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Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Bacillariophyceae
Subclass Bacillariophycidae
Order Cocconeidales
Family Cocconeidaceae
Genus Cocconeis

Pictures

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Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Faye Bainbridge State Park, 1000x, d.b. Dr. Eduardo Firpo and Dr. Diane Winter, DIC. 19 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Faye Bainbridge State Park, 1000x, d.b. Dr. Eduardo Firpo and Dr. Diane Winter, DIC. 19 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

 

Laminaria flexicaulis var. cucullata Le Jolis

Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Faye Bainbridge State Park, 1000x, d.b. Dr. Eduardo Firpo and Dr. Diane Winter, DIC

Publication details
Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg 1838: 194, pl. 14: fig. 18

Published in: Ehrenberg, C.G. (1838). [Die Infusionsthierchen als vollkommene Organismen.] Atlas. pp. pls I-LXIV. Leipzig: Verlag von Leopold Voss.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Cocconeis.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), diminutive of scutum, a shield; literally, little shield (Brown 1956).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Cocconeis scutellum var. genuina Cleve 1895

Taxonomic notes
Included in Miscoe et al. (2016: 21) as "cf.". - (13 Jun 2016) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Cosmopolitan, epiphytic and benthic, occurring in marine and brackish water environments. Rare on Desmarestia anceps and Geminocarpus sp. (Al-Handal & Wulff 2008). - (6 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Wismar in Mecklenburg; Gothenburg; Polirschiefer des Habichtwaldes bei Cassel (fossil) (Silva 1996-to date).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg)
Arctic: Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Skulberg 1996, Caroppo et al. 2017).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986, Sims 1996), Croatia (Vilicic et al. 2009), France (Méléder et al. 2007 , Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova et al. 2011), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Scholz & Liebezeit 2012, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016), Ireland (Foged 1977, Wolnik & Carter 2014), Italy (Zupo et al. 2011), Macedonia (Levkov & Williams 2012), Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Varela 1982, Álvarez Cobelas & Estévez García 1982, Pérez, Maidana & Comas 2009), Sweden (Ulanova, Busse, Snoeijs 2009), Turkey (Europe) (Aysel 2005), Venice Lagoon (Tolomio et al. 2002).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Ojeda Rodríguez, Gil-Rodríguez & Moreira-Reyes 2005, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Faroe Islands (Witon & Witkowski 2006), Iceland (Scholz & Einarsson 2015), Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

North America: Alaska (Saunders 1901, Foged 1981), Canada (Mather et al. 2010), Great Lakes (Stoermer, Kreis & Andresen 1999), Mexico (López-Fuerte & Siqueiros-Beltrones 2016, López-Fuerte & Siqueiros-Beltrones 2016), Mexico (Caribbean) (Merino-Virgilio et al. 2013, Licea, Moreno-Ruiz & Luna 2016), Mississippi (Sullivan 1981), Northwest Territories (Sheath & Steinman 1982), Nova Scotia (Kim, Garbary & McLachlan 2004), NW USA (Bahls 2009), United States of America (Kociolek 2005).

South America: Argentina (Garibotti et al. 2011), Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça et al. 2010, Costa et al. 2016), Colombia (Lozano-Duque, Vidal & Navas S 2011).

Africa: Egypt (Zalat 2002), Senegal (Sow & Diene 2002).

South-west Asia: Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

Asia: Caspian Sea (Bagheri & Fallahi 2014), China (Liu 2008), Japan (Sawai et al 2005), Korea (Joh 2012), Mongolia (Edlund et al. 2001), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014), Tajikistan (Barinova, Boboev & Hisoriev 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), Northern Territory (Day et al. 1995), Queensland (John 2017).

Pacific Islands: French Polynesia (Riaux-Gobin et al. 2013), Guam (Lobban et al. 2012), Hawaiian Islands (Sherwood 2004).

Antarctic and the subantarctic islands: King George Island (Al-Handal & Wulff 2008).

Key references
Al-Handal, A.Y. & Wulff, A. (2008). Marine epiphytic diatoms from the shallow sublittoral zone in Potter Cove, King George Island, Antartica. Botanica Marina 51: 411-435.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: i-vii, 1-276.

De Stefano, M., Romero, O.E. & Totti, C. (2008). A comparitive study of Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg and its varieties (Bacillariophyta). Botanica Marina 51: 506-536.

Hustedt, F. (1930). Bacillariophyta (Diatomeae) Zweite Auflage. In: Die Süsswasser-Flora Mitteleuropas. Heft 10. (Pascher, A. Eds), pp. [i]-vii, [1]-466. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer.

Hustedt, F. (1939). Die Diatomeenflora des Küstengebietes der Nordsee vom Dollart bis zur Elbemündung. I. Die Diatomeenflora in den Sedimenten der unteren Ems sowie auf den Watten in der Leybucht, des Memmert und bei der Insel Juist. Adhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen 31(2/3): 571-677.

Joh, G. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 3, Number 7. Chrysophyta: Bacillariophyceae: Pennales: Raphidineae: Acananthaceae. Freshwater diatoms V. pp. [1-6] 1-134, figs 1-15. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

John, J. (2016). Diatoms from Stradbroke and Fraser Islands, Australia: taxonomy and biogeography The Diatom Flora of Australia Volume 1. pp. [1]-377, 258 figs. Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Kim, K.Y., Garbary D.J. & McLachlan, J.L. (2004). Phytoplankton dynamics in Pomquet Harbour, Nova Scotia: a lagoon in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Phycologia 43: 311-328.

Miscoe, L.H., Johansen, J.R., Kociolek, J.P. & Lowe, R.L. (2016). The diatom flora and cyobacteria from caves on Kauai, Hawaii. I. Investigation of the cave diatom flora of Kanuai, Hawaii: an emphasis on taxonomy and distribution. Bibliotheca Phycologica 123: 3-74.

Proschkina-Lavrenko, A.I. (1950). Diatomovyi Analiz, Kniga 3. Opredelitel' iskopaemykh i sovremennykh diatomik vodoroslei Poriadok Pennales. Botanicheskii Institut im V.L. Komarova Akademii Nauk S.S.S.R. Gosudarstvennoe Izdatelystvo geologicheskoi Literatury 3(1): [1]-398, 117 pls.

Riaux-Gobin, C., Romero,O.E., Coste, M. & R.Galzin (2013). A new Cocconeis (Bacillariophyceae) from Moorea Island, Society Archipielago, South Pacific Ocean with distinctive valvocopula morphology and linking system. Botanica Marina 56(4): 339-356, 57 fig., 1 table.

Sawai, Y., Nagumo, T. & Toyoda, K. (2005). Three extant species of Paralia (Bacillariophyceae) along the coast of Japan. Phycologia 44(5): 517-529.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Villac, M.C., Kaczmarska, I. & Ehrman, J.M. (2016). Diatoms from ship ballast sediments (with consideration of a few additional species of special interest). Diatom Monographs 18: [1]-557, 235 pls.

Witon, E. & Witkowski, A. (2006). Holocene diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) from Faeroe Islands Fjords, Northern Atlantic Ocean. II. Distribution and taxonomy of marine taxa with special reference to benthic forms. Diatom Research 21(1): 175-215.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 22 January 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5825 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

De Stefano, M., Romero, O.E. & Totti, C. (2008). A comparitive study of Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenberg and its varieties (Bacillariophyta). Botanica Marina 51: 506-536.
Mizuno, M. & Okuda, K. (1985). Seasonal change in the distribution of cell size of Cocconeis scutellum var ornata (Bacillariophyceae) in relation to growth and sexual reproduction. Journal of Phycology 21: 547-553, 8 figs, 1 table.
Mizuno, M. (1987). Morphological variation of the attached diatom Cocconeis scutellum var. scutellum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 23: 591-597, 9 figs, 6 tables.
Zupo, V., Patalano, C. & Messina, P. (2011). Culture conditions influence the growth dynamics and the production of Cocconeis scutellum (Bacillariophyta). Journal of Phycology 47(6): 1433-1444.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 June 2018.

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