149,139 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,329 images, 57,389 bibliographic items, 374,977 distributional records.

Womersleyella setacea (Hollenberg) R.E.Norris

Publication details
Womersleyella setacea (Hollenberg) R.E.Norris 1992: 70

Published in: Norris, R.E. (1992). Ceramiales (Rhodophyceae) genera new to South Africa, including new species of Womersleyella and Herposiphonia. South African Journal of Botany 58: 65-76, 32 figs.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Womersleyella is Womersleyella pacifica Hollenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Polysiphonia setacea Hollenberg

Type information
Type locality: near Koko Head, O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands (Hollenberg 1968: 85). Holotype: E. Choy (Doty 14696); 14.xi.1954; US? Notes: Type locality: USA: Hawaii: near Koko Head, Oahu, high tide pool Collector: E. Choy (Doty 14696) (14.xi.1954)

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), bristle-like, setaceous (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Polysiphonia setacea Hollenberg 1968

Distributional notes
This species was introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 221), perhaps by shipping or as an aquarium escape, being first found at Livorno, Italy in 1986. It is now widely distributed particularly on northern shores. - (5 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Polysiphonia setacea Hollenberg)
Europe: Corsica (Rodríguez Prieto, Boudouresque & Marcot-Coqueugniot 1993), Italy (Cormaci, Furnari, Alongi & Serio 1994, Airoldi, Rindi & Cinelli 1995).

Asia: South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999), Wake Atoll (Tsuda, Abbott & Foster 2006).

(as Womersleyella setacea (Hollenberg) R.E.Norris)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Balearic Islands (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Corsica (, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), France (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Anon. 2017), Greece (Athanasiadis 1997, Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005, Tsiamis & Panoytidis 2016), Italy (Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Gómez Garreta et al. 2001, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Serio et al 2006), Malta (Cormaci et al. 1997), Spain (Gómez Garreta et al. 2001), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider 2003, Schneider & Lane 2007), Canary Islands (Haroun et al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

Indian Ocean Islands: Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Cyprus (Taskin et al. 2013, Tsiamis et al. 2014), Lebanon (Bitar et al. 2017 ).

Asia: South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Philippines (Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014).

Pacific Islands: Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003), French Polynesia (N'Yeurt & Payri 2010), Samoa (Skelton & South 2007), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Cebrian, E. & Rodríguez-Prieto, C. (2012). Marine invasion in the Mediterranean Sea: the role of abiotic factors when there is no biological resistance. PLoS ONE 7(2): e31135. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031135.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Schneider, C.W. & Lane, C.E. (2007). Notes on the marine algae of the Bermudas. 8. Further additions to the flora, including Griffithsia aestivana sp. nov. (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) and an update on the alien Cystoseira compressa (Sargassaceae, Heterokontophyta). Botanica Marina 50: 128-140.

Serio, D., Alongi, G., Catra, M., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (2006). Changes in the benthic algal flora of Linosa Island (Straits of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea). Botanica Marina 49: 135-144.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 30 December 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3398 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Battelli, C. & Arko Pijevac, M. (2005). Development of the invasive turf-forming red alga Womersleyella setacea (Hollenberg) R.E. Norris on subtidal shores of Rijeka Bay (Northern Adriatic Sea) . Annales (Ser. hist. nat.) 15: 215-222.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2017.

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