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Tovellia sanguinea Moestrup, Gert Hansen, Daugbjerg, G.Flaim & d'Andrea

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Tovelliales
Family Tovelliaceae
Genus Tovellia

 

Publication details
Tovellia sanguinea Moestrup, Gert Hansen, Daugbjerg, G.Flaim & d'Andrea 2006: 50, figs 1-38

Published in: Moestrup, O., Hansen, G., Daugbjerg, N., Flaim, G. & d'Andrea, M. (2006). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates II: On Tovellia sanguinea sp. nov., the dinoflagellate responsible for the reddening of Lake Tovel, N. Italy. European Journal of Phycology 41: 47-65.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Tovellia is Tovellia coronata (Woloszynska) Moestrup, K.Lindberg & Daugbjerg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), blood-red (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Glenodinium pulvisculum var. oculatum Largajolli 1907
Glenodinium sanguineum Marchesoni 1941

Nomenclatural notes
Moestrup et al. (2006) have refrained from using the name of the variety, Glenidinium pulvisculus var. oculatum Largaiolli 1907 in the interest of maintaining the widely used specific epithet sanguineum (see discussion p. 55, 59). "Taxonomic synonym: Glenodinium sanguineum Marchesoni 1941, p. 17, nom. illeg. (non Glenodinium sanguineum (H. J. Carter) Diesing 1866, p. 391)" (Moestrup & Calada 2018: 384). - (11 Sep 2006) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Description
Cells on average 24 microns long and 19 microns wide. Epicone and hypocone usually more or less conical, almost equal in size. Cingulum displaced about one cingulum width. Cells usually bright red due to the presence of numerous distinctly red-pigmented bodies. Chloroplasts yellow-greenish, radiating from the central part of the cell. Nucleus posterior. A prominent eyespot located next to the sulcus. The amphiesma comprises numerous thin polygonal plates. The anterior ends of the postcingular plates extend into the cingulum. A narrow apical line of plates extends over the anterior part of the cell, approximately in a mid-ventral to mid-dorsal direction. Antapical plate usually hexagonal, sometimes protruding slightly from the cell. Cysts are bright red in colour and typically have bipolar horns and a central constriction (paracingulum), sometimes with knobs along the paracingulum.

Type information
Type locality: Lake Campo, Trentino, Italy (Moestrup et al. 2006: 50). Type: 2003; C A-2383 (Moestrup et al. 2006: 50). Notes: Type material: The plastic block containing cells of the strain from which the TEM illustrations have been made, has been deposited at the Botanical Museum, Copenhagen (C) as No. A-2383.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Hansen, G. & Flaim, G. (2007). Dinoflagellates of the Trentino Province, Italy. Journal of Limnology 66: 107-141.

Moestrup, Ø. & Calado, A.J. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Volume 6: Dinophyceae. pp. [i]-xii, [1]-560, 421 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Norris, R.E. 1967 (1967). Microalgae in enrichment cultures from Puerto Penasco, Sonora, Mexico. Bulletin of the South California Academy of Science 66: 233-250.

Created: 11 September 2006 by Wendy Guiry

Verified by: 26 October 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 613 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Moestrup, O., Hansen, G., Daugbjerg, N., Flaim, G. & d'Andrea, M. (2006). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates II: On Tovellia sanguinea sp. nov., the dinoflagellate responsible for the reddening of Lake Tovel, N. Italy. European Journal of Phycology 41: 47-65.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=131391

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 June 2019.

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