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Porphyridium purpureum (Bory) K.M.Drew & R.Ross

Publication details
Porphyridium purpureum (Bory) K.M.Drew & R.Ross 1965: 98

Published in: Drew, K.M. & Ross, R. (1965). Some generic names in the Bangiophycidae. Taxon 14: 93-99.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Porphyridium is Porphyridium cruentum (S.F.Gray) Nägeli.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Phytoconis purpurea Bory

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), purple (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Phytoconis purpurea Bory 1797
Merrettia purpurea (Bory) Trevisan 1848
Rhodella purpureum (Bory) B.F.Zheng & J.Li 2009

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sarcoderma sanguineum Ehrenberg
Byssus purpurea Lamarck 1778
Tremella cruenta Smith 1807
Olivia cruenta S.F.Gray 1821
Chaos sanguinarius Bory ex Desmazières 1823
Palmella cruenta (Smith) C.Agardh 1824
Coccochloris cruenta (Smith) Sprengel 1827
Phytoconis cruenta (J.E.Smith) Trevisan 1842
Porphyridium cruentum (S.F.Gray) Nägeli 1849
Aphanocapsa cruenta (Smith) Hansgirg 1885
Porphyridium marinum Kylin 1937

General environment
This is a ubiquitous species.

Scattered in moist terrestrial areas, particularly lower parts of walls with calcareous components, brickwork in shaded areas or intermittently submerged banks of nutrient-rich rivers (West & Fritsch, 1927; Sheath & Sherwood, 2002). Also saltmarshes and soils of sea-cliffs. Womersley (1994: 23) notes that this is probably widespread in terrestrial, brackish, and (less so) marine situations.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Brodie, J. & Irvine, L.M. (2003). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3B. Bangiophycidae. pp. i-xiii, 1-167, map. Andover: Intercept.

Eloranta, P., Kwandrans, J. & Kusel-Fetzmann, E. (2011). Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. In: Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa Band 7. Freshwater flora of Central Europe. Volume 7. (Schagerl, M. Eds), pp. [i]-x, [1]-155. Heidelberg: Spectrum Akademischer Verlag.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Sheath, R.G. & Sherwood, A.R. (2011). Rhodophyta (Red Algae). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 159-180. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Toepel, J., Langner, U. & Wilhelm, C. (2005). Combination of flow cytometry and single cell absorption spectroscopy to study the phytoplankton structure and to calculate the chl a specific absorption coefficients at the taxon level. Journal of Phycology 41(6): 1099-1109.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIA - Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). pp. 1-508, 167 figs, 4 pls, 4 maps. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Yoon, H.S., Muller, K.M., Sheath, R.G., Ott, F.D. & Bhattacharya, D. (2006). Defining the major lineages of red algae (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 42: 482-492.

Created: 27 July 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7340 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Algarra, P. & Rüdiger, W. (1993). Acclimation processes in the light harvesting complex of the red alga Porphyridium purpureum (Bory) Drew et Ross, according to irradiance and nutrient availability. Plant, Cell and Environment 16: 149-159.
Bronchart, R. & Demoulin, V. (1977). Unusual mitosis in the red alga Porphyridium purpureum. Nature, London 268: 80-81.
Bronchart, R. & Demoulin, V. (1980). Reevaluation of mitosis in the red alga Porphyridium purpureum. Nature, London 283: 409-410.
Chapman, R.L. & Lang, N.J. (1973). Virus-like particles and nuclear inclusionsin the red alga Porphyridium purpureum (Bory) Drew et Ross. Journal of Phycology 9: 117-122.
Faber, W.W. & Lee, J.J. (1993). Pathways of carbon in the Peneroplis planatus (Foraminifer) - Porphyridium purpureum (Rhodophyte) endosymbiosis. Symbiosis 14(1-3): 439-463.
Hill, S.A., Towill, L.R. & Sommerfeld, M.R. (1980). Photomovement responses of Porphyridium purpureum. Journal of Phycology 16: 444-448, 3 figs.
Klein, B.C., Bartel, S.J., Darsow, K.H., Naumann, I., Walter, C., Buchholz, R. & Lange, H.A. (2011). Identification of coenzyme Q10 from Porphyridium purpureum (Rhodophyta) by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization curved field reflectron mass spectrometry. Journal of Phycology 47(3): 687-691.
Levy, I. & Gantt, E. (1988). Light acclimation in Porphyridium purpureum (Rhodophyta): growth, photosynthesis, and phycobilisomes. Journal of Phycology 24: 452-458.
Levy, I. & Gantt, E. (1990). Development of photosynthetic activity in Porphyridium purpureum (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 26: 62-68, 7 figs, 4 tables.
Lin, H.-P., Sommerfeld, M.R. & Swafford, J.R. (1975). Light and electron microscope observations on motile cells of Porphyridium purpureum (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 11: 452-457.
Marquardt, J. & Ried, A. (1992). Fractionation of thylakoid membranes from Porphyridium purpureum using the detergent N-Lauryl-ß-Iminodipropionate. A study on the chlorophyll-protein and pigment composition of the membrane-intrinsic antenna complexes of a red alga. Planta 187(3): 372-380.
Mitsuhashi, S., Kawachi, M., Kurano, N. & Miyachi, S. (2001). Intracellular localization of a carbonic anhydrase in Porphyridium purpureum (Porphyridiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 40: 319-323.
Nelson, W.A. & Ryan, K.G. (1988). Porphyridium purpureum (Bory) Drew et Ross (Porphyridiales, Rhodophyceae) - first record of a marine unicellular red alga in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 18: 127-128.
Nyberg, H. & Koskimies-Soininen, K. (1984). The glycolipid fatty acids of Porphyridium purpureum cultured in the presence of detergents. Phytochemistry 23: 751-757.
Nyberg, H. & Koskimies-Soininen, K. (1984). The phospholipid fatty acids of Porphyridium purpureum cultured in the presence of triton X-100 and Sodium desoxycholate. Phytochemistry 23: 2489-2495.
Nyberg, H. (1985). The influence of ionic detergents on the phospholipid fatty acid compositions of Porphyridium purpureum. Phytochemistry 24(3): 435-440.
Nyberg, H. (1989). Growth and ATP levels in Porphyridium purpureum (Rhodophyceae, Bangiales) cultured in the presence of surfactants. British Phycological Journal 24: 91-98.
Ohta, S., Chang, T., Aozasa, O., Ikegami, N. & Miyata, H. (1993). Alterations in fatty acid composition of marine red alga Porphyridium purpureum by environmental factors. Botanica Marina 36: 103-107.
Schornstein, K.L. & Scott, J. (1982). Ultrastructure of cell division in the unicellular red alga Porphyridium purpureum. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 85-97.
Sheath, R.G., Hellebust, J.A. & Sawa, T. (1979). Floridean starch metabolism of Porphyridium purpureum (Rhodophyta) I. Changes during ageing of batch culture. Phycologia 18: 149-163.
Sheath, R.G., Hellebust, J.A. & Sawa, T. (1979). Floridean starch metabolism of Porphyridium purpureum (Rhodophyta) II. Changes during the cell cycle. Phycologia 18: 185-190.
Sheath, R.G., Hellebust, J.A. & Sawa, T. (1981). Floridean starch metabolism of Porphyridium purpureum (Rhodophyta) III. Effects of darkness and metabolic inhibitors. Phycologia 20: 22-31.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 March 2019.

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