Callophyllis Kützing, 1843
Lectotype species: Callophyllis variegata (Bory) Kützing
Original publication: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, -142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
Type designated in: Schmitz, F. (1889). Systematische Übersicht der bisher bekannten Gattungen der Florideen. Flora oder Allgemeine botanische Zeitung 72: 435-456, pl. XXI.
Description: Erect, flat, soft-membranous to cartilaginous, usually flabellately, laciniately or more or less pinnately branched in one plane. Stipe short or absent. Holdfast discoid. Margin smooth, ruffled, or with protuberances. Medulla of large, isodiametric cells surrounded by chains of small cells. Cortex relatively thick, of isodiametric cells, progressively smaller toward cuticle. Outermost cells uninucleate; other cells multinucleate. Dioecious, where known. One to several 3-celled carpogonial branches borne on a supporting cell that can bear several lobed subsidiary cells and that serves as the auxiliary cell after fertilization. Fusion cell formed from subsidiary cell, supporting cell and first cell of carpogonial branche(es) after fertilization, and gonimoblast filaments initiated directly from fusion cell. Carposporangia produced in clusters or chains from gonimoblast. Cystocarps slightly to distinctly protuberant. Pericarp and carpostome present. Spermatangia superficial. Tetrasporophyte isomorphic. Tetrasporangia cruciate, scattered in cortex. Revised description (Clarkston & Saunders 2013: 33).
Information contributed by: S.C. Lindstrom. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2019-01-05 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Kylin, H. (1956). Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen. pp. i-xv, 1-673, 458 figs. Lund: C.W.K. Gleerups.
Comments: Mostly subtidal. Widely distributed, primarily in temperate seas, but also known from arctic/antarctic and tropical/subtropical waters.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=115
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 05 January 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 March 2023