156,326 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,017 images, 60,418 bibliographic items, 445,945 distributional records.

Aphanizomenon A.Morren ex É.Bornet & C.Flahault, 1886 '1888'

Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Nostocophycidae
Order Nostocales
Family Aphanizomenonaceae

Lectotype species: Aphanizomenon flosaquae Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault

Original publication:Bornet, É. & Flahault, C. (1886 '1888'). Revision des Nostocacées hétérocystées contenues dans les principaux herbiers de France (quatrième et dernier fragment). Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Septième Série 7: 177-262.
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Type designated in Kirchner, O. (1898). Schizophyceae. In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien...I. Teil, Abt. 1a. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 45-92. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.

Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.

Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Komárek, J., Kastovsky, J., Mares, J. & Johansen, J.R. (2014). Taxonomic classification of cyanoprokaryotes (cyanobacterial genera) 2014, using a polyphasic approach. Preslia 86: 295-335.

Description: Filaments free-floating, solitary, in few species joined into fascicle-like, microscopic or macroscopic (up to 2 cm long) colonies with trichomes oriented in parallel; trichomes straight, slightly curved or slightly coiled, cylindrical or sharply or continually tapering to the ends, at crosswalls constricted or not, always without firm sheaths, several species with very fine mucilaginous, diffluent and colorless envelopes (?); trichomes uniseriate, in the middle part usually cylindrical, isopolar, with distinctly elongated and sometimes vacuolized cells at the ends, with the apical cells long, cylindrical and hyaline (at the end rounded or obtuse), or intensely elongated, narrowed, vacuolized up to hyaline and sharply or bluntly pointed, or conical, slightly elongated and only occasionally with small vacuoles (subgenera?); trichomes always subsymmetric, with 1-3 distant, intercalary developed heterocytes, which are localized subsymmetrically at the fully developed trichomes (shifted to one end of a trichome). Vegetative cells cylindrical or barrel-shaped, more or less isodiametrical or slightly shorter or longer than wide, pale blue-green or blue-green, usually with aerotopes, but several species facultatively or always without gas vesicles under special environmental conditions. Heterocytes barrel-shaped or cylindrical with rounded or obtuse ends, which can completely disappear under special conditions (under high N-content). Akinetes rarely spherical or widely oval, usually oval to long, cylindrical with rounded ends, developing paraheterocytically, solitary or in short rows (in 2 or 3), close to heterocytes or slightly distant from them, usually in asymmetrical position in a trichome. Vegetative cells divide transversely and grow to original size before the next division; terminal cells do not divide; without meristematic zones. Reproduction by trichome dissociation and by akinetes. Almost all species are planktonic, sometimes forming characteristic water blooms, the well-known type species (A. flos-aquae) is important in managed fish ponds and in lakes; mainly are distributed in eutrophic reservoirs, few species are halophilic. All species have limited areas of distribution (and possess characteristic species ecology), several species are described as endemic (e.g., from Caspian Sea).

Information contributed by: J. Komárek. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 3 Mar 2015 by M.D. Guiry.

Numbers of names and species: There are 32 species names in the database at present, as well as 9 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 19 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..

Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):

Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.

Werner, V.R., Laughinghouse, H.D.IV, Fiore, M.F., Sant'Anna, C.L., Hoff, C., de Souza Santos, K.R., Neuhaus, E.B., Molica, R.J.R., Honda, R.Y. & Echenique, R.O. (2012). Morphological and molecular studies of Sphaerospermopsis torques-reginae (Cyanobacteria, Nostocales) from South American water blooms. Phycologia 51(2): 228-238.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.

Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 03 March 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=43592

Citing AlgaeBase
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 September 2019.

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