148,407 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,273 images, 57,042 bibliographic items, 360,092 distributional records.

Ganonema farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) K.C.Fan & Yung C.Wang

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Nemaliophycidae
Order Nemaliales
Family Liagoraceae
Genus Ganonema


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Ganonema farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) K.C.Fan & Yung C.Wang
Hawaii; scale 5 mm. 01 Jul 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman. From: Huisman JM, Abbott IA, Smith CM (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. University of Hawaii Sea Grant College Program, Honolulu. 264 p. Available from Seagrant, University of Hawai'i.

Ganonema farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) K.C.Fan & Yung C.Wang
Scott Reef, Western Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Ganonema farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) K.C.Fan & Yung C.Wang
Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au). From: Huisman, J.M. (2000). Marine Plants of Australia. University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands, Western Australia..


Publication details
Ganonema farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) K.C.Fan & Yung C.Wang 1974: 492, pl. 1 (as 'farinosa' )

Published in: Fan, K.-C. & Wang, Y.-C. (1974). Studies on the marine algae of Hsisha Islands, China I. Ganonema gen. nov. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 12: 489-495, 2 pls.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Ganonema.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Liagora farinosa J.V.Lamouroux

Type information
Type locality: "Aux environs de Suez , dans la Mer rouge. Ded. Delile." [Suez, Red Sea, Egypt] (Lamouroux 1816: 240). Lectotype: CN (Yoshida 1998: 511). Notes: Dawson (1953: 43) incorrectly cites type locality as Haha-zima and Titi-zima, Ogasawara Islands, Japan. Type was illustrated by Abbott (Cryptogamie, Algologie, 11: fig. 23).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), mealy, covered with farina (flour-like, powdery covering) (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Liagora farinosa J.V.Lamouroux 1816

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Cladostephus dubium Bory 1832
Liagora elongata Zanardini 1851
Dudresnaya boryana Montagne ex J.Agardh 1851
Liagora cheyneana Harvey 1855
Liagora preissii Sonder ex Kützing 1858
Galaxaura cliftonii Harvey 1863
Liagora tomentosa Kützing 1863
Liagora crassa Dickie 1874
Liagora lurida Dickie 1874
Liagora cliftonii (Harvey) J.Agardh 1876
Liagora bipinnata P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1878
Liagora paniculata J.Agardh 1896
Liagora corymbosa J.Agardh 1896
Liagora dubia (Bory) Bornet ex De Toni 1905
Liagora farinosa f. lurida (Dickie) Børgesen 1949
Liagora farinosa var. cheynana (Harvey) Zanefeld 1956

General environment
This is a marine species.

Found in tropical to warm-temperate seas worldwide (Huisman 2006: 43).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Liagora farinosa J.V.Lamouroux)
Europe: Italy (Giaccone 1969), Spain (Soto & Conde 1989, Conde et al. 1996), Turkey (Europe) (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960), Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980), Cape Verde Islands (Otero-Schmitt & Sanjuan 1992).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960), Mexico (Dawson 1953).

Central America: Belize (Norris & Bucher 1982).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Cayman Islands (Taylor 1960), Cuba (Taylor 1960), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Turks And Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977), Colombia (Schnetter 1969), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Aleem 1993), Mauritius (Børgesen 1942).

South-west Asia: Israel (Nemlich & Danin 1964, Einav & Israel 2008), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

Asia: China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969).

Australia and New Zealand: Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993), New Zealand (Adams 1994), Queensland (Lewis 1984, Phillips 1997), South Australia (Womersley 1994), Western Australia (Womersley 1994).

Pacific Islands: Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996), Marshall Islands (Taylor 1950, Dawson 1957).

(as Liagora elongata Zanardini)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Liagora cheyneana Harvey)
Asia: Japan (Okamura 1936), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Galaxaura cliftonii Harvey)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Liagora tomentosa Kützing)
Pacific Islands: New Caledonia (Millar & Prud'homme van Reine 2005).

(as Liagora crassa Dickie)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Liagora lurida Dickie)
Africa: Mauritius (Børgesen 1942).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Liagora cliftonii (Harvey) J.Agardh)
Asia: Japan (Okamura 1936), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Liagora paniculata J.Agardh)
Asia: China (Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014).

(as Liagora farinosa f. lurida (Dickie) Børgesen)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Liagora farinosa var. cheynana (Harvey) Zanefeld)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Ganonema farinosum (J.V.Lamouroux) K.C.Fan & Yung C.Wang)
Europe: Italy (Furnari et al. 2003), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider 2003, Popolizio et al. 2015), Canary Islands (Kvaternik, Afonso-Carrillo & Sansón 1996, Haroun et al. 2002, Aldanondo-Aristizábal, Domínguez-Alvarez & Gil-Rodríguez 2003, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John et al. 2004, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (John et al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Salvage Islands (John et al. 2004).

North America: Florida (Popolizio et al. 2015).

Caribbean Islands: Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Suárez 2005, Díez García & Jover Capote 2011, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Hispaniola (Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001), Martinique (Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Puerto Rico (Ballantine, D.L. & N.E. Aponte 2002).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Creed et al. 2010), Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003).

Africa: Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), São Tomé & Príncipe (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John et al. 2004), Somalia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Andaman Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Cyprus (Taskin et al. 2013, Tsiamis et al. 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Lebanon (Bitar et al. 2017 ), Turkey (Asia) (Taskin et al. 2008).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2015, Titlyanov et al. 2016), Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014, Wang et al 2005, Anon. 2012, Lin et al. 2014), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov et al. 2016).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Philippines (Kraft et al. 1999, Lin et al. 2011, Lin et al. 2014, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Vietnam (Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Lord Howe Island (Huisman 2000, Huisman 2006), New South Wales (Huisman 2000), New Zealand (Nelson 2012), Norfolk Island (Huisman 2002), Queensland (Phillips 2002, Huisman 2006, Bostock & Holland 2010), South Australia (Huisman 2000, Huisman 2006, Huisman 2006), Western Australia (Huisman 2000, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman et al. 2009, Lin et al. 2014 ).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003), Guam (Lobban & N'Yeurt 2006), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999, Huisman, Abbott & Sherwood 2004, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999), Wake Atoll (Tsuda, Abbott & Foster 2006).

Taxonomic notes
According to Børgesen (1949: 34) (Silva et al. (1996), the name Liagora pulverulenta has been misapplied to this species by Dickie (1874: 195)

Distributional notes
This species, originally described from Suez in the Red Sea, is considered to have been at least partly introduced into the Mediterranean by some authorities (e.g., Verlaque et al. 2015: 181) via the Suez Canal. It was first found in Upper Egypt in 1808 (Bory 1832; Hamel 1931) prior to the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, and Verlaque et al. (2015: 181) postulate the co-occurrence of native and introduced populations in the Mediterranean. The species is now widespread in the eastern Mediterranean (the Levant and Turkey), although it has also been reported from Sicily, the Adriatic (Albania), Greece, and Mediterranean Spain. - (5 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
from the lower intertidal and upper subtidal down to 18-m depths; epilithic (Huisman, 2002). - (7 Aug 2014) - Wendy Guiry

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Ballantine, D.L. & N.E. Aponte (2002). Ganonema farinosum and Ganonema dendroideum comb. nov. (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta) from Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Cryptogamie Algologie 23: 211-222.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Huisman, J.M. (2006). Liagoraceae. In: Algae of Australia Nemaliales. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 29-30. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A. & Sherwood, A.R. (2004). The Liagoraceae (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) of the Hawaiian Islands III: the genus Ganonema, with a description of G. yoshizakii sp. nov.. Phycologia 43: 296-310.

Lin, S.-M., Huisman, J.M. & Ballantine, D.L. (2014). Revisiting the systematics of Ganonema (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta) with emphasis on species from the northwest Pacific Ocean. Phycologia 53(1): 37-51.

Popolizio, T.R., Schneider, C.W. & Lane, C.E. (2015). A molecular evaluation of the Liagoraceae sensu lato (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) in Bermuda including Liagora nesophila sp. nov. and Yamadaella grassyi sp. nov. Journal of Phycology 51(4): 637-658.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2014). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photograph and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Wang, W.-L., Liu, S.-L. & Lin, S.-M. (2005). Systematics of the calcified genera of the Galaxauraceae (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) with an emphasis on Taiwan species. Journal of Phycology 41: 685-703.

Zeng, C. (Tseng, C.K.), Luan, R., Chen, Z. & Li, W. (2005). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. II Acrochaetiales Nemaliales Bonnemaisoniales. pp. [i-vii], i-xxiii, 1-180 , pls I-VIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 29 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3929 times since it was created.

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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ballantine, D.L. & N.E. Aponte (2002). Ganonema farinosum and Ganonema dendroideum comb. nov. (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta) from Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Cryptogamie Algologie 23: 211-222.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 June 2017.

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