Phaeostroma Kuckuck, 1893
Holotype species: Phaeostroma pustulosum Kuckuck
Original publication and holotype designation: Reinbold, T. (1893). Die Phaeophyceen (Brauntange) der Kieler Föhrde. Schriften des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Schleswig-Holstein 10: 21-59.
Description: The most characteristic feature of this genus is the true hairs, which have an elongated basal cell with a bulbous enlargement in the proximal end. The hairs develop from the symtagmatic filaments. The species in this genus are all small filamentous or the filaments lie close together and form a syntagmatic crustose plant, probably depending on the substratum. Short erect filaments develop which again may branch in the apical part. The apical part of the erect filaments may be transformed into a plurilocular sporangium, or in case of branched erect parts the branch system in toto may be transformed into a sporangium with a heart-shaped outline. The life history of the type species, Phaeostroma pustulosum, is of the direct type. Both unilocular and plurilocular sporangia occur in this species both the swarmers from these sporangia seem to play the same role in the life history (Pedersen 1981c).
Information contributed by: P. M. Pedersen. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2015-09-30 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Gender: This genus name is currently treated as neuter.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Silberfeld, T., Rousseau, F. & Reviers, B. de (2014). An updated classification of brown algae (Ochrophyta, Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 117-156, 1 fig., 1 table.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=32869
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 30 September 2015. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 06 December 2023