Udotea J.V., 1812
Holotype species: Udotea flabellum (J.Ellis & Solander) M.Howe
Original publication and holotype designation: Lamouroux, [J.V.F.] (1812). Extrait d'un mémoire sur la classification des Polypiers coralligènes non entièrement pierreux. Nouveaux Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris 3: 181-188.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Description: Thallus erect, to at least 30 cm. tall, composed of calcified blades which are funnel or fan-shaped, calcified stipe, and uncalcified mass of siphonous rhizoids. Stalk comprises a core or medullary region of longitudinally oriented siphons and cortex of their lateral appendages. Blades composed of dichotomously branched siphons, which in turn may bear simple to more complex lateral appendages; hence, blade morphology ranges from uncorticated to densely corticated. Growth not continuous as in Halimeda and Tydemania, although new lobes are added to fully formed blades in some species. Erect new blades sometimes develop from older holdfasts which have lost most of their erect photosynthetic portions, indicating a perennating system similar to that present in sand-growing species of Halimeda, and probably many of the Udoteaceae. Siphon walls, in taxa for which there are data, are composed principally of b-1,3 xylan, with cellulose apparently absent. Genus heteroplastic; hence chloroplasts with and without starch, and amyloplasts occur. Biomineralization involves deposition of aragonitic calcium carbonate which, in some species at least, occurs as a sheath surrounding filaments. For 5 species, amount of CaCO3 in mature thalli (dry weight) was ca. 33-47%. Asexual reproduction can occur by development of new thalli at ends of rhizoidal or rhizomatous extensions from holdfast. Data about sexual reproduction are equally sparse. The genus is known to be holocarpic, i.e. the contents of filaments are released into gametangia during their formation, with thallus dying after the event. Swollen siphons of the frond, to ca. 200 µm diameter and extending up to 3 cm. beyond the margin, have been interpreted as gametangia, and have been observed to release zooids contained within a gelatinous matrix. Groups of the siphons sometimes cohere below the tips. Subsequent stages of the reproductive cycle have yet to be observed.
Information contributed by: L. Hillis. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 26 Jul 2021 by E.A. Molinari Novoa.
Comments: Udotea occurs globally in tropical to somewhat subtropical latitudes. Unlike Halimeda it extends into regions such as North Carolina, but local water temperatures at such sites generally fall in the subtropical range. It is common in many coralgal reef systems, and forms dense populations on sand plains at depth. Thalli are anchored sometimes on rock, but more commonly in sand, mud or peat. Vertical range is ca. -1 to at least -46m. As for Halimeda some species contain secondary chemicals which may be associated with herbivore deterrence.
Numbers of names and species: There are 58 species names in the database at present, as well as 11 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 35 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 29 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 26 July 2021 by E.A. Molinari Novoa
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33621
Please cite this record as:
E.A. Molinari Novoa in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2021.