Pleurastrum Chodat, 1894

Holotype species: Pleurastrum insigne Chodat

Original publication and holotype designation: Chodat, R. (1894). Materiaux pour servir a l'histoire des Protococcoidées. Bulletin de l'Herbier Boissier 2: 585-616.

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Description: Organisms with very variable growth habit, including short branched, uniseriate or multiseriate filaments, sarcinoid packets, cell tetrads and pairs, and single coccoid cells. Cells variously shaped: elongated, pyriform, L-shaped, oval to spherical, usually surrounded by a mucilaginous envelope. The side branches of filaments originate from the upper part of the cell near the transverse wall, and arise by lateral bulges. Cells uninucleate, containing a parietal chloroplast with one distinct pyrenoid. Asexual reproduction by biflagellate, stigma-possessing zoospores and by autospores.

Information contributed by: Skaloud et al. (2018: 124). The most recent alteration to this page was made on 2023-05-14 by M.D. Guiry.

Taxonomic status: This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Gender: This genus name is currently treated as neuter.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Škaloud, P., Rindi, F., Boedeker, C. & Leliaert, F. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz, L. ed.). pp. [i]-vii, [1]-288, 182 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Comments: Original description: Algue unicellulaire se reproduisant par tétrades de cellules dans l’intérieur de la membrane primitive, munie à l’état parfait de sculptures sur la membrane, formant des tétrades compliquées pouvant se résoudre en états gleocystis et produisant des zoospores à deux cils.

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Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 14 May 2023. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.; searched on 03 March 2024

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