Spatoglossum Kützing, 1843
Holotype species: Spatoglossum solieri (Chauvin ex Montagne) Kützing
Original publication: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, -142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
Type designated in: Agardh, J.G. (1882). Till algernes systematik. Nya bidrag. (Andra afdelningen.). Lunds Universitets Års-Skrift, Afdelningen for Mathematik och Naturvetenskap 17(4): 1-134, 3 plates.
Description: Thalli erect, arising from a matted rhizoidal holdfast, up to 80 cm long, complanate, divided into sub-dichotomous to sub-palmate segments, 0.5-5 cm broad, with undulate to dentate margins, lacking midrib or veins. Growth initiated from a short row of apical cells. Thallus 2-10 cells thick, with an outermost layer of small cortical cells overlying larger, multilayered medullary cells, not arranged in rows in transverse section. Hair tufts scattered with hairs arising from a depression in thallus. Sporangia scattered across both thallus surfaces, above, partially or entirely embedded in thallus, producing 4 spores. Oogonia scattered singly or in small groups over both surfaces of the thallus. Antheridial sori scattered across both thallus surfaces leaving a sterile margin, above, partially or entirely embedded in the thallus. Widely distributed in tropical and temperate waters of Caribbean Sea South America, New Zealand, Australia, Japan, French Atlantic Coast, Mediterranean Sea and Morocco.
Information contributed by: J. A. Phillips and R. J. King. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2014-06-20 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Silberfeld, T., Rousseau, F. & Reviers, B. de (2014). An updated classification of brown algae (Ochrophyta, Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 35(2): 117-156, 1 fig., 1 table.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33380
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 20 June 2014. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 November 2023