Gongrosira Kützing, 1843, nom. cons.
Holotype species: Gongrosira sclerococcus Kützing
Currently accepted name for the type species: Gongrosira viridis (Kützing) De Toni
Original publication and holotype designation: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, -142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
Description: Plants heterotrichous and often lime-encrusted. Prostrate system commonly pseudoparenchymatous, bearing system of short, erect branches terminating in blunt tipss. Cells cylindrical or clavate, walls sometimes thick and lamellated, each with nucleus, prominent parietal chloroplast and one to several pyrenoids. Asexual reproduction by zoospores, aplanospores or akinetes. Zoospores ovoid, biflagellate, with stigma. Sexual reproduction unknown. Gongrosira terrestrial or aquatic, rarely in marine habitats; probably cosmopolitan. Species distinguished based on cell dimensions, relative development of erect and prostrate system, nature of branching, position of sporangia, and presence or absence of lime encrustation. Some species poorly known or doubtful and many have been transferred to other chaetophoralean genera. An ultrastructural investigation of G. papuasica showed membranes traversing the pyrenoids and no plasmodesmata.
Information contributed by: D.M. John. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2022-06-22 by M.D. Guiry.
Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Gender: This genus name is currently treated as feminine.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: John, D.M. (2002). Orders Chaetophorales, Klebshormidiales, Microsporales, Ulotrichales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 433-468. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=38297
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 22 June 2022. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 March 2023