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Scrippsiella trochoidea (Stein) Loeblich III

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Peridiniales
Family Thoracosphaeraceae
Genus Scrippsiella

Pictures

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Scrippsiella trochoidea (Stein) Loeblich III
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, Lugol's, 1000x, DIC. 20 Jun 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Scrippsiella trochoidea (Stein) Loeblich III
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, Lugol's, 400x, DIC. 20 Jun 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Scrippsiella trochoidea (Stein) Loeblich III
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, Lugol's, 1000x, DIC. 20 Jun 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Nitophyllum bonnemaisonii (Kylin) Kylin

Scrippsiella trochoidea (Stein) Loeblich III Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, Lugol's, 400x, DIC

Publication details
Scrippsiella trochoidea (Stein) Loeblich III 1976: 25

Published in: Loeblich, A.R., III (1976). Dinoflagellate evolution: speculation and evidence. Journal of Protozoology 23: 13-28.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Scrippsiella is Scrippsiella sweeneyae Balech ex A.R.Loeblich III.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Scrippsiella acuminata (Ehrenberg) Kretschmann, Elbrächter, Zinssmeister, S.Soehner, Kirsch, Kusber & Gottschling

Basionym
Glenodinium trochoideum Stein

Type information
Type locality: "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY. Baltic Sea: Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel Fjord, s.d. [extant]: S.F.N.R. von Stein, s.n." (Kretschmann et al. 2015: 249). Notes: "... (holotype: pl. III 27–29! in Der Organismus der arthrodelen Flagellaten nach eigenen Forschungen in systematischer Reihenfolge bearbeitet 2, 1883; Baltic Sea, off Federal Republic of Germany, Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel Fjord, Apr 2000 [extant]: K.J.S. Meier, s.n. [GeoB*185], Epitype designated in Zinssmeister et al. (2011: 155): CEDiT2011E13!, isoepitypes B400040745! BREM! M156524!)."

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Peridinium faeroense O.W.Paulsen 1905
Scrippsiella faeroensis (O.W.Paulsen) Balech & Soares 1966
Scrippsiella faeronese Dickensheets & Cox 1971
Calciodinellum faeroense (O.W.Paulsen) Havskum 1991

Nomenclatural notes
Dale (1977), Lewis (1991), Janofske (2000) and Gottschling et al. (2005) cite (Stein) A.R. Loeblich III as the authority. - (12 Apr 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Authority: (Stein) Balech ex Loeblich III (Balkis et al. (2016: table 1). - (11 May 2016) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
In 1977, the new combination S. trochoidea (Stein) Steidinger & Balech (= Glenodinium trochoideum Stein, 1883) was made. [This combination is also cited in INA.] They included Peridinium faeroense Paulsen, Scripsiell faeroense (Paulsen) Balech & Oliveira Soares and some Peridinium trochoideum (Stein) Lemmermann as synonyms. - (4 Apr 2012) - Wendy Guiry

According to D'Onofrio et al. (1999: 1067), Peridinium trochoideum Stein is the basionym of Scripsiella trochoidea (Stein) Loeblich III. - (12 Apr 2012) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Emend. Janofske (2000:180).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Peridinium faeroense O.W.Paulsen)
Europe: Norway (Dale 1977), Sweden (Dale 1977).

North America: British Columbia (Dale 1977), Maine (Dale 1977), Massachusetts (Dale 1977).

(as Scrippsiella faeroensis (O.W.Paulsen) Balech & Soares)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Britain (Parke & Dixon 1976), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015).

(as Scrippsiella trochoidea (Stein) Loeblich III)
Arctic: Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Caroppo et al. 2017).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (Goméz & Boicenco 2004, BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (Parke & Dixon 1976, Lewis 1991), France (Gottschling et al. 2005, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Guilloux et al. 2013), Germany (Gottschling et al. 2005), Greece (Gottschling et al. 2005), Helgoland (Hoppenrath 2004), Italy (Montresor, Sgrosso, Procaccini & Kooistra 2003, Gottschling et al. 2005), Mediterranean (Gómez 2003), Mediterranean Sea (Meier, Janofske & Willems 2002), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015), Norway (Gottschling et al. 2005), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999, Gottschling et al. 2005), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Spain (Pérez, Maidana & Comas 2009), Sweden (Gottschling et al. 2005), Turkey (Europe) (Balkis 2004).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

North America: Massachusetts (Haywood et al. 2007), Mexico (Caribbean) (Merino-Virgilio et al. 2013), Virginia (Makinen & Moisan 2012).

South America: Brazil (Odebrecht 2010), Colombia (Lozano-Duque, Velasquez & Navas S 2011).

Africa: Mauritania (Gottschling et al. 2005), Namibia (Gottschling et al. 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Maldives (Stanca).

South-west Asia: Turkey (Asia) (Balkis et al. 2016).

Asia: China (Gu et al. 2008, Liu 2008, Tan et al. 2015), Japan (Gottschling et al. 2005), Korea (Jeong et al. 2017), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014, Morozova et al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Chang et al. 2012).

Antarctic and the subantarctic islands: Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (McMinn & Scott 2005).

Source of current name
Kretschmann, J., Elbrächter, M., Zinssmeister, C., Soehner, S., Kirsch, M., Kusber, W.-H. & Gottschling, M. (2015). Taxonomic clarification of the dinophyte Peridinium acuminatum Ehrenberg,  ? Scrippsiella acuminata, comb. nov. (Thoracosphaeraceae, Peridiniales). Phytotaxa 220(3): 239-256.

Key references
D'Onofrio, G., Marino, D., Bianco, L., Busico, E. & Montresor, M. (1999). Toward an assessment on the taxonomy of dinoflagellates that produce calcareous cysts (Calciodinelloideae, Dinophyceae): a morphological and molecular approach. Journal of Phycology 35(5): 1063-1078, 45 figs, 4 tables.

Dale, B. (1977). New observations on Peridinium faeroense Paulsen (1905), and classification of small orthoperidinioid dinoflagellates. British Phycological Journal 12(3): 241-253, 35 figs, 2 tables.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Gómez, F. (2008). Phytoplankton invasions: comments on the validity of categorizing the non-indigenous dinoflagellates and diatoms in European Seas. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56: 620-628.

Gottschling, M., Knop, R., Plötner, J., Kirsch, M., Willems, H. & Keupp, H. (2005). A molecular phylogeny of Scrippsiella sensu lato (Calciodinellaceae, Dinophyta) with interpretations on morphology and distribution. European Journal of Phycology 40: 207-220.

Gu, H., Sun, J., Kooistra, W. H.C.F. & Zeng, R. (2008). Phylogenetic position and morphology of thecae and cysts of Scrippsiella (Dinophyceae) species in the East China Sea. Journal of Phycology 44: 478-494.

Janofske, D. (2000). Scrippsiella trochoidea and Scrippsiella regalis nov. comb. (Peridiniales, Dinophyceae): a comparison. Journal of Phycology 36: 178-189.

Kim, S. (2006). Patterns in host range for two strains of Amoebophyra (Dinophyta) infecting thecate dinoflagellates: Amoebophyra spp. ex Alexandrium affine and ex Gonyaulax polygramma (Note). Journal of Phycology 42: 1170-1173.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Lewis, J. (1991). Cyst-theca relationships in Scrippsiella (Dinophyceae) and related orthoperidinioid genera. Botanica Marina 34(2): 91-106.

McMinn, A. & Scott, F.J. (2005). Dinoflagellates. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 202-250. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Montresor, M., Sgrosso, S., Procaccini, G. & Kooistra, W.H.C.F. (2003). Intraspecific diversity in Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae): evidence for cryptic species. Phycologia 42(1): 56-70.

Morozova, T.V., Orlova, T.Y., Efimova, K.V., Lazaryuk, A.Y. & Burov, B.A. (2016). Scrippsiella trochoidea cysts in recent sediments from Amur Bay, Sea of Japan: distribution and phylogeny. Botanica Marina 59(2-3): 159-172.

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. (1976). Check-list of British marine algae - third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56: 527-594.

Steidinger, K.A. & Balech, E. (1977). Scrippsiella subsalsa (Ostenfeld comb. nov. (Dinophyceae) with a discussion on Scrippsiella. Phycologia 16(1): 69-73, 6 figs.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Zinssmeister, C., Soehner, S., Facher, E., Kirsch, M., Meier, K.J.S. & Gottschling, M. (2011). Catch me if you can: the taxonomic identity of Scrippsiella trochoidea (F.Stein) A.R.Loebl. (Thoracosphaeraceae, Dinophyceae). Systematics and Biodiversity 9(2): 145-157, 18 figs.

Created: 17 August 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 25 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6790 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)


Binder, B.J. & Anderson, D.M. (1987). Physiological and environmental control of germination in Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae) resting cysts. Journal of Phycology 23: 99-107.
Binder, B.J. & Anderson, D.M. (1990). Biochemical composition and metabolic activity of Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae) resting cysts. Journal of Phycology 26: 289-298.
Janofske, D. (2000). Scrippsiella trochoidea and Scrippsiella regalis nov. comb. (Peridiniales, Dinophyceae): a comparison. Journal of Phycology 36: 178-189.
Kim, C.H. & Iwasaki, H. (1987). Encystment and excystment in the marine dinoflagellate Scrippsiella trochoidea. Korean Journal of Phycology 2(2): 211-221, 12 figs, 5 tables.
Lirdwitayaprasit, T., Okaichi, T., Montani, S., Ochi, T. & Anderson, D.M. (1990). Changes in cell chemical composition during the life cycle of Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 26: 299-306.
Meksumpun, S., Montani, S. & Uematsu, M. (1994). Elemental components of cyst walls of three marine phytoflagellates, Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae), Alexandrium catenella and Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 33: 275-280, 12 figs, 1 table.
Montresor, M., Sgrosso, S., Procaccini, G. & Kooistra, W.H.C.F. (2003). Intraspecific diversity in Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae): evidence for cryptic species. Phycologia 42(1): 56-70.
Morozova, T.V., Orlova, T.Y., Efimova, K.V., Lazaryuk, A.Y. & Burov, B.A. (2016). Scrippsiella trochoidea cysts in recent sediments from Amur Bay, Sea of Japan: distribution and phylogeny. Botanica Marina 59(2-3): 159-172.
Zinssmeister, C., Soehner, S., Facher, E., Kirsch, M., Meier, K.J.S. & Gottschling, M. (2011). Catch me if you can: the taxonomic identity of Scrippsiella trochoidea (F.Stein) A.R.Loebl. (Thoracosphaeraceae, Dinophyceae). Systematics and Biodiversity 9(2): 145-157, 18 figs.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 13 December 2017.

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