycology 46(2): 260-265.
Penna, A., Crinelli, R. & Magnani, M. (1996). Modulation of the heat shock ubiquitin pool in Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 32: 409-415, 6 figs, 1 table.
Reguera, B. (1983). The importance of heavy rains in the initiation of Skeletonema costatum blooms in the bay of Santander. British Phycological Journal 18: 209.
Rivkin, R.B. (1979). Effects of lead on growth of the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum. Marine Biology, Berlin 50: 239-247.
Robertson, D.L., Smith, G.J. & Alberte, R.S. (1999). Characterization of a cDNA encoding glutamine synthetase from the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 35: 786-797, 7 figs, 2 tables.
Sanders, J.G. (1979). Effects of arsenic speciation and phosphate concentration on arsenic inhibition of Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 15: 424-428, 3 figs.
Sarno, D., Kooistra, W.H.C.F., Balzano, S., Hargraves, P.E. & Zingone, A. (2007). Diversity in the genus Skeletonema (Bacillariophyceae): III. Phylogenetic position and morphological variability of Skeletonema costatum and Skeletonema grevillei, with the description of Skeletonema ardens sp. nov.. Journal of Phycology 43: 156-170.
Sarno, D., Kooistra, W.H.C.F., Medlin, L.K., Percopo, I. & Zingone, A. (2005). Diversity in the genus Skeletonema (Bacillariophyceae): II. An assessment of the taxonomy of S. costatum-like species, with the description of four new species. Journal of Phycology 41: 151-176.
Smith, M.A. (1981). Some aspects of the ultrastructure of Skeletonema costatum grown in the presence of heavy metals. British Phycological Journal 16: 140.
Stabile, J.E., Gallagher, J.C. & Wurtzel, E.T. (1995). Colinearity of chloroplast genomes in divergent ecotypes of the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyta). Journal of Phycology 31: 795-800, 4 figs, 2 tables.
Stabile, J.E., Wurtzel, E.T. & Gallagher, J.C. (1992). Comparison of chloroplast DNA and allozyme variation in winter strains of the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyta). Journal of Phycology 28: 90-94, 1 fig, 2 tables.
Steemann Nielsen, E. (1968). The adaptation of plankton algae II. Aspects of the temperature adaptation of Skeletonema costatum. Physiol. Plant. 21: 423-427.
Takabayashi, M., Wilkerson, F.P. & Robertson, D. 2005 (2005). Response of glutamine synthetase gene transcription and enzyme activity to external nitrogen sources in the diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41: 84-94.
Taraldsvik, M. & Myklestad, S.M. (2000). The effect of pH on growth rate, biochemical composition and extracellular carbohydrate production of the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum. European Journal of Phycology 35: 189-194, 4 tables, 3 figs.
Tokuda, H. (1981). A method for estimating toxicity of oil emulsifier using Skeletonema costatum, a marine centric diatom. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 745-753.
Van Houcke, J., Medina, I., Maehre, H.K., Cornet, J., Cardinal, M., Linssen. J. & Luten, J. (2017). The effect of algae diets (Skeletonema costatum and Rhodomonas baltica) on the biochemical composition and sensory characteristics of Pacific couped oysters (Crassostrea gigas) during land-based refinement. Food Research International 100: 151-160.
Wei, S.F., Hwang, S.P.L. & Chang, J. (2004). Influence of ultraviolet radiation on the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and DNA polymerase in Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 40: 655-663.
Yang, S., Wu, R.S.S., Mok, H.O.L., Zhang, Z.P. & Kong, R.Y.C. (2003). Identification of a novel cytochrome P450 cDNA, CYP97E1, from the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae) (Note). Journal of Phycology 39: 555-560.
Yoder, J.A. (1979). Effect of temperature on light-limited growth and chemical composition of Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 15: 362-370, 9 figs, 1 table.
Zingone, A., Percopo, I., Sims, P.A. & Sarno, D. (2005). Diversity in the genus Skeletonema (Bacillariophyceae): I. A reexamination of they type material of S. costatum with the description of S. grevillei sp. nov.. Journal of Phycology 41: 140-150.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 June 2019.

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