Turnerella F.Schmitz, 1893

Holotype species: Turnerella mertensiana (Postels & Ruprecht) F.Schmitz

Original publication and holotype designation: Rosenvinge, L.K. (1893). Grønlands Havalger. Meddelelser om Grønland 3: 763-981, 57 figs, 2 pls.

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Description: Gametophytic plants reach 60 cm in height, are erect from a discoid holdfast, and are irregularly lobed to lacerate blades. Axes are multiaxial, the medulla being broad and filamentous, surrounded by a cortex with large gland cells scattered in the outer layers. Carpogonial branches are 3(-4)celled. Cystocarps are ostiolate and deeply embedded in the fronds. Carposporophytes consist of an irregularly dissected central fusion cell surrounded by a few layers of sterile gonimoblasts bearing chains of carposporangia. Pericarps lack a filamentous internal layer. Spermatangia are unreported. Tetrasporophytes are heteromorphic to gametophytes, being in the form of small crusts (South et al. 1972).

Information contributed by: G.T. Kraft. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2017-01-23 by M.D. Guiry.

Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.

Comments: Distribution: The type species occurs in the north Pacific Ocean and extends around the Arctic rim to northern Europe.

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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33242

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 23 January 2017. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 May 2024

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