Holotype species: Trichophilus welckeri Weber Bosse
Original publication and holotype designation: Weber-van Bosse, A. (1887). Étude sur les algues parasites des Paresseux. Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem serie 3 5(1): 1-24, pls I-III.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Suutari, M, Majaneva, M., Fewer, D.P., Voirin, B., Aiello, A., Friedl, T., Chiarello, A.G. & Blomster, J. (2010). Molecular evidence for a diverse green algal community growing in the hair of sloths and a specific association with Trichophilus welckeri (Chlorophyta, Ulvophyceae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 10(86): 1-12.
Karsten et al. (2005: fig. 1), Darienko et al. (2010: fig. 1) and Neustupa et al. (2011: fig. 22) place this genus in the Prasiola-clade of the Trebouxiophyceae. Rindi et al. (2007: table 1) place it the Prasiolales. - (11 Mar 2011) - Wendy Guiry
Description: Plants pseudoparenchymatous, consisting of prostrate, irregularly branched, uniseriate to partly multiseriate filaments. Cells uninucleate, thick-walled, each with parietal chloroplast and pyrenoid difficult to discern . Asexual reproduction by quadriflagellate zoospores of two sizes. Sexual reproduction unknown. Grows on or within the hairs of sloths and on shells of freshwater molluscs in South America. Closely resembles the genus Entocladia.
Information contributed by: D.M. John. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 8 Apr 2013 by M.D. Guiry.
Numbers of names and species: There are 2 species names in the database at present, of which 2 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Darienko, T., Gustavs, L., Mudimu, O., Menendez, C.R., Schumann, R., Karsten, U., Friedl, T. Proschold, T. (2010). Chloroidium, a common terrestrial coccoid green alga previously assigned to Chlorella (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 45(1): 79-95.
Karsten, U., Friedl, T., Schumann, R., Hoyer, K. & Lembcke, S. (2005). Mycosporine-like amino acids and phylogenies in green algae: Prasiola and its relatives from the Trebouxiophyceae (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 557-566.
Rindi, F., McIvor, L., Sherwood, A.R., Friedl, T., Guiry, M.D. & Sheath, R.G. (2007). Molecular phylogeny of the green algal order Prasiolales (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 43: 811-822.
Neustupa, J., Eliás, M., Skaloud, P., Nemcová, Y. & Sejnohová, L. (2011). Xylochloris irregularis gen. et sp. nov. (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta), a novel subaerial coccoid green alga. Phycologia 50(1): 57-66.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 08 April 2013 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43370
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 September 2021.