161,742 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,723 images, 63,702 bibliographic items, 473,646 distributional records.

Siphonocladus F.Schmitz, 1879

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Cladophorales
Family Siphonocladaceae

Lectotype species: Siphonocladus wilbergii F.Schmitz

Currently accepted name for the type species: Siphonocladus pusillus (C.Agardh ex Kützing) Hauck

Original publication:Schmitz, F. (1879). Über grüne Algen im Golf von Athen. Berichte der Sitzungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Halle 1878: 17-23.

Type designated in Børgesen, F. (1905). Contributions à la connaissance du genre Siphonocladus Schmitz. Oversight Over Det Kgl Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlingar 3: 259-291, 13 figs.

Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Description: Thallus composed of many free, unbranched and branched elongate axes, 1-3 mm diameter, to 4 cm tall. Each axis consisting of a pseudoparenchymatous filament of appressed, polygonal cells. Cells 200-500 µm diameter. Plants with prominent basal annular constrictions. Apical, uniaxial orientation maintained throughout development in most species. Branching pattern irregular. Lateral papillate branchlets, to 1 cm long, in whorls found in some species. Well developed rhizoids present. Structural reinforcement of thallus achieved by specialized tenacular cells. Cell division by segregative division - sensu stricto in main axes, by centripetal invagination in rhizoids. Cells multinucleate; chloroplasts numerous per cell. The life history of Siphonocladus pusillus was studied by Jónsson and Puiseaux-Dao in which they suggested a diplontic life history. In most cladophoralean genera a diplobiontic, isomorphic alternation of generations has been demonstrated. Vegetative propagation is common. S. pusillus and S. tropicus with diploid chromosome number of 16. Nuclear DNA estimated at 1.1, 2.0 and 4.4 pg (1C, 2C, 4C) for S. tropicus. Siphonocladus commonly found in shallow intertidal habitats exhibiting strong water motion and turbidity. Plants attached on rubble though they can also be found in more protected crevices. S. rigidus also abundant in metahaline near-shore pool in the Red Sea. Ultrastructural studies on the flagellar apparatus and cytokinesis and cell walls carried out. Siphonocladus used in studies of role of microtubules in biogenesis of cellulose microfibrils. Siphonocladus has been variously allied with Valonia and Cladophoropsis based on segregative division and habit, respectively. Siphonocladus is most closely related to Dictyosphaeria and most distantly to Ventricaria based on immunologic and character compatibility analyses. Siphonocladus is not related to Boergesenia or Cladophoropsis as suggested in most circumscriptions emphasizing annular constrictions.

Information contributed by: J.L. Olsen. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 29 Aug 2011 by M.D. Guiry.

Numbers of names and species: There are 24 species names in the database at present, of which 8 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

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Contributors
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 28 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 August 2011 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33859

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 June 2021.

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