Enantiocladia Falkenberg, 1897
Holotype species: Enantiocladia duperreyi (C.Agardh) Falkenberg
Original publication and holotype designation: Schmitz, F. & Falkenberg, P. (1897). Rhodomelaceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten, Teil 1, Abteilung 2. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 421-480. Leipzig: verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
Description: Erect, taeniform, dorsiventral thalli, up to ~20 cm tall, ~0.5 cm broad; alate-polysiphonous with inrolled apices. 5 pericentral cells, 2 lateral pairs of which divide laterally to form two opposite alae; inner large cells of alae becoming corticated by small cells and cortication of axes produces prominent midribs. Opposite branches occur in regular sequence in 1-several orders; ultimate branches often a serration. Trichoblasts on dorsal side of midrib, on most every segment and soon deciduous. Reproductive structures on small marginal determinate branchlets. Tetrasporangial stichidia in tips of branched laterals, 2 per segment forming two longitudinal rows; stichidia curved, sometimes with median-dorsal trichoblasts or scar cells. Cystocarps spheroidal, borne on trichoblast bases on dorsal side of marginal branchlets.
Information contributed by: R.E. Norris. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2010-10-06 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.
Comments: Mostly subtidal in warm temperate to tropical regions: western Atlantic, Japan, Philippines, Indonesia and Western Australia.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=35651
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 06 October 2010. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 11 December 2023