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Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Delesseriaceae
Subfamily Delesserioideae
Tribe Membranoptereae
Genus Membranoptera

Pictures

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Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 25 May 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse
Scotland, Oban area east coast. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse
Murles Point, Co. Donegal, Ireland; to 100 mm long. 25 May 1994. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse
Mullaghmore, Co. Sligo, Ireland; plants from 5-10 m subtidally; to 90 mm long. 26 May 1994. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; growing epiphytically on Corallina officinalis in pool. 26 Mar 2005. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; growing epiphytically on Corallina officinalis in pool
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse 1809: 85

Published in: Stackhouse, J. (1809). Tentamen marino-cryptogamicum, ordinem novum; in genera et species distributum, in Classe XXIVta Linnaei sistens. Mémoires de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou 2: [50]-97.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Membranoptera.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus alatus Hudson

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), winged (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus alatus Hudson 1762
Delesseria alata (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Hypophylla alata (Hudson) Stackhouse 1816
Sphaerococcus alatus (Hudson) Wahlenberg 1826
Hypoglossum alatum (Hudson) Kützing 1843

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus alatus var. dilatatus Turner 1811
Delesseria alata var. dilatata (Turner) C.Agardh 1822

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Membranoptera alata (Hudson) Stackhouse)
English: Winged Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Membranous, deep crimson to brownish red fronds, to 200 mm long. With short stipe, well-marked midrib and narrow, wing-like monostromatic margins, pinnately veined, to 12 mm wide (margins sometimes lacking). Branching irregularly dichotomous, frequently proliferating from midribs, apices blunt.

Habitat
On rocks or on Laminaria hyperborea stipes, lower intertidal and subtidal, generally distributed, common.

Similar species
Pantoneura angustissima (Turner) Kylin is reported epiphytic on Laminaria hyperborea stipes from the subtidal of N.E. Scotland in winter. This entity is much confused with narrow forms of Membranoptera alata, which become increasingly common northwards.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Bates, C.R., Saunders, G.W. & Chopin, T. (2005). An assessment of two taxonomic distinctness indices for detecting seaweed assemblage responses to environmental stress. Botanica Marina 48: 231-243.

Larsen, A. & Sand-Jensen, K. (2005). Salt tolerance and distribution of estuarine benthic macroalgae in the Kattegat-Baltic Sea area. Phycologia 45: 13-23.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Vinogradova, K.L. (2011). The order Ceramiales (Rhodophyta) in the flora of the Arctic Ocean. Botanicheskii Zhurnal (St. Petersburg) 96(6): 681-695.

Wynne, M.J. (2014 '2013'). The red algal families Delesseriaceae and Sarcomeniaceae. pp. [1]-326, 118 figs. Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Zinova, A.D. (1955). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Determination book of the red algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-219 [+ 1], 169 figs. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 June 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10461 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Edelstein, T. & McLachlan, J. (1967). Cystocarps and tetrasporangia on the same thallus in Membranoptera alata and Polysiphonia urceolata. British Phycological Bulletin 3: 185-187.
Molenaar, F.J. & Breeman, A.M. (1997). Latitudinal trends in the growth and reproductive seasonality of Delesseria sanguinea, Membranoptera alata and Phycodrys rubens (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 33: 330-343, 9 figs, 3 tables.
Rietema, H. (1993). Ecotypic differences between Baltic and North Sea populations of Delesseria sanguinea and Membranoptera alata. Botanica Marina 36: 15-21, 7 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=156

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 December 2018.

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